August 2013
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Travel – Petra – Jordan – Part 1

Petra is a historical and archaeological location in the southern part of Jordanian govern-orate of Ma’an, which is well-known for the rock-cut architecture and water conduit system.

Overview of Petra – Jordan

• Another name for Petra is the Rose City as a result of the color of the stone due to which it is actually carved.
• Established likely as early as 312 BC as the capital city of the Nabataeans, it is actually a representation of Jordan, along with the most-visited vacation destination.
• It is situated on the inclination of Jebel al-Madhbah (recognized by certain as the biblical Mount Hor) in a basin among the mountain ranges which form the east flank of Arabah (Wadi Araba), the huge valley functioning to the Gulf of Aqaba from the Dead Sea.
• Petra continues to be a UNESCO World Heritage Site ever since 1985.
• The place continued to be unknown to the West world until 1812, when it was established by Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt.
• It was referred to as “a rose-red city half as old as time” in a Newdigate Prize-winning poem by John William Burgon.
• UNESCO has mentioned it as “one of the most precious cultural properties of man’s cultural heritage”.
• Petra was selected by the Smithsonian Journal as one of the “28 Places to See before You Die.

Geography of Petra – Jordan

• Pliny the Elder as well as other writers recognizes Petra as the capital of the Nabataeans along with the center of their caravan business.
• Encapsulated by towering rocks as well as watered by a perennial stream, Petra not merely possessed the benefits of a fortress, however managed the primary commercial paths passing through it to:
– Gaza in the west
– Bosra as well as Damascus in the north
– Aqaba and Leuce occur the Red Sea
– Across the desert to the Persian Gulf
• Excavations have confirmed that it was the capability of the Nabataeans to manage the water supply that generated the increase of the desert city, making it an artificial oasis.
• The region is toured by flash floods and archaeological evidence illustrates that the Nabataeans regulated all these floods by means of dams, cisterns together with water conduits.
• These improvements stored water for very long periods of drought, and also allowed the city to thrive from its sale.
• Even though in ancient times, Petra appears to have been approached from the south on a path leading across the plain of Petra, around Jabal Haroun (“Aaron’s Mountain”), wherein the Tomb of Aaron, considered to be the burial-place of Aaron brother of Moses is situated, or even from the high plateau to the north, most innovative tourists approach the place from the east.

Best time to visit / climate

• Jordan has a sunny, dry weather characterized by lengthy, hot, dry summers as well as brief, cool winters.
• The weather is based on Jordan’s placement between the subtropical aridity of the Arabian Desert locations along with the subtropical humidity of the eastern Mediterranean region.
• January is the coldest month, with temperature ranges from 5°C to 10°C, and August is the hottest time of the year at 20°C to 35°C.
• Regular temperatures can be quite hot, particularly in the summer; on certain days it could be 40°C or higher, particularly when the Shirocco , a hot , dry southerly wind flies .
• These kind of winds can often be quite strong that will result in Sandstorms.
• Around 70 % of the regular rainfall in the country falls between November and then March; June through August tend to rain less.
• Rainfall differs from season to season and also from year to year.
• Precipitation is usually targeted in aggressive storms, leading to erosion as well as local flooding, particularly in the winter season.

Location on Google Maps

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Or click and paste the URL below on the browser:,35.442581&spn=0.010761,0.013797&fb=1&gl=in&hq=Petra+-+Jordan&cid=0,0,1845342286831559313&t=m&z=16&iwloc=A

How to get there?

Entrance ticket
• Entrance Ticket to Petra will cost you 90 JD (=127 USD) for individuals who are Day-Visitors to Jordan.
• This is for those visitors lodging in Israel or Egypt and will spend the day in Petra and get back without spending the night in Jordan.
• Visitors (overnight and cruise tourists) spend 50 JD (=70 USD) for one day’s accessibility to Petra, 55 JD for two days or sixty JD for three days.
• Students are required to pay the full price, except if they have got a valid Jordanian University ID; in that case the entry fee is one JD.

1. By Bus
• JETT buses, both ordinary and also all-inclusive supervised tour, link up Amman and Aqaba with the fast (but monotonous) Desert Highway.
• Other visitors accompany organized groups, like daily tours from Eilat. Trips to Petra from Taba, Sinai and Sharm el Sheikh are likewise gaining reputation with charter tourism.
• It could cost 19 JD( December 2012 ) per individual to go out by JETT bus from Amman( Abdali JETT workplaces ) to Petra and back enabling you to see nearly the entire site in an ( tiring ) day trip.
Bus leaves from the car parking lot external to the Petra visitor centre:
– from Amman at 0630
– from Petra at 1600 sharp

2. By Minibus
• Public minibus from Wadi Musa (Petra) to Ma’an is 0 .55 JD and from that point to Aqaba 1 .50 JD (April 2012).
• The primary route from Wadi Musa to Aqaba is expensive for tourists.
• The same is valid for the path from Amman to Wadi Musa.
• With the stop by in Ma’an you ought to be able to pay the regular price for the public minibus.
• Public minibuses also leave without timetable( once they fill up ) until midday, from Aqaba bus station in King Talal Street( beside the Police Station )for Wadi Musa( 5JD ) as well as the opposite.
• From that point get a taxi that will charge you about 1-2JD to go to the visitor centre.
• The reverse is possible once you complete your visit.
• Taxis can be found in the entry of the site all of which will take you back to the Wadi Musa bus station.
• You should not count on afternoon departures therefore it is best to start the tour as early as you can.
• This path is costly because of tourists.
• The minibus from Wadi Rum will cost you 5 JD.
• It will take 1 .5 hrs to reach Petra.
• Have the Rum Guesthouse or perhaps the tour operator to call the bus proprietor the day before to plan a precise time for pick up.
• The bus generally departs from Wadi Rum at 8:30 each morning, however may be delayed because of weather or tour groups heading the other way.
• There are minibuses from Amman leaving from the Wihdat bus station (cab drivers may also know it as the South Bus Station) – most of these leave when filled, and visitors are priced 5 JD to proceed.
• You should not permit the drivers to ask you for money for your luggage, since they might occasionally try to do.
• Taxi drivers at the bus station may also attempt to inform you the minibuses are cancelled so that you will hire them to commute you to Petra – simply neglect them and locate the mini-bus.
• The trip is about 3 hours.
• You can find a regular bus to Wadi Musa from Madaba that trips by the scenic (however slow) King’s Highway.
• This minibus departs from outside the Mariam Hotel in Madaba .
• You can find a minibus heading from Aqaba, for people who cross from Eilat and don’t wish to spend the outrageous taxi fare.
• The trouble is, there’s absolutely no timetable – it departs early in the morning (6:45) from Wadi Musa to Aqaba, after that returns from Aqaba once it fills up etc.
• The journey was 5 JD (Dec 2011).

3. By taxi
• Taxi can be a viable choice.
• For 75 JD or much less (based on how much you haggle) you might be ready to take a private taxi to Petra from Amman and vice versa, which includes the driver waiting around for six hours.
• In December 2012, we pay 60 JD from Petra to Amman.
• Standard rate is considered to be 70JD.
• A taxi from Aqaba to Petra can cost approximately JD 30 one-way.
• Bargain the price with driver that includes a confirmation to go directly to the Petra visitor centre.
• You may pay up to 27JD for the journey (December 2012).
• When you get there, renting a minibus with a driver in the hotel at the Dead Sea is a better option, the one-way price could be 140 JD.
Phone numbers for taxi operators:
Jafer K. Mashaleh Petra, Jordan – +962 777 66 78 40

Some Travel Books about Jordan

Jordan (Insight Guide Jordan) Jordan Travel Pack, 3rd The Rough Guide to Jordan

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

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Blogs / Sites about Petra – Jordan

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Images and photos about Petra – Jordan

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Videos about Petra – Jordan

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