September 2013
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Travel – Dead Sea – Jordan – Part 1

The Dead Sea also referred to as the Salt Sea, is a salt lake surrounding Jordan to the east as well as Israel and the West Bank to the west.

Overview of Dead Sea

• Its surface area and shores are 423 metres (1, 388 ft) below sea level, Earth’s minimum elevation on land.
• The Dead Sea is 377 m (1,237 ft) in depth, the deepest hyper-saline lake on earth.
• With 33.7% of salinity, it is one of the world’s saltiest systems of water, although Lake Assal (Djibouti), Garabogazkol and some hyper-saline lakes of the McMurdo Dry Valleys in Antarctica (like Don Juan Pond) have revealed higher salinity.
• It is actually 8.6 times saltier when compared with the ocean.
• This salinity creates an extreme environment wherein animals are not able to flourish.
• The Dead Sea is fifty five kilometers (34 mi) longer and eighteen kilometers (11 mi) in width at its broadest point.
• It is situated in the Jordan Rift Valley, and the primary tributary is the Jordan River.
• The Dead Sea has fascinated tourists from and around the Mediterranean basin for centuries.
• Biblical, it had been a location of refuge for King David.
• It had been considered one of the world’s very first health resorts (for Herod the Great).
• It continues to be the provider of a wide selection of products, from balms for Egyptian mummification to potash for fertilizers.
• Folks use the salt along with the minerals from the Dead Sea to generate cosmetics and herbal sachets.
• In 2009, 1.2 million international tourists traveled towards the Israeli side.
• The Dead Sea seawater features a density of 1.240 kg/L.

Etymology and Geography of Dead Sea

• In Hebrew, the Dead Sea means “sea of salt” because of the absence or unavailability of aquatic life.
• The Dead Sea is an endorheic lake situated in the Jordan Rift Valley, a geographic characteristic created by the Dead Sea Transform (DST).
• This eventually left lateral-moving alter fault sits along the tectonic plate boundary line between the African Plate as well as the Arabian Plate.
• It runs between the East Anatolian Fault zones in Turkey along with the northern end of the Red Sea.
• The Jordan River is the sole and primary water resource streaming into the Dead Sea, even though you will find small perennial springs under and also around the Dead Sea, developing pools and quicksand pits along the borders.
• You will find absolutely no outlet streams.
• Rainfall is hardly 100 mm (four inches) each year in the northern section of the Dead Sea and hardly 50 mm (two inches) in the southern part of the section.
• The Dead Sea zone’s aridity is because of the rain shadow impression of the Judean Hills.
• The highlands on the east of the Dead Sea obtain a lot more rainfall as compared with the Dead Sea.
• To the west of the Dead Sea, the Judean Hills are far lower than the mountains to the east.
• Along the southwestern section of the lake is a 210 m (700 ft) high halite formation referred to as “Mount Sodom”.

Best time to visit / climate

• The Dead Sea’s weather offers year-round warm skies and dry air.
• It possesses lower than 50 millimeters (two inches) mean yearly rainfall.
• The average summer temperature is between 32 and 39°C (90 and 102 °F) .
• Winter temperatures vary between 20 and 23 °C (68 and 73 °F).
• The area has weaker ultraviolet radiation, especially the UVB (erythrogenic rays), and the environment is characterized by an excellent oxygen content because of the high barometric pressure.
• The sea impacts temperatures close by as a consequence of the moderating effect a huge body of water bears on climate.
• In the course of the winter, sea temperatures are generally greater than land temperatures, and the other way round throughout the summer season.
• This is the consequence of the water’s mass and also specific heat capacity.
• Typically, you will find 192 days above 30 degree C yearly.

Location on Google Maps

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How to get there?

• The Dead Sea is a well known day trip from Amman along with several Jordanians which proceeds there on a Friday.
1. By Bus
Alpha Daily Tours (Tel. (06) 5855196)
• Arrange one day tour which includes lunch, pool and beach facilities.
• Embarkation is from Alpha Terminal 7th Circle in Amman.
• The bus departs at 7 am every day to the Dead Sea.
all through the journey.

Other possible ways to reach Dead Sea:
• On the Jordanian side, the Dead Sea is possible as a day trip from both Amman and Aqaba.
• The road is a great dual carriage way.
• Visitor spots are accessible from the main road.
• Highways towards the Dead Sea are clearly signed by brown tourist signs.
• It will be an ambitious 3-hour travel from Aqaba.
• Taxi providers for travel to the Dead Sea can be bought for the day for 20 JD if you hail a cab from down town, down town accommodations charge 35 JD for the identical service.
• Most of the local hotels and resorts have shuttles that tour from Amman to the Dead Sea.
• You will find a couple of bus lines that also run from Amman every day.
• Bus from Mujaharin bus station to Rame will cost you 1 JD.
• Taxi from Rame to Amman Beach costs 4 JD or less.
• Particularly on good climatic conditions on Fridays and Sundays, buses leave from Muhajarin bus station straight for Amman Beach but if not they may drop you along the path which is only a few kilometers before approaching the sea.
• From Aqaba, a taxi can be rented for a day. The cost to enter the Amman Beach is 16 JD and cost is 11 JD for the Locals/Jordian beach.

Some Travel Books about Jordan

Jordan (Insight Guide Jordan) Jordan Travel Pack, 3rd Dead Sea, Jordan City Travel Guide 2013

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

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Blogs / Sites about Dead Sea – Jordan

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Images and photos about Dead Sea – Jordan

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Videos about Dead Sea – Jordan

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