June 2013
« May   Jul »

Travel – Plitvice Lakes National Park – Part 1

Plitvice National Park in Croatia is regarded as one of the most beautiful natural sights in Europe.

Overview of Plitvice National Park

• It is just a host to pure beauty and significance.
• This park is of 16 interlinked lakes and also a large forest complex around it.
• In 1979, this park was inscribed about the UNESCO World Heritage List.
• Plitvice Lakes National Park is the oldest national park present in Southeast Europe.
• It is also the largest national park in Croatia.
• The national park was established in 1949.
• It is situated in the mountainous coast division of central Croatia.
• This is on the border with Bosnia and Herzegovina.
• The top north-south road connection passes throughout the national park area.
• It joins the Croatian inland with the Adriatic coastal region.
• The protected area extends over 296.85 meters.
• About 90 percent with this area are sections of Lika-Senj County, while remaining ten percent are a part of Karlovac County.
• In 1979, Plitvice Lakes National Park was enrolled as UNESCO World Heritage register.
• It is among the first natural sites in the worldwide.
• On a yearly basis, more than 1,200,000 visitors are recorded.
• Entrance is subject to variable charges.
• This is around 110 Kuna or around $18USD per adult in peak season.
• Strict regulations apply.

Features of Plitvice Lakes National Park

• The national park is world famous to its lakes arranged in cascades.
• Currently, 16 lakes are seen on the surface.
• These lakes are due to the confluence of several small rivers and subterranean coast rivers.
• The lakes are commonly interconnected and stick to the discharge.
• These are separated by natural dams of travertine.
• It really is deposited because of the activity of moss, algae and bacteria.
• The particularly sensitive travertine barriers would be the result of the interplay between water, air and plants.
• The encrusted plants and bacteria accumulate in addition to the other.
• They form travertine barriers which arise for the rate of about 1 cm a year.
• The sixteen lakes are divided into a maximum reducing cluster.
• They’re formed by runoff in the mountains.
• They descend from a height of 636 to 503 m more than a distance of close to eight km.
• They’re aligned in the south-north direction.
• The lakes collectively cover a location about two square kilometers.
• This has the water exiting from the lowest lake which forms the Korana River.
• The lakes are renowned for distinctive colors, including azure, green, gray or blue.
• The colors change constantly depending on the variety of minerals or organisms in water plus the angle of sunlight.
• Though there are different climatic influences as well as the large difference in elevation from the protected area there is a multifaceted plant life and animals have been created.
• The nation’s park area houses many endemic species.
• Those species that prevailed in the lakes prior to in habitation by humans still exist.

History of Plitvice Lakes National Park

• This Plitvice Lakes area was inhabited by humans for many years.
• It has been settled consequently by:
– Illyrians
– Thracians
– Celts
– Japods
– Romans
– Avars
– Slavs
– Turks
• In 1528, areas fell towards Ottomans before being retaken with the Austrian Empire 150 years later.
• The Austrians subsequently incorporated it inside their Military Frontier.
• The Plitvice Lakes had turned into a major tourist attraction from the late 19th century.
• The initial hotel was built there in 1896.
• Since 1893 it already a conservation committee.
• Here is the predecessor of today’s national park authority.
• The communist government of Yugoslavia, in 1949, nationalized the lakes.
• They made this a national park.
• In 1979, the park was honored to be in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
• It really is recognized for its “outstanding pure beauty, along with the undisturbed production of travertine through chemical and biological action”.
• The park soon became one among Yugoslavia’s most in-demand sightseeing attractions.
• However, in March 1991 it took over as the scene on the Plitvice Lakes incident.
• This is the first armed confrontation in the Croatian War of Independence that triggered fatalities.
• The Republic of Serbian Krajina held this park through the conflict.
• It suffered some damage in the operation, with hotels as well as other facilities being utilized as barracks.
• At auto-camp Grabovac there was massacre of civilians because of the Yugoslav Army in September of 1991.
• It had been retaken with the Croatian Army in August 1995 during Operation Storm.
• This ended the Croatian war.
• The war led UNESCO to feature the park to its List of World Heritage in Danger.
• A result of the economic incredible importance of the park, the Croatian government managed to get a high priority for its de-mining efforts.
• In December 1998 UNESCO recognized the park’s newly mine-free status by removing it in the directory endangered sites.
• However, the surrounding Plitvice municipality away from park boundary still has some difficulty with mine contamination.

• A ticket is necessary to enter the park.
• You will find ticket offices about the paths while you enter the park.
• The tickets also entitle one to free travel on the boats which operate on the lakes.
• The cost of a non-student ticket is 110 KN.
• An ISIC student card is needed to have a student discount.

Best time to visit/climate

• On average, the annual precipitation rate at the Plitvice Lakes is 1,500 mm (59.06 in).
• Usually, in spring and fall the largest rain quantities are measured.
• The average relative air humidity is 81.8 percent. In January, the average temperature is 2.2 °C.
• During the summer months of July and August, the temperature rises to 17.4 °C.
• The general average annual temperature is 7.9 °C.
• Snow falls from November until March.
• Usually, the lakes are frozen during December and January.
• The water temperature at the springs is usually below 10 °C.
• Within the rivers and lakes, the water temperature rises up to 20 °C.

Location on Google Maps

View Larger Map
Or click and paste the URL below on the browser:

How to get there?

• Buses between Zagreb and Zadar or Split will stop with the entrance towards the National Park in case you ask the driving force beforehand.
• Cost from Zadar is 83 kn and from Zagreb is 92kn.
• Keep in mind that buses in Croatia often tend not to run on time.

Some Travel Books on Croatia

Rick Steves’ Croatia and Slovenia National Geographic Traveler: Croatia DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: Croatia

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at tripadvisor.com
Hotels at wikitravel.org
Hotels at hostelbookers.com
Hotels at booking.com

Blogs/Sites about Plitvice Lakes National Park

blogs at wikitravel.org
blogs at karlovy-vary.cz
blogs at lonelyplanet.com
blogs and reviews at tripadvisor.com

Images and photos about Plitvice Lakes National Park

images at wikitravel.org
images at lonelyplanet.com
images at wikipedia.org
images at google.com

Videos about Plitvice Lakes National Park

Leave a Reply

You can use these HTML tags

<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>