September 2013
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Travel – Dead Sea – Jordan – Part 3

The Dead Sea also referred to as the Salt Sea, is a salt lake surrounding Jordan to the east as well as Israel and the West Bank to the west.

Health Effects and Therapies

4. Healing of Psoriasis
• Climatotherapy at the Dead Sea is an excellent treatment for people with psoriasis, who take advantage of sunbathing for a long period in the region because of its position below sea level and also successive outcome that many of the sun’s harmful UV rays are decreased.

5. Remedy for Rhino-sinusitis
• Rhino sinusitis patients get Dead Sea saline nasal irrigation displayed more advantageous symptom relief when compared with regular hyper-tonic saline spray.

6. Solution to Osteoarthritis
• Dead Sea mud pack treatment happens to be advised to momentarily reduce discomfort in patients with osteoarthritis of the knees.
• Based on researchers of the Ben Gurion University of the Negev, therapy with mineral-rich mud compresses are often used to augment traditional medical therapy.

Fauna and Flora in Dead Sea

• The sea is known as “dead” since its high salinity hinders macroscopic aquatic organisms, like fish and aquatic plants from surviving in it although minimal quantities of bacteria and microbial fungi exist.
• In occasions of flood, the salt content of the Dead Sea might decrease from the normal 35% to 30% or lesser.
• The Dead Sea comes to life during rainy winters.
• In 1980, after one such raining winter, the usual dark blue Dead Sea transformed red.
• Experts from Hebrew University of Jerusalem discovered the Dead Sea to be teeming with a kind of algae known as Dunaliella.
• The Dunaliella consequently nourished carotenoid-containing (red-pigmented) halo bacteria whose existence brought the color change.
• Since 1980, the Dead Sea basin has become dry and the algae as well as the bacteria have never returned in considerable numbers.
• A lot of animal species reside in the mountains adjoining the Dead Sea.
Hikers can see:
– Camels
– Ibex
– Hares
– Hyraxes
– Jackals
– Foxes
– Leopards
• A huge selection of bird species dwell in the zone also.
• Both Jordan and Israel have developed nature reserves around the Dead Sea.
• The delta of the Jordan River was previously a jungle of papyrus and palm trees.
• The Jewish historian Flavius Josephus explained Jericho as “the majority of fertile area in Judea”.
• In Roman and Byzantine times, sugarcane, henna, and sycamore fig crafted the lower Jordan valley wealthy.
• The most beneficial products generated by Jericho were the sap of the balsam tree that can be made into perfume.
• By the 19th century, Jericho’s fertility already had vanished.

What to See in and around Dead Sea?

• The hyper-salinated water of the Dead Sea is a unique attraction.

There are many close by attractions which are worth attention:
Historic Mount Nebo
– It offers a landscape of the Holy Land.
– The excavated remnants of a church and a monument commemorating the biblical tale of Moses and bronze serpent stand atop the hill.
– Mount Nebo is less than a fifteen minute drive from the Dead Sea.
– Tourists are likely to spend around one hour at the place at a price of two JD per person.

• Madaba
– The close by town of Madaba is referred to as the ‘City of Mosaics’.
– It is well known for its Byzantine and Umayyad mosaics; particularly a large Byzantine-era mosaic guide of Palestine and the Nile delta at St. George Chapel.

• The Baptism Site (Bethany Beyond the Jordan)
– It is at the Jordan River.
– The destination archaeologists are proclaiming is the place where the baptism of Jesus was done by John the Baptist, is a quick ten minute travel from the Dead Sea resort region.
– The price to enter the Baptism Site is seven JD per individual.
– Buses take the tourists all the way down to the river basin and there are also supervised tours that includes visits to a Jordan River overlook, the excavated remains of the Baptismal Site, John the Baptist Church, and all the way down to the River bank.
– Tourists may plunge a foot in the waters, however might not enter the waters.
– A baptismal robe is needed.

Best time to visit / climate

• The Dead Sea’s weather offers year-round warm skies and dry air.
• It possesses lower than 50 millimeters (two inches) mean yearly rainfall.
• The average summer temperature is between 32 and 39°C (90 and 102 °F) .
• Winter temperatures vary between 20 and 23 °C (68 and 73 °F).
• The area has weaker ultraviolet radiation, especially the UVB (erythrogenic rays), and the environment is characterized by an excellent oxygen content because of the high barometric pressure.
• The sea impacts temperatures close by as a consequence of the moderating effect a huge body of water bears on climate.
• In the course of the winter, sea temperatures are generally greater than land temperatures, and the other way round throughout the summer season.
• This is the consequence of the water’s mass and also specific heat capacity.
• Typically, you will find 192 days above 30 degree C yearly.

Location on Google Maps

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How to get there?

• The Dead Sea is a well known day trip from Amman along with several Jordanians which proceeds there on a Friday.
1. By Bus
Alpha Daily Tours (Tel. (06) 5855196)
• Arrange one day tour which includes lunch, pool and beach facilities.
• Embarkation is from Alpha Terminal 7th Circle in Amman.
• The bus departs at 7 am every day to the Dead Sea.
all through the journey.

Other possible ways to reach Dead Sea:
• On the Jordanian side, the Dead Sea is possible as a day trip from both Amman and Aqaba.
• The road is a great dual carriage way.
• Visitor spots are accessible from the main road.
• Highways towards the Dead Sea are clearly signed by brown tourist signs.
• It will be an ambitious 3-hour travel from Aqaba.
• Taxi providers for travel to the Dead Sea can be bought for the day for 20 JD if you hail a cab from down town, down town accommodations charge 35 JD for the identical service.
• Most of the local hotels and resorts have shuttles that tour from Amman to the Dead Sea.
• You will find a couple of bus lines that also run from Amman every day.
• Bus from Mujaharin bus station to Rame will cost you 1 JD.
• Taxi from Rame to Amman Beach costs 4 JD or less.
• Particularly on good climatic conditions on Fridays and Sundays, buses leave from Muhajarin bus station straight for Amman Beach but if not they may drop you along the path which is only a few kilometers before approaching the sea.
• From Aqaba, a taxi can be rented for a day. The cost to enter the Amman Beach is 16 JD and cost is 11 JD for the Locals/Jordian beach.

Some Travel Books about Jordan

Jordan (Insight Guide Jordan) Jordan Travel Pack, 3rd Dead Sea, Jordan City Travel Guide 2013

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

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Blogs / Sites about Dead Sea – Jordan

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Images and photos about Dead Sea – Jordan

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Videos about Dead Sea – Jordan

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