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Travel – Dead Sea – Jordan – Part 2




The Dead Sea also referred to as the Salt Sea, is a salt lake surrounding Jordan to the east as well as Israel and the West Bank to the west.

Natural History of Dead Sea

• There are two competing hypothesis regarding the origin of the lower elevation of the Dead Sea.
• The previous hypothesis is that it can be found in a true rift zone, an expansion of the Red Sea Rift or maybe of the Great Rift Valley of east Africa .
• A far more latest hypothesis is the fact that the Dead Sea basin is a direct result of a “step-over” discontinuity along the Dead Sea Transform, developing an expansion of the crust with consequent subsidence.
• Around 3 million years back, precisely what is now the valley of the Jordan River, Dead Sea, and Wadi Arabah was regularly swamped by waters from the Mediterranean Sea.
• The waters established in a narrow misaligned bay that was linked to the sea through Jezreel Valley.
• The lake that engaged the Dead Sea Rift, known as Lake Sedom lay on beds of salt that ultimately became 3 km (2 mi) dense.
• About 2 million years ago, the land between the Rift Valley and Mediterranean Sea increased to such a range that the ocean could possibly no longer flood the region.
• Hence, the extended bay grew to become a lake.
• The very first such prehistoric lake is termed “Lake Amora”.
• It was a freshwater or brackish lake that expanded to about 80 km ( 50 mi ) south of the present southern end of the Dead Sea and one hundred km (60 mi) north clearly above the present Hula Depression.
• As the weather grew to become more arid, Lake Amora shrank and also grew to become saltier.
• The large saltwater predecessor of the Dead Sea is referred to as “Lake Lisan”.
• In prehistoric times, good amounts of sediment gathered on the grounds of Lake Amora.
• The sediment was more substantial than the salt accumulation and squeezed the salt build up upwards into precisely what are now the Lisan Peninsula and Mount Sodom (on the southwest facet of the lake).
• Geologists clarify the consequence with regards to a bucket of mud into which a huge flat stone is set, making the mud to creep up the edges of the pail.
• When the floor of the Dead Sea lowered further because of tectonic forces, the salt mounts of Lisan and Mount Sodom remained in position as high cliffs (notice salt dome).
• From 70 ,000 to 12 ,000 years ago , the lake levels was 100 m (330 ft) to 250 m (820 ft) more than its present level.
• This lake, referred to as “Lake Lisan”, fluctuated significantly , rising to its highest possible level around 26 ,000 years back , suggesting an extremely wet weather in the Near East .
• Around 10, 000 years back, the lake level decreased considerably, possibly to levels even less than today.
• During the past several thousand years, the lake has fluctuated about 400 m (1, 300 ft), with a bit of considerable drops and rises.
• Present theories regarding the reason for this dramatic decrease in levels discard volcanic activity.

Health Effects and Therapies

• The Dead Sea region happens to be a significant center for health study and solution to many reasons.
• The mineral content of the water, the minimal content of pollens as well as other allergens in the environment, the lowered ultraviolet component of sun radiation, and greater atmospheric air pressure at this great depth each possess particular health effects.
• For instance, people encountering lowered respiratory function from ailments like cystic fibrosis apparently benefit from the improved atmospheric pressure.

The region’s weather and lower elevation are making it a well known center for many kinds of therapies:
Climatotherapy
Therapy which utilizes area’s climatic capabilities like:
• Temperature
• Humidity
• Sunshine
• Barometric pressure
• Unique atmospheric components

Heliotherapy
• Therapy that utilizes the organic effects of the sun’s radiation.
Thalassotherapy
• Therapy that utilizes bathing in Dead Sea lakes.

Best time to visit / climate

• The Dead Sea’s weather offers year-round warm skies and dry air.
• It possesses lower than 50 millimeters (two inches) mean yearly rainfall.
• The average summer temperature is between 32 and 39°C (90 and 102 °F) .
• Winter temperatures vary between 20 and 23 °C (68 and 73 °F).
• The area has weaker ultraviolet radiation, especially the UVB (erythrogenic rays), and the environment is characterized by an excellent oxygen content because of the high barometric pressure.
• The sea impacts temperatures close by as a consequence of the moderating effect a huge body of water bears on climate.
• In the course of the winter, sea temperatures are generally greater than land temperatures, and the other way round throughout the summer season.
• This is the consequence of the water’s mass and also specific heat capacity.
• Typically, you will find 192 days above 30 degree C yearly.

Location on Google Maps


View Larger Map

Or click and paste the URL below on the browser:
https://maps.google.co.in/maps?q=Dead+sea&hnear=Dead+Sea&gl=in&t=m&z=13

How to get there?

• The Dead Sea is a well known day trip from Amman along with several Jordanians which proceeds there on a Friday.
1. By Bus
Alpha Daily Tours (Tel. (06) 5855196)
• Arrange one day tour which includes lunch, pool and beach facilities.
• Embarkation is from Alpha Terminal 7th Circle in Amman.
• The bus departs at 7 am every day to the Dead Sea.
all through the journey.

Other possible ways to reach Dead Sea:
• On the Jordanian side, the Dead Sea is possible as a day trip from both Amman and Aqaba.
• The road is a great dual carriage way.
• Visitor spots are accessible from the main road.
• Highways towards the Dead Sea are clearly signed by brown tourist signs.
• It will be an ambitious 3-hour travel from Aqaba.
• Taxi providers for travel to the Dead Sea can be bought for the day for 20 JD if you hail a cab from down town, down town accommodations charge 35 JD for the identical service.
• Most of the local hotels and resorts have shuttles that tour from Amman to the Dead Sea.
• You will find a couple of bus lines that also run from Amman every day.
• Bus from Mujaharin bus station to Rame will cost you 1 JD.
• Taxi from Rame to Amman Beach costs 4 JD or less.
• Particularly on good climatic conditions on Fridays and Sundays, buses leave from Muhajarin bus station straight for Amman Beach but if not they may drop you along the path which is only a few kilometers before approaching the sea.
• From Aqaba, a taxi can be rented for a day. The cost to enter the Amman Beach is 16 JD and cost is 11 JD for the Locals/Jordian beach.

Some Travel Books about Jordan

Jordan (Insight Guide Jordan) Jordan Travel Pack, 3rd Dead Sea, Jordan City Travel Guide 2013

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at tripadvisor.com
Hotels at wikitravel.org
Hotels at hotelscombined.com
Hotels at booking.com

Blogs / Sites about Dead Sea – Jordan

blogs at wikitravel.org
blogs at visitjordan.com
blogs at wikipedia.org
blogs and reviews at tripadvisor.com

Images and photos about Dead Sea – Jordan

images at wikitravel.org
images at visitjordan.com
images at wikipedia.org
images at google.com

Videos about Dead Sea – Jordan






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