August 2013
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Travel – Lake Titicaca – Bolivia – Part 1

Lake Titicaca is a lake in the Andes on the boundary of Peru and Bolivia.

Overview of Lake Titicaca

• By the level of water, it happens to be the largest lake in South America.
• Lake Maracaibo features a larger surface area; however it is regarded as being a vast brackish bay because of the direct connection to the ocean.
• It is better known as the highest navigable lake on the globe, with a surface elevation of 3,812 m.
• Even though this represents navigation by huge boats, it is in general regarded to mean commercial craft.
• For several years, the largest vessel afloat on the lake was the 2, 200-ton, 79-meter SS Ollanta.
• Right now, the largest vessel is the likewise sized, but a wider train barge or float.
• It is Manco Capac which is managed by PeruRail.
• Around 2 dozen bodies of water all over the world are at higher elevations; however most of them are much smaller and shallower.
• The lake is situated at the northern end of the endorheic Altiplano sink high in the Andes on the boundary of Peru and Bolivia.
• The western section of the lake is located within the Puno Region of Peru, as well as the eastern side is situated in the Bolivian La Paz Department.
• The lake consists of 2 separate sub-basins which are linked by the Strait of Tiquina that is approximately 800 m across at the narrowest point.
• The larger sub-basin, Lago Grande (also referred to as Lago Chucuito), possesses a mean depth of 135 m with a optimum depth of 284 m.
• The smaller sub-basin, Winaymarka (also referred to as Lago Pequeno, “little lake”) possesses a mean depth of 9 m along with an optimum depth of 40 m.
• The total average depth of the lake is 107 m.
• Five leading river systems feed into Lake Titicaca.

In order of their relative flow volumes they are:
• Ramis
• Coata
• Ilave
• Huancane
• Suchez

Summarized facts about Lake Titicaca

• Type : Mountain lake
• Primary inflows : 27 rivers
• Primary outflows : Desaguadero River
• Catchment area : 58,000 square km
• Basin countries : Bolivia, Peru
• Max. length : 190 km
• Max. width : 80 km
• Surface area : 8,372 square km
• Average depth : 107 m
• Max. depth : 281 m
• Water volume : 893 km3
• Residence time : 1343 years
• Shore length : 1,125 km
• Surface elevation : 3,812 m
• Frozen : never
• Islands : 42 plus
• Designated : 26 August 1998
• Sections/sub-basins : Winaymarka, Ramsar Wetland
• Settlements : Copacabana, Bolivia, Puno, Peru

Best time to visit / climate

• Lake Titicaca offers an Alpine climate.
• It has cool to cold temperatures for almost the entire year.
• The annual precipitation on an average is estimated to be about 610 mm.
• Winters are dry.
• Winters are experienced with very cold nights and mornings.
• The afternoons are although warm.

Location on Google Maps

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How to get there?

• There is a train available starting from Cusco to Puno.
• It takes about ten hours to travel.
• Train tickets can be availed at the website:

1. By flight
• Airline travel is the obvious approach to get to Bolivia; the primary airports are situated in La Paz to the western part of the country as well as in Santa Cruz to the east.
• The arrival strategy has to be designed in the purpose of the travel to the country.
• You must remember that La Paz gets the majority of their visitors because of the immense culture and heritage from the Incas as well as other native cultures from the Andean area.
• From La Paz it will be simpler to move to:
– Tiwanaku ruins
– Oruro’s carnival
– Potosí’s mines
– Uyuni
– Lake Titicaca
– Los Yungas valley
– Andes Mountains
• This is because La Paz has the hold of:
– Government
– All of the embassies
– Foreign establishments possess their head office in the city
• These can be useful in the event of an emergency.
• On the other side, Santa Cruz with a warm climate can turn out to be a good area for doing business visit additional alternatives in tourism. These are like the:
– Missions
– Noel Kempff Mercado national park
– Eastern cities
• In addition, there are some foreign consulates in Santa Cruz.
• However, do not forget that the metropolitan areas in the south and central Bolivia also provide an extremely rich experience.
• The cities are such as:
– Cochabamba
– Tarija
– Sucre
• There are many methods to get to these cities from La Paz or Santa Cruz.

2. From Europe
• Following on from Aerosur’s loss of life in September 2012, the perfect options from Europe to Bolivia now are with Air Europa or Boliviana de Aviacion from Madrid to Santa Cruz.
• Additional connections can be achieved in neighboring nations like Brazil or Peru, or in the U.S.
• The price might go from 1000-1200€ to other greater prices based on the class and duration.

3. From Latin America
• Airlines that take a flight into Bolivia from other Latin American countries consist of:
– LAN from Santiago via Iquique
– From Lima to La Paz
– From TACA Perú to La Paz
– From Lima to La Paz

4. From USA
• You will find departures from Miami to La Paz and also Santa Cruz on American Airlines.
• Connectivity is also possible on Latin American airlines like:
– Copa
– Avianca
As soon as you have the international trip booked, it’s much simpler and cheaper to arrange the internal flights from the place of departure.

5. By Train
• There are numerous train lines in Bolivia, each one with different degrees of quality and performance.
• Nevertheless, sufficient transportation via train can be obtained.
• The FCA schedule can be obtained at their website.
• Keep an eye on the belongings.

6. By car
• It is usual for visitors to travel by means of a land border at the north-east of Chile/ South-West of Bolivia.
• Remember that approximately 5% of most of the roads in Bolivia are smooth.
• Nevertheless, the majority of primary routes between cities are paved. The cities are like:
– Aka big cities
– Santa Cruz
– La Paz
– Cochabamba
– Sucre
• 4×4 is especially needed when off the flatter altiplano.
• Remember that in mountainous areas of traffic occasionally switches edges of the road.
• That is to make sure the driver has a much better view of the harmful drops.
• An international driver’s license is needed but on most occasions EU or US drivers licenses will likely be accepted.
• You will find frequent police controls on the highway and tolls to be paid for road use.

7. By Bus
• There are numerous options for touring from Argentina to Bolivia by bus.
• Take a look at the Bolivian Embassy’s website in Argentina for particular options.
• In addition there is a bus that operates from Juliaca and Puno in Peru to Copacabana.

8. By Boat
• It will be common for visitors to get to Bolivia by boat, by navigating from the port city of Puno, Peru, over Lake Titicaca.

Some Travel Books on Bolivia

Lonely Planet Bolivia For 91 Days in Bolivia Bolivia in Focus

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

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Blogs/Sites about Lake Titicaca – Bolivia

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Images and photos about Lake Titicaca – Bolivia

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Videos about Lake Titicaca – Bolivia

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