April 2013
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St. Mary Island – situated near Udupi in Karnataka

• St. Mary’s Island is situated at a distance of 6 km from Udupi.
• It is about 65 km north of Mangalore.
• St. Mary’s Island is a collection of small islands.
• It is in the Arabian Sea off the coast of Malpe in Udupi district in Karnataka in India.
• St. Mary’s Islands also known as Coconut Island and Thonsepar.
• They are known for their distinctive geological formation of columnar basaltic lava.
• In the year 1498, “Vasco Da Gama” landed on his voyage from Portugal to India.
• Name of one of these islands is “El Padron de Santa Maria”.
• These islands are rock projections arising out of the sea near Malpe.
• The St. Mary’s Island beach is special for the unique formation of basalt rocks.
• They are crystallized into whole columns and split into vertical hexagonal blocks.
• The west coast of these islands is a haven of shellfish.
• There are shells of various shapes and sizes littered along the coast.
• The island is about 300 m long and 100 m wide.
• It has a few palm trees.
• The only way to approach these islands is by boat.
• Regular boats ply from the Malpe Harbor to the islands.
• The frequency of these boats varies with the number of tourists.
• Best season to visit: December
• The basalt of the St. Mary’s Islands was formed by sub-aerial sub-volcanic activity.
• At that time Madagascar was attached to India.
• The rifting of Madagascar took place around 88 Mya.
• The islands form one of the four geological monuments in Karnataka state.
• Out of the 26 Geological Monuments of India, it is declare one by the Geological Survey of India in 2001.
• The monument is considered an important site for “Geo Tourism”.

Geography and Topography of St. Mary Island

• The island covers an area which is about 500 m (1,640.4 ft) in length with a width of 100 m (328.1 ft).
• It has prominent coconut trees.
• Its cover reflects in an azure south sea color.
• There is no habitation on the islands.
• The north-south aligned islands form a non-continuous chain.
The four largest islands are:
– Coconut Island
– North Island
– Daryabahadurgarh Island
– South Island
Islands comprise fully of igneous rocks. They have acid composition that consist of:
• Dacites
• Rhyodacites
• Rhyolites
• Granophyres
• Carry basic patches
The columnar jointing pattern is well developed on Coconut Island.
The following recorded in the ground mass phases:
• Plagioclase
• K-feldspar
• Quartz
• Ortho- and clinopyroxenes
• Olivine
• Magnetite
• Ilmenite
– There is no sand beach to swim and relax.
– Watching Sun set at the Islands is also a special sight.
– It is a popular picnic spot.
– The mainland town of Malpe is a major fishing harbor.
– The beach is located at a distance of 5 km west of Udupi town.

Malpe too has tourist attractions such as:
• Vadabhandeshwara Temple
• An image of Sri Balarama

Flora and Fauna
• Colonies of Gulls
• Scolopacidae (sandpipers)
• Few crows
• Brahminy Kites (Haliastur indus))
• Great White Egrets
• Grey Egrets (breeding plumage)
• Groups of large Green Bee-eaters

Best time to visit / climate

• Climate of Karnataka varies because of the different land features.
• It will be hot and humid in the coastal regions.
• The best time to visit is from November to February.

Location on Google Maps

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How to get there?

Distance from St. Mary’s Island Beach
1. Udupi: 6 km
2. Mangalore: 65 km
3. Bangalore: 425 km
• Nearest Airport: Mangalore
• Nearest Railhead: Udupi
• Road: Udupi is well connected by roads.

How to travel to Karnataka?

1. By Air
• Karnataka has seven airports in Bangalore, Mysore, Hampi, Mangalore, Hubli, Belgaum, and Bijapur.
• These all airports are well connected to the other cities of India and the world.
• The Bengaluru International Airport in Bangalore and the Mangalore International Airport are the two airports that offer international flights to and from Karnataka.

2. Travel to Karnataka by Rail
• All major cities of Karnataka are well linked to other parts of the country by a wide rail network.
• Bangalore railway station is the most important railway terminal.
• Karnataka also has an intrastate rail network, which connects cities within the state.

3. Travel to Karnataka by Road
• An excellent network of roads connects cities internally.
• Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) connects the state to other major cities and states.
• A number of national highways link Karnataka with Maharashtra, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.

To Get around
By Bus
• Transportation is made easy by the numerous services available from the KSRTC.
• They ply not only intra-state buses, but also inter-state buses to neighboring states.
• KSRTC reservation counters are aplenty all over the state, and tickets can also be booked online. Services available:
– Airavath:Semi-sleeper Volvo a/c buses
– Club Class Airavath: Volvo Multi-Axle
– Ambari: Corona AC sleeper class
– Mayura and Meghadoot:Comfortable A/C buses
– Rajahamsa:Non-A/C semi sleeper Deluxe buses

South India Karnataka Karnataka – Blue Guide Chapter

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

accomodation at mustseeindia.com
accomodations at tripadvisor.in
Hotels at accommodation-gokarna.com

Blogs / Sites about Karnataka

blogs at wikipedia.org
blogs at karnatakaholidays.com
blogs at indiamarks.com
blogs and reviews at tripadvisor.in

Images and photos about Karnataka

images at google.com
images at wikipedia.org
images at karnatakaholidays.com
images at tripadvisor.in


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