The Mekong Delta – a region in southwestern Vietnam.

The Mekong Delta is the region in southwestern Vietnam.

Overview of The Mekong Delta

• Here Mekong River approaches and empties into the sea.
• The Mekong delta region encompasses a large portion of southwestern Vietnam.
• This is about an area of 39,000 square kilometers.
• The size of the area is covered by water.
• The Mekong Delta is also labeled as a ‘biological treasure trove’.
• Over 10,000 new species have been discovered.
• This includes a species of rat thought to be extinct.

• The Mekong Delta lies immediately to the west of Ho Chi Minh City.
• This forms a triangle.
• It stretches from:
– My Tho in the east
– Chau Doc and Ha Tien in the northwest
– Ca Mau and the South China Sea at the southernmost tip of Vietnam
– Includes the island of Phu Quoc.
• The Mekong Delta region of Vietnam displays a variety of physical landscapes.
• It is dominated by flat flood plains in the south.
• There are a few hills in the north and west.
• The soil of the lower Delta consists mainly of sediment from the Mekong and its tributaries.
• The Mekong Delta is the region with the smallest forest area in Vietnam.
• 300,000ha is the total area that is forested.
• The only provinces with large forests are Ca Mau Province and Kien Giang Province.
• These two provinces account for two thirds of the region’s forest area.
• Life in the Mekong Delta revolves much around the river.
• Many of the villages are often accessible by rivers and canals rather than by road.
• The region is home to cai luong, a form of Vietnamese folk opera.

• The inhabitants of the Mekong Delta region are largely ethnic Viet.
• Khmer is the minority population.
This population lives primarily in the provinces:
– Tra Vinh
– Soc Trang
– Muslim Cham in Tan Chau
– An Giang

• Can Tho
• An Giang
• Bc Lieu
• Ben Tre
• Ca Mau
• Dong Thap
• Hau Giang
• Kien Giang
• Long An
• Soc Trang
• Tien Giang
• Tra Vinh
• Vinh Long

Places of Interest in Mekong Delta

• Bac Lieu
• Ben Tre
• Ca Mau
• Can Tho
• Cao Lanh
• Chau Doc
• Ha Tien
• Hon Chong
• Long Xuyen
• My Tho
• Nam Can
• Phu Quoc Island
• Rach Gia
• Sa Dec
• Soc Trang
• Tra Vinh
• Vinh Long

– Floating market of Can Tho
• The Mekong Delta is Vietnam’s most productive region in agriculture and aquaculture.
• Its role in industry and foreign direct investment are smaller.
• 2.6 million Ha in the Mekong Delta are used for agriculture.
• This is about 1/4th of Vietnam’s total.
• Almost two thirds of the region’s land can be used for agriculture.
• The region’s land used for growing cereals.
• Most is used for rice cultivation.

The share of agricultural land:
• exceeds 80% in Can Tho and neighboring Hau Giang Province
• below 50% only in Ca Mau Province
• Bac Lieu Province (42%)

• The Mekong Delta is also a most important fishing region of Vietnam.
• It has almost half of Vietnam’s capacity of offshore fishing vessels.

Best time to visit / climate

• The city has a tropical climate.
• The year is divided into two distinct seasons.
• The rainy season, with an average rainfall of about 1,800 millimetres .
• It usually begins in May and ends in late November.
• The dry season lasts from December to April.
• The average temperature is 28 °C (82 °F).
• The highest temperature sometimes reaches 39 °C.
• This is around noon in late April.
• The lowest may fall below 16 °C in the early mornings of late December into early January.

Location on Google Maps

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How to get there?

• Most travelers head to the Mekong Delta on an organized tour.
• Travel by express minibuses is cheap, efficient and comfortable.
• The ultimate way to see the delta is by private car, bicycle or rented motorbike.
• The opening of the river border crossing between Vietnam and Cambodia at Vinh Xuong is another route.

1. By Air
• The city is served by Tan Son Nhat International Airport.
• This is the largest airport in Vietnam.
• Long Thanh Airport serves international flights.
• Tan Son Nhat Airport serves domestic flights.

2. By Rail
• Ho Chi Minh City is also a terminal for many Vietnam Railways routes.
• The Reunification Express runs from Ho Chi Minh City to Hanoi.
• This runs from Saigon Railway Station in District 3.
• The two main stations are Song Than and Sai Gon.
• There are several small stations.
They are:
– Di An
– Thu Duc
– Binh Trieu
– Go Vap

3. By Water
• The city’s location is on the Saigon River.
• This makes it a commercial and passenger port.
• There is a constant stream of cargo ships and passenger boats.
• Traffic between Ho Chi Minh City and Vietnam’s southern provinces has increased.
• The Doi and Te Canals are the main routes to the Mekong Delta.
• They receive 100,000 waterway vehicles annually.
• They operate regularly between Ho Chi Minh City and various destinations in Southern Vietnam and Cambodia.
These include:
– Vung Tau
– Can Tho
– Mekong Delta
– Phnom Pen

4. By Coach bus
• Ho Chi Minh City has a number of coach houses.
• There are coach buses to and from several areas in Vietnam.
• The largest coach station is the Mien Dong Coach Station which is in the Binh Thanh District.

Some Travel Books on Vietnam

Vietnam (Country Travel Guide) DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: Vietnam and Angkor Wat To Vietnam With Love

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

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Blogs/Sites about The Mekong Delta – Vietnam

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Images and photos of The Mekong Delta – Vietnam

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Videos of The Mekong Delta – Vietnam

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