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Travel – Castilla y leon – Spain – Part 1




• Castile and Leon is an autonomous community in north-western Spain.
• It was constituted in 1983.
• It also comprises the historical aspects of Leon and Old Castile.
• It is the largest autonomous community vacation.
• It covers a space of 94,223 meters.
• It has an official population close to 2.5 million.

Regional Administration and Government

Provinces of Castile and Leon
Castile and Leon is divided into 9 provinces:
– Avila
– Burgos
– Leon
– Palencia
– Salamanca
– Segovia
– Soria
– Valladolid
– Zamora
• The organic law of Castile and Leon is the region’s Statute of Autonomy.
• This was under the Spanish Constitution of 1978.
• The statute infers the basic laws of the region.
• It sets a list of essential values and symbols for people living in Castile and Leon. They are like:
– Their linguistic patrimony
– Historic patrimony
– Artistic patrimony
– Natural patrimony
• The language of this place is the Castilian language, which English speakers commonly refer to as Spanish, as well as Leonese and Galician.
• Other symbols alluded to are:
– The coat of arms
– Flag
– Banner
– Regional anthem
• April 23 is designated as Castile and Leon Day.
• The comuneros at the Battle of Villalar were defeated. This defeat took place in 1521.
• It was during the Revolt of the Comuneros.
• Castile and Leon is bordered with:
– Portugal to the west
– Galicia, Asturias and Cantabria in the north.
– Aragon, the Basque Country and La Rioja is bordered on the east.
– On the south is Madrid and Castile-La Mancha .
– Extremadura in the south west.
• Castile and Leon is in the Meseta Central.
• This is a plateau in the middle of the northern half of the Iberian Peninsula.
• This is the Spanish part of the Douro River basin.
• The secluded mountain valleys are:
– El Bierzo (Leon)
– Laciana (Leon)
– Valle de Mena (Burgos)
– Valle del Tietar (Avila)
• There are also some from neighboring valleys and stretches.

Lakes and Reservoirs

• Besides these rivers, the Douro basin also has a great number of lakes and lagoons. They are such as:
– Laguna Negra, in the Picos de Urbión
– Laguna Grande in Gredos
– Sanabria Lake in Zamora
– Laguna de la Nava in Palencia
• There are a number of reservoirs.
• These are supplied with water by snows and rains in the mountains along with the glacial melt water.
• This place has relatively little rainfall.
• Castile and Leon holds the Spain’s largest quantities of water in its reserve.

Tourism in Castilla y leon

Castile and Leon has many castles. They are:
• Alcazar of Segovia
• Castle of Almenar de Soria
• Castle of Ampudia
• Castle of Arenas de San Pedro
• Castle of Arevalo
• Castle of Bonilla de la Sierra
• Castle of Burgos
• Castle of Henry II of Castile
• Castle of Castilnovo
• Castle of Coca
• Cornatel Castle
• Cuellar Castle
• Castle of Aguilar de Campoo
• Castle of El Barco de Avila
• Gormaz Castle
• Castle of Fuensaldana
• Castle of La Adrada
• Castle of Íscar
• Castle of La Mota
• Castle of Miranda de Ebro
• Castle of Mironcillo
• Castle of Monleon
• Castle of Montealegre de Campos
• Penafiel Castle
• Castle of Ponferrada
• Castillo de Portillo
• Castle of Puebla de Sanabria
• Castle of Puente del Congosto
• Castle of Simancas
• Torrelobaton Castle
• Castle of Turegano
• Castle of Fuentes de Valdepero
• Castle of Villaviciosa
• Castle of Zamora

Best time to visit/climate

• Castile and Leon features a continental Mediterranean climate.
• This is the Mediterranean climate which has a marked character of the continental climate.
• The continental Mediterranean climate is similar to a standard Mediterranean climate.
• The temperatures are more extreme and typical of a continental climate.
• Winters are long and cold.
• They have average temperatures between 4 °C and 7 °C in January.
• Summers are short and hot.
• The temperature is between 19 °C and 22 °C.
• Rain averages only 450 millimeters to 500 millimeters annually.
• This is mostly inside lower altitudes.

Location on Google Maps


View Larger Map

Or click and paste the URL below on the browser:
http://maps.google.co.in/maps?q=Castilla+y+leon+-+Spain&ie=UTF8&hnear=Castile+and+Le%C3%B3n,+Spain&gl=in&t=m&z=7

How to get there?

1. By Air
• The Valladolid airport of Villanubla handles both domestic and international traffic.
• The Leon Airport which is also called Virgen del Camino, offers only domestic traffic at present.
• It hopes to handle international traffic in the future.
• Salamanca Airport, also known as Matacán, offers domestic flights and international charter flights.
• The Burgos Airport, often known as Villafria, opened in July 2008.
• Madrid’s main airport Barajas is nearby too.
• Matacán and Virgen del Camino are among Europe’s leaders regarding recent development of air traffic.
• Villanubla is experiencing lesser expansion of about 3 percent annually.

2. By Rail
• Castile and Leon comes with a extensive rail network.
• There are principal lines from Madrid to Cantabria and Galicia.
• The queue from Paris to Lisbon crosses the location.
• It reaches the Portuguese frontier at Fuentes de Onoro in Salamanca.
The important railway junctions are:
– Astorga
– Burgos
– Leon
– Miranda de Ebro
– Palencia
– Ponferrada
– Medina del Campo
– Valladolid
• Railways operate in a number of different gauges:
– Iberian gauge
– UIC gauge
– Narrow gauge
• Aside from some narrow-gauge lines, trains are operated by RENFE.
• They run on lines that are maintained with the Administrador de Infraestructuras Ferroviarias (ADIF).
• These two are national and state-owned companies.

3. By Road

• Castile and Leon is the hub of land transport for northern Spain.
• The International E-roads E80 and E05 cross them.
• It provides highway connections from Portugal and the south of Spain which are important all over Europe.
The region is also crossed by two major ancient routes:
The clear way of St. James
– a World Heritage Site
– a hiking trail
– a motorway, from east to west
The Roman via de la Plata
– South mining
– A primary road throughout the west of the region.

Some Travel Books on Spain

Rick Steves’ Spain 2013 Lonely Planet Spain Spain…A Culinary Road Trip

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at tripadvisor.com
Hotels at venere.com
Hotels at hotels.com
Hotels at booking.com

Blogs/Sites about Castilla y leon – Spain

blogs at spain.info
blogs at lonelyplanet.com
blogs at wikipedia.org
blogs and reviews at tripadvisor.com

Images and photos about Castilla y leon – Spain

images at spain.info
images at lonelyplanet.com
images at wikipedia.org
images at google.com

Videos about Castilla y leon – Spain





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