April 2013
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Cape Town, provincial capital of Western Cape, South Africa – Part 2

Cape Town is the second-most populated city in South Africa after Johannesburg.

Overview of Cape Town

• It is the provincial capital and primate city of the Western Cape.
• It is also the legislative capital of the country.
• It is a part of City of Cape Town metropolitan municipality.
• The city is known for its harbor.
• It is also popular for its natural setting in the Cape floral kingdom.

Flora of Cape Town

• The city of Cape Town has one of the highest levels of biodiversity in the world.
• These protected areas are a World Heritage Site.
• There are about 2,200 species of plants that are confined to Table Mountain.
• These species include a many types of proteas.
• These are endemic to the mountain.
• They are found nowhere else.
• It is home to a total of 19 different vegetation types.
• Many of them are endemic to the city and are found nowhere else in the world.
• It is also the only habitat of hundreds of endemic species.
• There are hundreds of others which are severely restricted or threatened.
• This diversity is because of the city being uniquely located at the convergence point of several different soil types and micro-climates.
• Table Mountain has an unusually rich biodiversity.
• Cape Town now has over 300 threatened plant species and 13 which are now extinct.
• The Cape Peninsula has the highest concentration of threatened species.
• This area forms part of the Cape Floristic Region.
• The park supports a high diversity of flora that are rare and endemic.
• Some sections of the park are the natural home of deep, indigenous Afro-temperate forests.

They are:
– Protea
– Erica
– Restio
– Asteraceae species
– Geophytes
– A well known local tree is the Silver Tree (Leucadendron argenteum)

The main indigenous vegetation types are both of which are endangered and endemic to Cape Town and found nowhere else in the world are:
– Peninsula Sandstone Fynbos
– Cape Granite Fynbos

Indigenous plants are threatened by poaching for traditional medicines and invasive plants like:
• Acacia cyclops
• Three Hakea species
• Invasive pines

Fauna of Cape Town

• Larger predators that historically roamed the area include:
– The Cape Lion
– Leopard (which persisted as late as the 1920s, and tracks are claimed to still be found today)
– Spotted hyena
– black-backed jackal

• Large herbivores include:
– African Bush Elephant
– Black rhinoceros
– Kudu
– Eland
– Mountain zebra
– Bontebok

• Smaller mammals include:
– Caracal
– Rock hyrax
– A variety of small antelope species like the Cape Grysbok and klipspringer.
– Alien Himalayan Tahr
– Chacma Baboons

• A rare endemic species of amphibian is only found on Table Mountain, the Table Mountain Ghost Frog.

Suburbs of Cape Town

• Cape Town has:
– Contours of Table Mountain its surrounding peaks
– The Durbanville Hills
– the expansive lowland region known as the Cape Flats
These geographic features in part divide the city into several commonly known groupings of suburbs.

1. City Bowl
• The City Bowl is a natural amphitheater-shaped area.
• It is bordered by Table Bay.
It is defined by:
– The mountains of Signal Hill
– Lion’s Head
– Table Mountain
– Devil’s Peak
The area includes:
– The central business district of Cape Town
– The harbor
– The Company’s Garden
– The residential suburbs of De Waterkant
– Devil’s Peak
– District Six
– Zonnebloem
– Gardens
– Bo-Kaap
– Higgovale
– Oranjezicht
– Schotsche Kloof
– Tamboerskloof
– University Estate
– Vredehoek
– Walmer Estate
– Woodstock

2. Atlantic Seaboard
• The Atlantic Seaboard lies west of Cape Town and Table Mountain.
• It is characterized by its beaches, cliffs, and promenade and hillside communities.
The area includes, from north to south
– The neighbourhoods of Green Point
– Mouille Point
– Three Anchor Bay
– Sea Point
– Fresnaye
– Bantry Bay
– Clifton
– Camps Bay
– Llandudno
– Hout Bay

3. West Coast
• The West Coast suburbs lie along the beach to the north of the Cape Town city center.
It includes:
– Bloubergstrand
– Milnerton
– Tableview
– West Beach
– Big Bay
– Sunset Beach
– Sunningdale
– Parklands
– The exurbs of Atlantis and Melkbosstrand.

4. Northern Suburbs
• The Northern Suburbs are mostly Afrikaans-speaking.
• It includes:
– Bellville
– Bothasig
– Brooklyn
– Burgundy Estate
– Durbanville
– Edgemead
– Elsie’s River
– Facreton
– Goodwood
– Kensington
– Maitland
– Monte Vista
– Panorama
– Parow
– Richwood
– Thornton
– Table View
– Welgemoed

5. Southern Suburbs
• The Southern Suburbs are along the eastern slopes of Table Mountain which is to the southeast of the city center.
• This area has mixed languages.
• Predominant language is English-speaking.
• It includes, from north to south:
– Rondebosch
– Pinelands
– Newlands
– Bishopscourt
– Claremont
– Wynberg
– Plumstead
– Ottery
– Bergvliet
– West of Wynberg lies Constantia (a wealthy neighbourhood, a notable wine-growing region)

6. South Peninsula
• The South Peninsula is generally regarded as the area south of Muizenberg on False Bay and Noordhoek on the Atlantic Ocean, all the way to Cape Point.
• It includes:
– Capri Village
– Clovelly
– Fish Hoek
– Glencairn
– Kalk Bay
– Kommetjie
– Masiphumelele
– Muizenberg
– Noordhoek
– Ocean View
– Scarborough
– Simon’s Town
– St James
– Sunnydale
– Sun Valley
– Steenberg

Best time to visit/climate

• The interior Karoo has a semi-arid climate.
• It has cold, frosty winters and hot summers with occasional thunderstorms.
• The Garden Route and the Overberg on the south coast have a maritime climate.
• It has cool, moist winters and mild, moist summers.
• Mossel Bay in the Garden Route is considered to have the second mildest climate worldwide.
• This is after Hawaii.
• Thunderstorms are generally rare in the province.
• Extremes of heat and cold are common inland, but rare near the coast.
• Snow is a common winter occurrence on the higher lying ground.
• Frost is relatively rare in coastal areas and many of the heavily cultivated valleys.
• Cape Town International Airport averages: January maximum: 26 °C (min: 16 °C), July maximum: 18 °C (min: 7 °C), annual rainfall: 515mm
• Kirstenbosch, Cape Town annual rainfall: 1395mm
• George averages: January maximum: 25 °C (min: 15 °C), July maximum: 19 °C (min: 7 °C), annual rainfall: 715mm
• Marion Island (Prince Edward Group) averages: January maximum: 10 °C (min: 5 °C), July maximum: 6 °C (min: 1 °C), annual rainfall: 2401mm

Location on Google Maps

View Larger Map

Or click and paste the URL below on your browser:

How to get to Cape Town?

Domestic flights to Cape Town
The following airlines offer flights to Cape Town from Johannesburg, Durban and other South African cities:
• South African Airways
• Mango Airlines
• 1time Airline
• Kulula

Direct international flights to Cape Town
From Amsterdam (Netherlands)
• Duration: 11h35m
• Carrier: KLM

From Dubai (United Arab Emirates)
From Frankfurt (Germany)
• Duration: 11h
• Carrier: Lufthansa

From Livingstone (Zambia)
• Duration: 3h10m
• Carrier: Zambezi

From London (United Kingdom)
• Duration: 12h
• Carriers: South African Airways, British Airways, Virgin Atlantic

From Luanda (Angola)
• Duration: 4h
• Carrier: TAAG

From Maputo (Mozambique)
• Duration: 2h35m
• Carrier: South African Airways

From Maun (Botswana)
• Duration: 3h45m
• Carrier: Air Botswana

From Mauritius
• Duration: 6h35m
• Carrier: Air Mauritius

From Paris (France)
• Duration: 11h10m
• Carrier: Air France

From Windhoek (Namibia)
• Duration: 2h
• Carriers: South African Airways, Air Namibia

From Zurich (Switzerland)
• Duration: 11h15m
• Carrier: Swiss
Cape Town is a two hour flight from Johannesburg, which has direct links with most major cities around the world.

To reach Western Cape
By Plane
• Cape Town’s international airport is the country’s second largest after Johannesburg.
• There is also an airport in George which offers connections to most major cities in South Africa.

By Train
Spoornet operates regular inter-city trains from Cape Town to:
• Johannesburg
• Worcester
• Beaufort West
• Durban
• Kimberley
• Bloemfontein
• Pietermaritzburg
• East London
MetroRail operates frequent commuter trains to towns and suburbs near Cape Town, such as:
• Simon’s Town
• Bellville
• Malmesbury
• Somerset West
• Stellenbosch
• Strand
• Worcester
• Paarl

By Car
The Western Cape is easily accessible from the rest of the country by car.

By Bus
Greyhound offers a plethora of inter-city routes nation-wide.

How to Get around?

By Bus
The main bus companies offer regular services in the Western Cape as does the Baz Bus.

By Car
Car rental is available in Cape Town and in the larger towns.

Some Travel Books on South Africa

South Africa South Africa – Culture Smart!: the essential guide to customs & culture The Safari Companion: A Guide to Watching African Mammals

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at tripadvisor.com
Hotels at cape.hotelguide.co.za
Hotels at sa-venues.com
Hotels at hotelclub.com

Blogs / Sites about Capetown – South Africa

blogs at wikipedia.org
blogs at capetown.travel
blogs at sa-venues.com
blogs and reviews at tripadvisor.in

Images and photos about Capetown – South Africa

images at capetown.travel
images at wikipedia.org
images at tripadvisor.in
images at sa-venues.com

Videos about Capetown – South Africa

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