Wilanow Palace – a royal palace located in the Wilanow district in Warsaw of Poland – Part 2

Poland is a country located in Central Europe. It has a long Baltic Sea coastline. It is bordered by:
• Belarus
• Czech Republic
• Germany
• Lithuania
• Russia
• Slovakia
• Ukraine

Wilanow Palace is a royal palace that is located in the Wilanow district in Warsaw.

Design of Wilanow Palace

• The first stage of construction was in between 1677 and 1680.
• Then, it was a typical Polish manor house.
• It had four alcove towers attached to the one-storyed square building.
• In between 1681-1688, the building was enhanced.
• Two gallery wings were added that ended with towers were added.
• This new appearance was probably inspired by Palladio’s Villa Montagnana.
• After the king’s death the third stage of the reconstruction was accomplished.
• In between 1688-1696 the pavilion above the main building was erected.
• The towers were covered with baroque spires.
• They all resembled the Villa Doria Pamphili in Rome.
• The north wing was erected by Elzbieta Sieniawska.
• The king and his librarian Adam Adamandy Kochanski took active part in the design and construction of the palace.
• The latter was responsible for the ideological and artistic program me.
• The decoration elements played an essential role in glorifying the monarch.
These included:
– busts of king and queen among the effigies of ancient characters
– gods and goddesses
– roman emperors and empresses

Roman emperors and empresses like:
• The Dioscuri
• Zeus-Amun
• Sibyl
• Romulus
• Rhea Silvia
• Alexander the Great
• Cleopatra
• Dido
• Vespasian
• Eagle
• Pogonia

Personifications of the Commonwealth regions:
• Masovia
• Greater Poland
• Samogitia
• Red Ruthenia
• Royal Prussia

They were issued by sculptors:
• Andreas Schluter
• Stefan Szwaner
• A stucco decorator named Antoni of Wilanow
Some of the sculptures were made in the Low Countries by Louis Willemsens and Artus Quellinus’ workshop.
• They were shipped to Gdansk and then transported to Warsaw.
• An ornate sundial on the south wall with Chronos is present.
• The composition with Uranus on the north wall is a mark of science and orderliness in the Serenissima during king’s reign.
• They were executed by Antoni of Wilanow.
• This was according to the design by Johannes Hevelius, Adam Adamandy Kochanski and Augustyn Locci.
• The side wings embracing a courtyard were initiated by the king.
• They were built long after his death by Elzbieta Sieniawska.
• They were constructed in the fourth stage of the enlargement in between 1720-1729.

Interior space
• The most prominent Polish and foreign artists participated in the decoration of the palace interiors.
• It was entrusted to painters:
– Martino Altomonte
– Jan Rayzner of Lviv
– Michelangelo Palloni
– Sculptor Stefan Szwaner
– Stucco decorators Szymon Jozef Bellotti, Antoni of Wilanow and Abraham Paris
• The 17th century palace inventories included the works of the greatest contemporary and ancient masters like:
– Rembrandt
– Pieter van Laer
– Anthony van Dyck
– Ferdinand van Kessel
– Raphael
– Caracci brothers
– Guido Reni
– Bernardo Strozzi
• The chambers were filled with precious furnishings like:
– silver folding screen
– silver pyramid with 11 baskets
– a three-storyed silver fountain
– a silk baldachin presented by the Shah of Persia

Garden of Wilanow Palace

• Integral part of the palace, almost since its beginning, was a garden.
• Initially it had the character of a baroque Italian garden.
• This is in a semicircular form surrounding the palace on the east.
• In its composition this geometric garden fitted in well with the ancient patterns and the palace arrangement.
• It consisted of an upper garden located on a terrace.
• It was equipped with two arbours in the form of lanterns in each corner, and lower garden.

Collection at the Wilanow Museum

– Coffin Portraits
– The Polish Portrait Gallery, 16th and 17th c.
– The Sobieski Family Portraits Room
– The Quiet Room
– The Middle Room
– The Anteroom
– The Pastel Cabinet
– The Poniatowski Family Portraits Room
– Decorative Kontusz Belts
– The Polish Portrait Gallery, 18th century.
– The room in the north tower
– The Polish Portrait Gallery, 19th century. Part One
– The Polish Portrait Gallery, 19th century. Part Two

Best time to visit / climate

• The climate is mostly temperate throughout the country.
• The climate is oceanic in the north and west.
• It becomes gradually warmer and continental towards the south and east.
• Summers are generally warm.
• It is with average temperatures between 18 °C (64 °F) and 30 °C (86.0 °F).
• Winters are rather cold.
• There are with average temperatures around 3 °C (37.4 °F) in the northwest and 6 °C (21 °F) in the northeast.
• Precipitation falls throughout the year.
• The warmest region in Poland is Lower Silesian that is located in south-western Poland.

Location on Google Maps

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How to get to Poland?

1. By plane
• Most of Europe’s major airlines fly to and from Poland.
• Poland’s national carriers are LOT Polish Airlines.
• There are also a number of low cost airlines that fly to Poland. These include:
– WizzAir
– EasyJet
– Germanwings
– Norwegian
– Ryanair
There are also direct flights from United States and Canada. LOT operates direct flights from:
– Toronto
– New York
– Chicago
– Non-direct flights from other cities
International airlines fly mainly to Warsaw (WAW). Other major airports in Poland are:
– Krakow
– Katowice
– Gdask
– Pozna
– Wrocaw
– Szczecin
– Rzeszow
– Bydgoszcz
A new terminal has been opened at the Warsaw Chopin airport which will significantly increase the airport’s capacity.

2. By Train
Direct connections with:
• Berlin
• Amsterdam, via Koeln, Hannover
• Kiev via Lviv
• Vienna
• Prague
• Moscow

3. By Car
You can enter Poland by one of many roads linking Poland with the neighboring countries.

4. By Bus
There are many international bus lines that connect major Polish cities.
• Voyager
• Eurolines
• Ecolines
• PolskiBus.com
• Simple Express

5. By Boat
• From Sweden
– Ystad by Unity Line
– Karlskrona by Stena Line
– Nynashamn
– Visby
– Ystad by Polferries

• From Denmark
– Copenhagen
– Bornholm

• From Finland
– Helsinki by Finnlines

• From Germany
– Rostock by Finnlines

6. By Yacht
There are more and more ports along Polish coast. Bigger marinas are located in:
– Szczecin
– Eba
– Hel
– Gdynia
– Gdask

7. By plane
– Polish national carrier LOT has daily connections.
– These are between the biggest cities with a hub in Warsaw.

8. By train
– In Poland, the national railway carriers are PKP InterCity and Przewozy Regionalne.
– There are few local carriers that belong to voivod ships or major cities.
– Train tickets are quite economical.
There are new InterCity routes such as:
• Warsaw – Katowice
• Warsaw – Krakow
• Warsaw – Pozna
• Pozna – Szczecin
Train types
• E-IC (ExpressInterCity) / EC (EuroCity) / Ex (Express)
• TLK (Twoje Linie Kolejowe)
• RE (RegioEkspress)
• IR (InterRegio)
• REGIO / Osobowy
• Podmiejski
• Narrow gauge

Some Travel Books on Poland

Poland Lonely Planet Poland Poland: A Unique Country & Its People

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at tripadvisor.in
Hotels at staypoland.com
Hotels at travelpoland.com

Blogs / Sites about Poland

blogs at wikipedia.org
blogs at owarsaw.eu
blogs at wilanow-palac.pl
blogs at pbase.com

Images and photos of Poland

Images at google.com
images at wikipedia.org
images at pbase.com
images at tripadvisor.com

Videos of Poland

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