May 2013
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Eastern Cape – a province of South Africa

• The Eastern Cape is a province of South Africa.
• Its capital is Bhisho.
• Its two largest cities are Port Elizabeth and East London.
• It was formed in 1994.
• It was formed out of “independent” Xhosa homelands of Transkei and Ciskei and also the eastern percentage of the Cape Province.
• It was the landing place and home for the 1820 settlers.
• The Province has four supreme courts in:
– Grahamstown
– Port Elizabeth
– Bhisho
– Mthatha
• Some Facts about Eastern Cape
– Country : South Africa
– Established : 27 April 1994
– Capital : Bhisho
– Government Type : Parliamentary system
– Total Area : 168,966 km2 (65,238 sq mi)
– Area rank : 2nd in South Africa
– Highest elevation : 3,019 m (9,905 ft)
– Lowest elevation : 0 m (0 ft)
– Density : 39/km2 (100/sq mi)
– Languages : 25
– Xhosa 78.8%
– Afrikaans 10.6%
– English 5.6%
– Sotho 2.5%
– Website :

• This region is native for many well known names and South African politicians, such as:
– Nelson Mandela
– Oliver Tambo
– Walter Sisulu
– Govan Mbeki
– Raymond Mhlaba
– Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe
– Chris Hani
– Thabo Mbeki
– Steve Biko
– Charles Coghlan
• In the northeast, it borders the following districts of Lesotho:
– Mohale’s Hoek – west of Quthing
– Quthing – between Mohale and Qacha’s Nek
– Qacha’s Nek – east of Quthing
• It borders these provinces domestically:
– Western Cape – west
– Northern Cape – northwest
– Free State – north
– KwaZulu-Natal – far northeast
• The Eastern Cape Province is divided into 37 local municipalities and two metropolitan municipalities:
– Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality
– Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality
– Alfred Nzo District
– Matatiele
– Umzimvubu

Amatole District
• Amahlathi
• Great Kei
• Mbhashe
• Mnquma
• Ngqushwa
• Nkonkobe
• Nxuba

Cacadu District
• Baviaans
• Blue Crane Route
• Camdeboo
• Ikwezi
• Kou-Kamma
• Kouga
• Makana
• Ndlambe
• Sunday’s River Valley

Chris Hani District
• Emalahleni
• Ngcobo
• Inkwanca
• Intsika
• Inxuba Yethemba
• Lukhanji
• Sakhisizwe
• Tsolwana

O.R. Tambo District
• Ngquza Hill
• King Sabata Dalindyebo
• Mbizana
• Mhlontlo
• Ntabankulu
• Nyandeni
• Port St. Johns

Joe Gqabi District
• Elundini
• Gariep
• Maletswai
• Senqu

Other Destinations in Eastern Cape
• Cintsa
• Hogsback – high up in the Amathole mountain range with hiking trails and waterfalls.
• Pearston
• Wartrail and New England

National parks
• Addo Elephant National Park : At least 400 elephants all sizes
• Mountain Zebra National Park

Cambdeboo National Park

• The Camdeboo National Park is found in the Karoo and surrounds the Eastern Cape capital of Scotland – Graaff-Reinet.
• Camdeboo National Park was proclaimed as South Africa’s 22nd National Park underneath the management of South African National Parks on Sunday 30 October 2005.
• The business donated the 14500 hectare Karoo Nature Reserve for being the centerpiece in the project.
• The Karoo Nature reserve was established in 1979 once the International Union to the Conservation of Nature as well as the World Wildlife Fund recognized the urgency for conservation measures within the Karoo biome.

Tsitsikamma National Park

• The Tsitsikamma National Park can be a coastal reserve within the Garden Route in South Africa.
• It is popular for indigenous forests, dramatic coastline, along with the Otter Trail.
• On 6 March 2009, it absolutely was amalgamated with the Wilderness National Park.
• The park covers an 80 km long stretch of coastline.
• Nature’s Valley is at the western end in the park.
• The main accommodation is at Storms River Mouth.
• Near the park, is the Bloukrans Bridge.
• From this bridge, the world’s highest bungee jump at 216m can be experienced.
• The term tsitsikamma is usually a Khoisan phrase meaning host to abundant water.
• Tsitsikamma National Partk stretches for 80km on the Krom River Forest Station towards the Salt River.
• It lies between the Tsitsikamma Mountains plus the coast.
• Tsitsikamma is Africa’s oldest and largest marine reserve.
• It plays an important role in the marine preservation and conservation of flora and fauna.
• Tsitsikamma National Park is a cover of protection for many forms of marine life and inter-tidal life.
• This can be one of many largest Marine Protected Areas (MPA) on this planet.
• It conserves South Africa’s Temperate South Coast rocky shoreline by 11%.
• Approximately 30% from the park is roofed in fynbos (Cape Floral Kingdom).
• The fybnos is scattered within the forest vegetation, boasting a wide variety of beautiful flowers, including proteas and heath.

Other Nature Reserves
• Commando Drift Nature Reserve
• Baviaanskloof Mega-Reserve
• Dwesa and Cwebe Nature Reserve

Private Game Reserves
• Seaview Game & Lion Park
• Shamwari Game Reserve
• Kragga Kamma Game Park
• Schotia Safaris Game Reserve

Best time to visit / climate

• Climate is very varied.
• The west is dry with sparse rain during winter or summer.
• They have frosty winters and hot summers.
• The area Tsitsikamma to Grahamstown receives more precipitation.
• Port Elizabeth: Jan Max: 25 °C, Min: 18 °C; Jul Max: 20 °C, Min: 9 °C
• Molteno & Barkly East: Jan Max 28 °C, Min 11 °C; Jul Max: 14 °C, Min: -7 °C

Location on Google Maps

View Larger Map

Or click and paste the URL below on your browser:,81.914063&sspn=23.668111,28.256836&hnear=Eastern+Cape,+South+Africa&t=m&z=6

How to get there?

1. By Car
• The main element motorway inside province would be the N2.
• It runs across the coast from Cape Town via the Garden Route, Port Elizabeth, the Transkei and further through KwaZulu-Natal and Mpumalanga.
• The path condition is excellent except inside Transkei.

From Cape Town
– Go through N2 through the Overberg as well as in towards the Garden Route
– From Gauteng, Free State, Limpopo and Mpumalanga
– Continue with the N1 turnpike south until Colesberg, then continue with the N9 there after towards Graaff-Reinet and George or follow first the N9 and the N10 towards Port Elizabeth.
– Avoid driving the N9 and N10 during sleep as game often wander onto the road at night time and accidents will not be uncommon.

2. By plane
• Port Elizabeth and East London is the main national airports.
• Both serve several flights daily along with South African destinations, but no international flights.

3. By Train
• Spoornet operates regular trains from Johannesburg to both Port Elizabeth and East London.
• Additionally there is a once-weekly service from Cape Town to East London, a day-to-day service between Grahamstown and Alicedale or a weekend-only service between East London and Mthatha (via Amabele).

Some Travel Books on South Africa

South Africa South Africa – Culture Smart!: the essential guide to customs & culture The Safari Companion: A Guide to Watching African Mammals

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at
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Blogs/Sites about Eastern Cape – South Africa

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Images and photos about Eastern Cape – South Africa

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Videos of Eastern Cape – South Africa

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