August 2013
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Travel – Castilla y leon – Spain – Part 2

• Castile and Leon is an autonomous community in north-western Spain.
• It was constituted in 1983.
• It also comprises the historical aspects of Leon and Old Castile.
• It is the largest autonomous community vacation.
• It covers a space of 94,223 meters.
• It has an official population close to 2.5 million.

Tourism in Castilla y Leon

Castle of La Mota
• Tourism in Castile and Leon increased throughout the 1990s.
• It capitalized the Castilian-Leonese cities cultural and historic significance.
The region contains six UNESCO World Heritage Sites:
• The Way of Saint James (Spanish: Camino de Santiago)
• The pilgrim road to Santiago de Compostela—passes through many provinces of Castilla y Leon.
• The French Route cuts across the provinces of Burgos, Palencia, and León.
• The Via de la plata passes through Salamanca and Zamora.
• The Gothic-style cathedral of Burgos
• Old city and aqueduct of Segovia
• Old city and wall of Ávila
• Old city of Salamanca

Las Medulas in the province of Leon: Roman gold mines
• Archaeological deposits of Atapuerca are located near the city of Burgos.
• Here, fossils of one of the earliest known hominids in Europe have been found.
• The town of Lerma located in the province of Burgos was earlier the seat of a duke.
• It is also a very important tourist destination.
• There are several Templar and Medieval castles that are available for visitation in Castile and Leon.
• The Templar Castle of Ponferrada is located in the province of Leon.

Flora and Vegetation

– Solitary oaks
– Junipers
• The final of the juniper forests of Castile and Leon are available in Soria and Burgos provinces.
• Junipers are mixed with pine in some forests.
• Even junipers are mixed with oak or gall oak in some forests.
• The conifers predominate.
The beeches may form mixed forests with:
– Yew
– Rowan
– Common hawthorne
– Holly
– Birch
The sunny slopes bring forth:
– Sessile oak
– English oak
– Ash
– Common hawthorne
– Chestnut
– Birch
– Pinar de Lillo
– Quercus pyrenaica – an oak species which is very rarely available in the eponymous Pyrenees
– The principal native pine forests are found in the Sierra de Guadarrama.
– Oak
– Cork oak
– Gall oak
– Turkish oak

Fauna in Castilla y Leon

• The Brown Bear (Ursus arctos) is found in the Provinces of Palencia and Leon.
• The endemic Iberian Wolf (Canis lupus signatus) is found in every Castile and León province.
• Western Spanish Ibex is available on the Castilian-Leonese border with Extremadura.
• The Spanish Imperial Eagle (Aquila adalberti).
• 418 species of vertebrates have been identified
• Western Spanish Ibex (Capra pyrenaica victoriae) The European Snow Vole (Chionomys nivalis or Microtus nivalis)
• Squirrels
• Dormice
• Spanish Moles
• Sables
• Martens
• Foxes
• Wildcats
• Iberian Wolves
• Wild boars
• Roe Deer
• Other deer species
• A small population of Brown Bear (Ursus arctos)
• The wildcat Felis silvestris
• The Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus)

– Ladder Snake (Rhinechis scalaris)
– The Southern Smooth Snake (Coronella girondica)
– The Aesculapian Snake
– European Smooth Snake (Coronella austriaca)
– Iberian Rock Lizard

– Nutrias
– Pyrenean Desmans
– Freshwater eels
– Bighead carp
– Native freshwater crabs
– Barbels
– Carp
– Almanzor Salamander
– Gredos Toad

– Griffon Vulture
– Cinereous Vulture
– Egyptian Vulture
– Golden Eagle
– Peregrine Falcon
– Egyptian Vulture
– Black-crowned Night Heron
– Grey Heron
– Smaller Goldcrest
– European Penduline Tit
– Hoopoe
– Common Kingfisher
– Black Stork
– Spanish Imperial Eagle
– Tree-creepers
– Coal Tit
– Eurasian Nuthatch
– Western Capercaillie
– Northern Goshawk
– Eurasian Jays
– Woodpeckers
– La Great Bustard
– Greylag Geese

Best time to visit/climate

• Castile and Leon features a continental Mediterranean climate.
• This is the Mediterranean climate which has a marked character of the continental climate.
• The continental Mediterranean climate is similar to a standard Mediterranean climate.
• The temperatures are more extreme and typical of a continental climate.
• Winters are long and cold.
• They have average temperatures between 4 °C and 7 °C in January.
• Summers are short and hot.
• The temperature is between 19 °C and 22 °C.
• Rain averages only 450 millimeters to 500 millimeters annually.
• This is mostly inside lower altitudes.

Location on Google Maps

View Larger Map

Or click and paste the URL below on the browser:,+Spain&gl=in&t=m&z=7

How to get there?

1. By Air
• The Valladolid airport of Villanubla handles both domestic and international traffic.
• The Leon Airport which is also called Virgen del Camino, offers only domestic traffic at present.
• It hopes to handle international traffic in the future.
• Salamanca Airport, also known as Matacán, offers domestic flights and international charter flights.
• The Burgos Airport, often known as Villafria, opened in July 2008.
• Madrid’s main airport Barajas is nearby too.
• Matacán and Virgen del Camino are among Europe’s leaders regarding recent development of air traffic.
• Villanubla is experiencing lesser expansion of about 3 percent annually.

2. By Rail
• Castile and Leon comes with a extensive rail network.
• There are principal lines from Madrid to Cantabria and Galicia.
• The queue from Paris to Lisbon crosses the location.
• It reaches the Portuguese frontier at Fuentes de Onoro in Salamanca.
The important railway junctions are:
– Astorga
– Burgos
– Leon
– Miranda de Ebro
– Palencia
– Ponferrada
– Medina del Campo
– Valladolid
• Railways operate in a number of different gauges:
– Iberian gauge
– UIC gauge
– Narrow gauge
• Aside from some narrow-gauge lines, trains are operated by RENFE.
• They run on lines that are maintained with the Administrador de Infraestructuras Ferroviarias (ADIF).
• These two are national and state-owned companies.

3. By Road

• Castile and Leon is the hub of land transport for northern Spain.
• The International E-roads E80 and E05 cross them.
• It provides highway connections from Portugal and the south of Spain which are important all over Europe.
The region is also crossed by two major ancient routes:
The clear way of St. James
– a World Heritage Site
– a hiking trail
– a motorway, from east to west
The Roman via de la Plata
– South mining
– A primary road throughout the west of the region.

Some Travel Books on Spain

Rick Steves’ Spain 2013 Lonely Planet Spain Spain…A Culinary Road Trip

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

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Blogs/Sites about Castilla y leon – Spain

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Images and photos about Castilla y leon – Spain

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Videos about Castilla y leon – Spain

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