June 2013
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Travel – Plitvice Lakes National Park – Part 2

Plitvice National Park in Croatia is regarded as one of the most beautiful natural sights in Europe.

Landscape of Plitvice National Park

• The lakes are situated in the eponymous Plitvice plateau.
• This is related to the mountains of Li?ka Plješevica, Mala Kapela and Medve?ak.
• The sixteen lakes are divided into an upper and lower cluster.
• They’re formed by runoff in the mountains.
• They descend from an altitude of 636 m to 503 m thus spanning a distance of approximately eight km.
• They are aligned in a south-north direction.
• The lakes collectively cover a space around two km².
• Water exits on the lower lake to make the Korana River.
• The Plitvice Lakes consist a basin of caustic rock.
• It can be mainly dolomite and limestone.
• It has given rise for their most distinctive feature.
• The lakes are separated by natural dams of travertine.
• They are deposited through the activity of moss, algae and bacteria.
• The encrusted plants and bacteria accumulate over the other.
• They form travertine barriers.
• They grow at the rate of about 1 cm a year.
• The lakes are renowned with regards to distinctive colors.
• They range between azure to green, gray or blue.
• The lakes are divided into the 12 Upper Lakes along with the four Lower Lakes.

Nature of Plitvice National Park

• The Plitvice Lakes national park is heavily forested. They’re formed with:
– Beech
– Spruce
– Fir trees
– Features a blend of Alpine and Mediterranean vegetation.
• It possesses a great notably wide variety of plant communities.
• This is an automobile variety of:
– Microclimates
– Differing soils
– Varying numbers of altitude.
– Areas are also discovering an incredibly wide selection of animal and bird species.
• Rare fauna are simply like:
– The European Ursus arctos
– Wolf
– Eagle
– Owl
– Lynx
– Wild cat
– Capercaillie
• At the least 126 varieties of birds are recorded there.
• Plitvice Lakes National Park is the most amazing natural wonder in Croatia.
• There are numerous waterfalls.
• A group of wildlife can be seen. This includes:
– Fish
– Frogs
– Various bird species
• Special attractions at Plitvice are:
– Veliki Splat, one hundred foot waterfall in the middle of nearby boulders.
– A sizable waterfall complex that may be accessed via a subsidence that is encompassing rock face.
• The principle attraction is obviously the hiking and walking in your community.
• Keep in mind that swimming just isn’t allowed any place in the park.

Flora and Fauna in Plitvice Lakes National Park

• This national park is heavily forested with:
– Beech
– Spruce
– Fir trees
• Includes a combined Alpine and Mediterranean vegetation.
• Wide selection of plant communities.
• This can be because of array of micro climates, differing soils and varying numbers of altitude.
• Scientists have thus far listed 1,267 different plants of which 109 species might be throughout the location of the national park.
• 75 plants are endemic.
• In the national park area, 55 different types of orchids can be located.

• The spot of the national park hosts an exceptionally wide variety of animal and bird species. For example:
– European Ursus arctos
– Wolf
– Eagle
– Owl
– Lynx
– Wild cat
– Capercaillie
– Wild brown bears
– Wolves
• The rich fauna from the Plitvice Lakes is usually summarized as follows:
– All together, there exist about 50 types of mammals.
– At the moment, scientists have realized 321 different types of butterflies.
– Out of which 176 are known as day-flying butterflies.
– 245 of these butterflies are known as nocturnal moths.
– Scientists, however, estimate that until recently only about 40 percent with the whole population of butterflies may be ascertained.
• Furthermore, 12 amphibian species, in addition to some species of reptiles are seen. They may be:
– The viviparous lizard (Lacerta vivipara)
– The ecu Lacerta viridis (Lacerta viridis)
– The dice snake (Natrix tesselata)
– Vipera berus
– Vipera ammodytes
– The eu pond turtle (Emys orbicularis)

• The Plitvice Lakes rank third among other Croatian national parks.
• So far, 157 species are counted.
• 70 are already recorded as breeding there.
• The Plitvice Lakes may also be where you can find many forms of bats.
• Recent findings list about 20 kinds of bat species which includes the rare species of Plecotus.

Samples of some animals which exist from the national park:
– Lynx (Lynx lynx)
– Ursus arctos (Ursus arctos)
– Wolf (Canis lupus)
– Eurasian Eagle-owl (Bubo bubo)
– European Polecat (Mustela putorius)
– Aquila chrysaetos (Aquila chrysaetos)
– Alpine Newt (Triturus alpestris)
– White-throated Dipper (Cinclus cinclus)
– European pond turtle (Emys orbicularis)

Best time to visit/climate

• On average, the annual precipitation rate at the Plitvice Lakes is 1,500 mm (59.06 in).
• Usually, in spring and fall the largest rain quantities are measured.
• The average relative air humidity is 81.8 percent. In January, the average temperature is 2.2 °C.
• During the summer months of July and August, the temperature rises to 17.4 °C.
• The general average annual temperature is 7.9 °C.
• Snow falls from November until March.
• Usually, the lakes are frozen during December and January.
• The water temperature at the springs is usually below 10 °C.
• Within the rivers and lakes, the water temperature rises up to 20 °C.

Location on Google Maps

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How to get there?

• Buses between Zagreb and Zadar or Split will stop with the entrance towards the National Park in case you ask the driving force beforehand.
• Cost from Zadar is 83 kn and from Zagreb is 92kn.
• Keep in mind that buses in Croatia often tend not to run on time.

Some Travel Books on Croatia

Rick Steves’ Croatia and Slovenia National Geographic Traveler: Croatia DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: Croatia

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at tripadvisor.com
Hotels at wikitravel.org
Hotels at hostelbookers.com
Hotels at booking.com

Blogs/Sites about Plitvice Lakes National Park

blogs at wikitravel.org
blogs at karlovy-vary.cz
blogs at lonelyplanet.com
blogs and reviews at tripadvisor.com

Images and photos about Plitvice Lakes National Park

images at wikitravel.org
images at lonelyplanet.com
images at wikipedia.org
images at google.com

Videos about Plitvice Lakes National Park

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