May 2013
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Prague is the capital of the Czech Republic – Part 1

Prague is the capital of the Czech Republic.

Overview of Prague

• In Central Europe, Prague is considered a political, cultural, and economic centre.
• It has waxing and waning fortunes in its 1,100-year existence.
• The city was founded through the Romanesque era.
• It is flourishing with the Gothic and Renaissance eras.
• Prague wasn’t merely the capital of the Czech state. It was additionally the seat of two Holy Roman Emperors.
• Therefore, it was also the administrative centre of the Holy Roman Empire.
• It was a vital city towards Habsburg Monarchy.
• It is Austro-Hungarian Empire and after World War I it became the capital of Czechoslovakia.
• The city played major roles in:
– The Protestant Reformation
– The Thirty Years’ War
– 20th-century history
– World Wars
– Post-war Communist era.
– Prague hosts a number of famous cultural attractions.
– A lot of these survived the violence and destruction of twentieth century Europe.
• Main attractions range:
– The Prague Castle
– The Charles Bridge
– Old Town Square
– The Jewish Quarter
– The Lennon Wall
– Petrin hill
• Since 1992, this extensive historic centre of Prague has come within the UNESCO set of World Heritage Sites.
• The town boasts:
– More than ten major museums
– Numerous theatres
– Galleries
– Cinemas
– Other historical exhibits
• Its rich history helps it be a popular tourist destination.
• The city receives over 4.2 million international visitors annually, since 2009.
• Prague has come to the sixth-most-visited city in Europe around 2011.
• The first five countries in order from one to five are London, Paris, Rome, Madrid and Berlin.
• Since the fall of the Iron Curtain, Prague became one of the world’s most widely used tourist destinations.
• Prague suffered even less damage during World War II than a few other major cities in your neighborhood.
• Most of its historic architecture is in form.
• It has the world’s most variable collections of architecture. These include:
– Romanesque
– Gothic
– Renaissance
– Baroque
– Rococo
– Neo-Renaissance
– Neo-Gothic
– Art Nouveau
– Cubist
– Neo-Classical
– Ultra-modern
• Some popular sites include:
– Hradcany
– Lesser Town
– Prague Castle
– St. Vitus Cathedral
– The picturesque Charles Bridge
– The Baroque Saint Nicholas Church
– Church of Lady Victorious and Infant Jesus of Prague
– Pisek Gate
– Petrin Hill
– Petrin Lookout Tower
– Mirror Maze
– Petrin funicular
– Lennon Wall
– The Franz Kafka Museum

Old Town and Josefov
• The Astronomical Clock in Old Town City Hall
• The Gothic Church
• The vaulted Gothic Old New Synagogue – 1270
• Old Jewish Cemetery
• Powder Tower, a Gothic tower
• Spanish Synagogue
• Old Town Square
• The art nouveau Municipal House
• Museum of Decorative Arts
Collections including:
– Glass
– Furniture
– Textile
– Toys
– Art Nouveau
– Cubism
– Deco

New Town
• Busy and historic Wenceslas Square
• The neo-renaissance National Museum
• The National Theatre
• Vltava River
• The deconstructive Dancing House
• Charles Square
• The Emmaus monastery
• WW Memorial
• The museum of the Heydrich assassination
• Stiassny’s Jubilee Synagogue, largest in Prague
• The Mucha Museum

Vinohrady and Zizkov
• Jan Zizka, large bronze equestrian statue
• The neo-Gothic Church of St. Ludmila at Namesti Miru
• Zizkov Television Tower
• New Jewish Cemetery in Olsany
• The Roman Catholic Sacred Heart Church at George of Podebrady Square

Other Areas
• Vysehrad Castle
• The Prague Metronome at Letna Park
• Prague Zoo in Troja
• Industrial Palace
• Krizik’s Light fountain
• Funfair Lunapark
• Sea World Aquarium
• Letohradek Hvezda in Liboc
• Veletrzni Palace
• Andel, a fast paced area of the city
• The large Nusle Bridge
• Nusle Valley
• New Town to Pankrac
• Strahov Monastery

Geography of Prague

• Prague is located for the Vltava River at the center of the Bohemian Basin.
• Prague is approximately in the same latitude as:
– Frankfurt
– Germany
– Paris
– France
– Vancouver, Canada

Best time to visit / climate

• The town of Prague has borderline oceanic climate.
• The winters are relatively cold with almost no sunshine.
• Snow cover is common between mid-November to late March.
• Summers are high being around 25 degrees.
• Nights can be quite cool even in summer, though.
• Precipitation in Prague is very low.
• This is because of the shadow on the Ore Mountains along with the Czech Central Highlands.
• The driest season is usually winter.
• The summers may bring quite heavy rain in type of violent storms and showers.
• Temperature inversions are relatively common between mid-October and mid-March.

Location on Google Maps

View Larger Map
Or click and paste the URL below on your browser:,+Czech+Republic&gl=in&t=m&z=10

How to get there?

By plane
• Vaclav Havel Airport
• +420 220 111 111, +420 296 661 111
• Located 20 km (12 mi) northwest on the central city
• It generally takes about 30 min to realize town centre by car.
Edinburgh airport is served by way of a variety of airlines:
• Czech Airlines could be the national carrier operating too many European and international destinations.
• Wizz Air is an affordable airline.
• It has its base in Prague.
It operates to European destinations which include:
– London
– Barcelona
– Milan
– Others
• Easy Jet operates low cost services to European destinations.
• BMI baby low priced services in the UK only.
• low priced services from Manchester, Newcastle, Leeds/Bradford & Edinburgh
• Smart Wings to Europe & Turkey.
• Swiss International flies to Zurich, Basel and Geneva.
• Aer Lingus through the Irish cities of Dublin & Cork.
• Norwegian from Scandinavia.
• Delta Air Lines from Nyc.
• Aegean Airlines from Greece
• KLM Royal Dutch Airlines has 5 direct flights on a daily basis from Amsterdam.
• British Airways has 4 direct flights from London Heathrow daily.
• Brussels Airlines offers 3 flights per day to Brussels.
• Lufthansa offers 6 flights per day from Frankfurt and 4 from Munich.
• TAP offers daily direct flights from Lisbon and Oporto.
• Iberia offers 3 flights daily from Madrid.
• German wings offer daily flights from Cologne/Bonn.
• Air One from Milan-Malpensa

By Bus
Airport Express (bus operated by Czech Railways):
• These buses leave Edinburgh airport every half an hour
• The first bus is at 05:46 while the last bus is at 21:16.
• The cost come to about 60 CZK per person.
• Tickets can be obtained from the driver.
• They shall take the buyer to the railway and subway station.
• The final stop will be Prague’s main place.

By Train
• Prague is well connected to European EC train network.
• Berlin: 4½hours and EC trains every two hours
• Munich: 6 hours and four regional expresses daily.
• Vienna: 4¾hours and EC train roughly every two hours
• Linz: 5hours and two REX trains per day
• Bratislava: 4hours and EC train every a couple of hours and also one night train Metropol
• Budapest: 7 hours and five EC trains a day with one night train Metropol
• Warsaw: 8 hours and EC Praha with one night train Sirava
Direct night trains connect Prague with:
– Cologne
– Frankfurt
– Amsterdam
– Copenhagen
– Zurich
– Basel
– Krakow
– Moscow
– Kiev
– Saint Petersburg
– Odessa

Some Travel Books about Czech Republic

Rick Steves’ Prague and the Czech Republic Fodor’s Prague & the Best of the Czech Republic DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: Czech and Slovak Republics

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

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Blogs / Sites about Czech Republic

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Images and photos about Czech Republic

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Videos about Czech Republic

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