August 2013
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Travel – Lake Titicaca – Bolivia – Part 2

Lake Titicaca is a lake in the Andes on the boundary of Peru and Bolivia.

About Lake Titicaca

• Around 20 smaller streams drain into Titicaca.
• In addition to this, the lake has 41 islands, a few of which are densely populated.
• Having only just one season of free movement, the lake is monomictic.
• The water is fed into Lago Huinaimarca and passes out the single outlet at the Río Desaguadero, which next flows south via Bolivia to Lake Poopo.
• This accounts for approximately 10% of the lake’s water balance.
• Evapo-transpiration, due to strong winds and extreme sunlight at high altitude, compensates the left 90% of the water input.
• It happens to be a closed lake.
• From 2000, Lake Titicaca has encountered consistently receding water levels.
• Between April and November 2009, only the water level has sunk by 81 cm furthermore has now attained the lowest level since 1949.
• This decrease is due to shortened rainy seasons along with the melting of glaciers providing the tributaries of the lake.
• Water pollution is furthermore a growing concern since cities in the Titicaca watershed develop, occasionally outpacing solid waste and also sewage treatment infrastructure.

Temperature of Lake Titicaca
• The chilly sources and winds over the lake provide an average surface temperature of 10 to 14 °C.
• In winter, from June to September, combining takes place with the deeper waters that are constantly between 10 to 11 °C.

Name of the Lake
• The source of the name Titicaca is unidentified.
• It is often translated as “Rock Puma”, since local communities have customarily interpreted the form of the lake to be that of a puma hunting a rabbit.
• “Titicaca” incorporates words from the local languages Quechua and Aymara.
• The term can be translated as “Crag of Lead”.
• Locally, the lake takes on several names.
• Since the southeast quarter of the lake is different from the main body (linked just by the Strait of Tiquina), the Bolivians refer to it as Lago Huinaymarca (Quechua: Winay Marka) along with the larger part Lago Chucuito.
• In Peru, these kinds of smaller and larger parts are generally known as Lago Pequeño and Lago Grande, respectively.

Ecology of Lake

• Lake Titicaca retains large populations of water birds and also was specified as a Ramsar Site on August 26, 1998.
• A number of endangered species like the huge Titicaca Water Frog as well as the flightless Titicaca Grebe are mostly or completely limited to the lake, and the Titicaca orestias has gone extinct because of competition and predation by numerous introduced species of trouts and also silver sides.
• Along with the Titicaca orestias, local fish species in the lake’s sink are supplementary species of Orestias, and catfish from the genera Astroblepus and also Trichomycterus (the final genus not in the lake itself, however in connected ecosystems).
• Around 90% of the fish species in the basin are endemic.

Best time to visit / climate

• Lake Titicaca offers an Alpine climate.
• It has cool to cold temperatures for almost the entire year.
• The annual precipitation on an average is estimated to be about 610 mm.
• Winters are dry.
• Winters are experienced with very cold nights and mornings.
• The afternoons are although warm.

Location on Google Maps

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How to get there?

• There is a train available starting from Cusco to Puno.
• It takes about ten hours to travel.
• Train tickets can be availed at the website:

1. By flight
• Airline travel is the obvious approach to get to Bolivia; the primary airports are situated in La Paz to the western part of the country as well as in Santa Cruz to the east.
• The arrival strategy has to be designed in the purpose of the travel to the country.
• You must remember that La Paz gets the majority of their visitors because of the immense culture and heritage from the Incas as well as other native cultures from the Andean area.
• From La Paz it will be simpler to move to:
– Tiwanaku ruins
– Oruro’s carnival
– Potosí’s mines
– Uyuni
– Lake Titicaca
– Los Yungas valley
– Andes Mountains
• This is because La Paz has the hold of:
– Government
– All of the embassies
– Foreign establishments possess their head office in the city
• These can be useful in the event of an emergency.
• On the other side, Santa Cruz with a warm climate can turn out to be a good area for doing business visit additional alternatives in tourism. These are like the:
– Missions
– Noel Kempff Mercado national park
– Eastern cities
• In addition, there are some foreign consulates in Santa Cruz.
• However, do not forget that the metropolitan areas in the south and central Bolivia also provide an extremely rich experience.
• The cities are such as:
– Cochabamba
– Tarija
– Sucre
• There are many methods to get to these cities from La Paz or Santa Cruz.

2. From Europe
• Following on from Aerosur’s loss of life in September 2012, the perfect options from Europe to Bolivia now are with Air Europa or Boliviana de Aviacion from Madrid to Santa Cruz.
• Additional connections can be achieved in neighboring nations like Brazil or Peru, or in the U.S.
• The price might go from 1000-1200€ to other greater prices based on the class and duration.

3. From Latin America
• Airlines that take a flight into Bolivia from other Latin American countries consist of:
– LAN from Santiago via Iquique
– From Lima to La Paz
– From TACA Perú to La Paz
– From Lima to La Paz

4. From USA
• You will find departures from Miami to La Paz and also Santa Cruz on American Airlines.
• Connectivity is also possible on Latin American airlines like:
– Copa
– Avianca
As soon as you have the international trip booked, it’s much simpler and cheaper to arrange the internal flights from the place of departure.

5. By Train
• There are numerous train lines in Bolivia, each one with different degrees of quality and performance.
• Nevertheless, sufficient transportation via train can be obtained.
• The FCA schedule can be obtained at their website.
• Keep an eye on the belongings.

6. By car
• It is usual for visitors to travel by means of a land border at the north-east of Chile/ South-West of Bolivia.
• Remember that approximately 5% of most of the roads in Bolivia are smooth.
• Nevertheless, the majority of primary routes between cities are paved. The cities are like:
– Aka big cities
– Santa Cruz
– La Paz
– Cochabamba
– Sucre
• 4×4 is especially needed when off the flatter altiplano.
• Remember that in mountainous areas of traffic occasionally switches edges of the road.
• That is to make sure the driver has a much better view of the harmful drops.
• An international driver’s license is needed but on most occasions EU or US drivers licenses will likely be accepted.
• You will find frequent police controls on the highway and tolls to be paid for road use.

7. By Bus
• There are numerous options for touring from Argentina to Bolivia by bus.
• Take a look at the Bolivian Embassy’s website in Argentina for particular options.
• In addition there is a bus that operates from Juliaca and Puno in Peru to Copacabana.

8. By Boat
• It will be common for visitors to get to Bolivia by boat, by navigating from the port city of Puno, Peru, over Lake Titicaca.

Some Travel Books on Bolivia

Lonely Planet Bolivia For 91 Days in Bolivia Bolivia in Focus

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

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Blogs/Sites about Lake Titicaca – Bolivia

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Images and photos about Lake Titicaca – Bolivia

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Videos about Lake Titicaca – Bolivia

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