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Kimberley – capital of the Northern Cape Province of South Africa – Part 1




Kimberley is the capital of the province of Northern Cape in South Africa.

Overview of Kimberley

• It is located approx 110 km east of the merger of the Vaal and Orange Rivers.
• The city has historical significance primarily because of its past related to diamond mining and also for a siege during the Second Boer War.
• This is due its diamond mining past and the siege during the Second Boer War.
• Kimberley’s water source is the Vaal River at Riverton, located at a distance of 15 km north of the city.

Districts/Suburbs/Townships of Kimberley

• Albertynshof
• Ashburnham
• Beaconsfield
• Belgravia
• Carters Glen
• Cassandra
• Colville
• De Beers
• Diamant Park
• Du Toit’s Pan
• El Torro Park
• Ernestville
• Floors/Florianville
• Galeshewe incl “Old No 2”
• Gemdene
• Greenpoint
• Greenside
• Hadison Park
• Herlear
• Heuwelsig
• Hill Crest
• Homelite
• Homestead
• Homevale
• Kenilworth
• Kestellhof
• Kimberley North
• Kirstenhof
• Klisserville
• Labram
• Lindene
• Malay Camp
• Minerva Gardens
• Mint Village
• Moghul Park
• Monument Heights
• Newton
• New Park
• Platfontein
• Rhodesdene
• Riviera
• Roodepan/Pescodia
• Royldene
• Roylglen
• Southridge
• Squarehill Park
• Vergenoeg
• Verwoerd Park
• West End

Landscapes, urban and rural in Kimberley

• Kimberley is set in a relatively flat landscape.
• There are no prominent topographic features.
• The only “hills” are debris dumps over a century of diamond mining.
• The mine dumps near the Big Hole has been proclaimed as heritage features.
• They are preserved as part of the historic industrial landscape of Kimberley.
• Shallow pans formed in the plains.
• One of Kimberley’s famous features is Kamfers Dam.
• This is a large pan to the north of the city.
• This pan is an important wetland.
• It supports a breeding colony of Lesser Flamingos.

Museums, Momuments and Memorials in Kimberley

• The William Humphreys Art Gallery
• The Kimberley Africana Library.
• Dunluce and Rudd House Museums.
• Robert Sobukwe’s Law Office
• Transport Spoornet Museum
• Clyde N. Terry Hall of Militaria

1. The McGregor Museum
• It has celebrated its centennial in 2007.
• There are curates and major research collections.
• There is information about the history and ecology of the Northern Cape.
• All these are reflected in displays at the museum’s headquarters at the Sanatorium in Belgravia.
• They are also present in the nine branch museums.

2. Pioneers of Aviation Museum
• South Africa’s first flying school opened at Kimberley, in 1913.
• They started training the pilots of the South African Aviation Corps.
• They later became the South African Air Force.
• The museum is situated on the site of that flying school.
• It houses a replica of a Compton Paterson biplane.
• This was one of the first aircraft to be used for flight training.
• The first female on the African continent to receive her pilot’s license was Ann Maria Bocciarelli.
• She was trained at this facility.

3. The Sol Plaatje Museum
• It is located in the house where Sol Plaatje lived and wrote Mhudi.

4. Freddie Tate Museum
• This museum is located on the outskirts of Kimberley, on the Barkly West Road.
• There is also the Wildebeest Kuil Rock Art Center, as well as Nooitgedacht Glacial Pavements.
• To the south of the city is the Magersfontein Battlefield Museum.
• Blockhouses can be seen at Modder River.

Best time to visit / climate

• The climate is mostly dry to semi-dry
• Average rainfall in the province is around 202 mm per annum, with very few places in the province actually receiving rainfall more than 400 mm per annum.
• The quantum of rainfall is more as you move from west to east, with the average being from 20 mm (0.79 in) to a maximum of 540 mm (21 in) per year.
• Rainfall falls in the west more in winter, while in contrast, summer thunderstorms provide most of the rainfall in the east.
• Some of the regions can be very hot, and the Namibian border experiences the most heat with summer maximum being as much as 40 °C (104 °F).
• In contrast, winters are typically cold and frosty.
• Out of the regions, the southern areas can be bitterly cold, such as Sutherland. Sutherland, during winter, receives snow, and temperatures can go low, below 10 °C.
• Average temperatures for summer and winter:
• Kimberley: January maximum: 33 °C (min: 18 °C), June maximum: 18 °C (min: 3 °C)
• Springbok: January maximum: 30 °C (min: 15 °C), July maximum: 17 °C (min: 7 °C)
• Sutherland: January maximum: 27 °C (min: 9 °C), July maximum: 13 °C (min: -3 °C)

Location on Google Maps


View Larger Map

How to get there?

To reach Kimberly
1. By road
• The N12 is the connection between Kimberley and Johannesburg (about 500km to the north-east); and between Kimberley and Cape Town (about 1000km to the south-west).
• Similarly, the N8 connects Kimberley with Bloemfontein (about 160km to the east); and connects Kimberley and Upington (about 400km to the west).
• Kimberley is connected by bus services to and from most parts of the country.

Distances
• Kimberley – Bloemfontein (Judicial Capital): 160km
• Kimberley – Upington: 402km
• Kimberley – Johannesburg: 480km
• Kimberley – Pretoria (Administrative Capital): 535km
• Kimberley – East London: 720km
• Kimberley – Port Elizabeth: 800km
• Kimberley – Durban: 800km
• Kimberley – Cape Town (Legislative Capital): 960km

By Air:
Kimberley Airport is the airport providing air access with flights to some of South Africa’s major cities being available through South African Airways.

By Rail:
The train station is located in Quinn Street; located to the east of the city center.
As part of train connectivity, Spoornet has regular inter-city trains to
• Cape Town
• Johannesburg
• Bloemfontein
• Pietermaritzburg
• Durban
• Mafikeng
In addition, by going through Bloemfontein, train connectivity is also available to Port Elizabeth, Grahamstown and East London.

How to To reach Northern Cape?

By Car
The Northern Cape Province is well connected through many national roads.
• The N1 is between Cape Town and Gauteng, passing through the south-eastern edge of Northern Cape and Bloemfontein.
• The N7 is between the Western Cape and Cape Town, going through Springbok and up north to Namibia.
• The N8 is between Upington, going through Kimberley and Bloemfontein, and then onto Maseru Bridge.
• The N10 is between the Namibian border to Upington and then to Port Elizabeth in the Eastern Cape.
• The N12 is between George (located in the Western Cape) to Gauteng, passing through Kimberley.
• The N14 is between Springbok, going to Upington, going onto Johannesburg and Pretoria in Gauteng.

By Plane
Both Upington Airport and Kimberley Airport have flights to some of the major cities in South Africa that are operated by South African Airways.

Some Travel Books on South Africa

South Africa South Africa – Culture Smart!: the essential guide to customs & culture The Safari Companion: A Guide to Watching African Mammals

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at roomsforafrica.com
Hotels at wheretostay.co.za
Hotels at sa-venues.com
Hotels at safarinow.com

Blogs/Sites about Kimberley

blogs at wikipedia.org
blogs at kimberly.co.za
blogs at sa-venues.com
blogs and reviews at tripadvisor.in

Images and photos about Kimberley

images at google.com
images at wikipedia.org
images at tripadvisor.in
images at sa-venues.com

Videos of Kimberley








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