July 2013
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Travel – Salamanca – Spain – Part 1

Salamanca is actually a city in northwestern Spain.

Overview of Salamanca

• This is the main city in Salamanca province.
• It is located in the community of Castile and Leon.
• In 1988, its Old City was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
• Salamanca is the second most populated urban area in Castile and Leon.
• It comes after Valladolid and before Leon and Burgos.
• It is the most critical city of university in Spain.
• It provides 16% of Spain’s industry for teaching the Spanish language.
• Salamanca attracts a large number of international students.
• It generates a diverse environment.
• It is located around 200 km to the west on the Spanish capital Madrid.
• It is about 80 km to the east in the Portuguese border.
• The University of Salamanca was founded in 1218.
• This is the oldest university in Spain.
• It is also the third oldest western university.
• It was first given its status through the Pope Alexander IV who gave universal validity to its degrees.
• It consists of 30,000 students.
• This university is also included in tourism.
• It is a primary source of income in Salamanca.
• This Town lies upon several hills.
• The Tormes River of this town can be crossed by a bridge.
• This bridge is about 150 m long built on 26 arches.
• 15 of them are of Roman origin.
• It is a 16th-century reconstruction at present since original was lost in a flood.

Economy of Salamanca

• The city’s economy is dominated by the university and tourism.
• Other sectors include:
– agriculture
– livestock rearing
– construction
– manufacturing

Agriculture and Livestock rearing
• The 125 agricultural sector businesses taken into account 839 workers in 2007.

• Industrial activity taken into account 5% with the working population.
• About 3,340 workers were employed over 360 businesses.

In 1988, the Old City of Salamanca was given a status of World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Sights within Old Quarter

Squares and Public spaces
• In 1905, the city hall of Salamanca was founded which is located near the terrace of the Cafe Novelty.
• Plaza Mayor
• Convento de San Esteban (16th century)
• Façade of the church of La Clerecia.
• Convento de las Agustinas e Iglesia de la Purisima.
• Colegio Mayor de Santiago el Zebedeo (old Irish College).
• Colegio de San Ambrosio, is the General Archive of the Spanish Civil War at present
• Palacio de Anaya
• Casa de las Conchas (House of the Shells)
• La Salina Palace

La Plaza Mayor
• This is created in Baroque style.
• It is designed by architects Alberto and Nicolas Churriguera.
• It is prominent in public spaces and the heart of the city.

Campo de San Francisco
• It is the first public garden in the city which was laid on the grounds of earlier convent of San Francisco Real.

Huerto de Calisto y Melibea
• This is a garden near to the cathedrals.
• Some say, lays the plot of the novel La Celestina by Fernando de Rojas.
• There are remains of the Roman Walls beside this.

Plaza del Corrillo
• This is a small square adjacent to the Plaza Mayor.
• On the left, is the Romanesque church of San Martin.
• On the right, there are a series of houses with porches.
• These are formed by columns of stone that are completed in pads.
• They represent the days of the week.

Religious Buildings in Salamanca

Capilla de la Vera Cruz
• Baroque church with Renaissance facade.
• Headquarters of the five hundred-year-old Brotherhood of the Vera Cruz of Salamanca.
• It houses countless works of art.

Cathedrals : Salamanca has two cathedrals
• The Old Cathedral belongs to 12th century. It is constructed in Romanesque style
• The New Cathedral which is much larger is constructed in 16th century. It belongs to the Gothic style. It was finished in 18th century.
• The place where they both join is known as Patio Chico.
• It is one of the most charming corners of the city.

• La Clerecía
• Colegio de Calatrava
• Convento de las Agustinas e Iglesia de la Purisima
• Convento de las Dueñas
• Convento de las Isabeles
• Convento de San Antonio el Real (1736)
• Convento de San Esteban, of the Dominican friars (16th century)
• Convento de la Anunciación (Calle de las Ursulas)
• Convento de la Trinidad
• Monasterio de Nuestra Senora de la Victoria
• Ermita de Nuestra Señora de la Misericordia (16th-17th centuries)
• Antigua Iglesia de las Bernardas work by Rodrigo Gil de Hontañón
• Iglesia del Carmen de Abajo
• Iglesia de San Benito
• Iglesia de San Julian
• Iglesia de San Marcos
• Iglesia de San Martin
• Iglesia de San Pablo
• Iglesia de Santo Tomás Cantuariense

Best time to visit / climate

• Salamanca’s climate is Continental Mediterranean.
• It has cold winters and hot summers.
• Salamanca is located in Castile and leon.
• Castile and Leon features a continental Mediterranean climate.
• This is the Mediterranean climate which has a marked character of the continental climate.
• The continental Mediterranean climate is similar to a standard Mediterranean climate.
• The temperatures are more extreme and typical of a continental climate.
• Winters are long and cold.
• They have average temperatures between 4 °C and 7 °C in January.
• Summers are short and hot.
• The temperature is between 19 °C and 22 °C.
• Rain averages only 450 milli-metres to 500 milli-metres annually.
• This is mostly inside lower altitudes.

Location on Google Maps

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How to get there?

1. By plane
• Salamanca has no international airport.
• They do have regular flights from Barcelona with Air Nostrum.
Ryan Air flies to Valladolid from:
– Brussels
– Milan
– London’s Stansted airport
• Salamanca can be reached from there in a 1.5 hour bus ride.

2. By train
• Trains connect the town with Madrid and Portugal with Renfe.

3. By bus
• Buses run frequently to Madrid with Auto-res.
• It is about 200 km away.

Some Travel Books on Via de la plata Route – Spain

Rick Steves’ Spain 2013 Lonely Planet Spain Spain…A Culinary Road Trip

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at tripadvisor.com
Hotels at wikitravel.org
Hotels at hotels.com
Hotels at booking.com

Blogs / Sites about Salamanca – Spain

blogs at spain.info
blogs at salamanca.es
blogs at wikipedia.org
blogs and reviews at tripadvisor.com

Images and photos about Salamanca – Spain

images at spain.info
images at salamanca.es
images at wikipedia.org
images at google.com

Videos of Salamanca – Spain

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