Lubiaz Abbey – a former Cistercian monastery in Lubiaz in Poland




Poland is a country located in Central Europe. It has a long Baltic Sea coastline. It is bordered by:
• Belarus
• Czech Republic
• Germany
• Lithuania
• Russia
• Slovakia
• Ukraine

Lubiaz Abbey also known as Leubus Abbey in English is a former Cistercian monastery in Lubiaz.

Overview of Lubiaz Abbey

• This is located in the Lower Silesian Voivodeship of southwestern Poland.
• This is situated about 54 km to the northwest of Wroclaw.
• The abbey was established in 1175.
• This is one of the largest Christian architectural complexes in the world.
• It is considered a masterpiece of Baroque Silesian architecture.
• The area of the roofs is about 25,000 square meters.
• The facade is a length of 223 m (732 ft).
• It is the longest in Europe after that of El Escorial in Spain.
• In the crypts there are 98 well-preserved mummies of Silesian dukes.
• The abbey is the biggest Cistercian abbey in the world.
• It is currently rated in the highest class of landmarks of the world’s cultural heritage.

Abbey History

• The abbey is located near a ford across the Oder river.
• This is a Benedictine monastery and church of Saint James.
• It might have been established about 1150.
• This had already been abandoned before 1163.
• At that time the area belonged to the Duchy of Silesia.
• It was bequeathed by Duke Boleslaw III Wrymouth of Poland to his eldest son Wladyslaw II in 1138.
• The first monastery complex was under construction up to 1175.
• Duke Boleslaw I issued the official foundation charter at Grodziec Castle.
• Drainage works implemented three-field crop rotation and laid out vineyards.
• In 1200 the abbey church was rebuilt.
• This is at that time the first Brick Gothic building in the region.
• Duke Boleslaw I died in 1201 and was buried here.
• In 1202 the Trzebnica Abbey was established.
• It was followed by the establishment in 1222 of Mogila Abbey.
• This was located in Lesser Poland.
• Henrykow Abbey was established in 1227.
• From 1249 to 1844, the place held town privileges.
• The monastery complex was devastated by the Hussite Wars.
• Since 1989, the abbey has been under renovation.
• It has become a significant tourist destination.
• Each year in early June, Festival of alternative culture takes place here.

Sports in Poland

• Mountain hikes
• Water sports
• Skiing
• Horse riding
• Cycling
• First bungee jump
• Paintball encounter
• Rock climbing

Best time to visit / climate

• The climate is mostly temperate throughout the country.
• The climate is oceanic in the north and west.
• It becomes gradually warmer and continental towards the south and east.
• Summers are generally warm.
• It is with average temperatures between 18 °C (64 °F) and 30 °C (86.0 °F).
• Winters are rather cold.
• There are with average temperatures around 3 °C (37.4 °F) in the northwest and 6 °C (21 °F) in the northeast.
• Precipitation falls throughout the year.
• The warmest region in Poland is Lower Silesian that is located in south-western Poland.

Location on Google Maps


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How to get to Poland?

1. By plane
• Most of Europe’s major airlines fly to and from Poland.
• Poland’s national carriers are LOT Polish Airlines.
• There are also a number of low cost airlines that fly to Poland. These include:
– WizzAir
– EasyJet
– Germanwings
– Norwegian
– Ryanair
There are also direct flights from United States and Canada. LOT operates direct flights from:
– Toronto
– New York
– Chicago
– Non-direct flights from other cities
International airlines fly mainly to Warsaw (WAW). Other major airports in Poland are:
– Krakow
– Katowice
– Gdask
– Pozna
– Wrocaw
– Szczecin
– Rzeszow
– Bydgoszcz
A new terminal has been opened at the Warsaw Chopin airport which will significantly increase the airport’s capacity.

2. By Train
Direct connections with:
• Berlin
• Amsterdam, via Koeln, Hannover
• Kiev via Lviv
• Vienna
• Prague
• Moscow

3. By Car
You can enter Poland by one of many roads linking Poland with the neighboring countries.

4. By Bus
There are many international bus lines that connect major Polish cities.
• Voyager
• Eurolines
• Ecolines
• PolskiBus.com
• Simple Express

5. By Boat
• From Sweden
– Ystad by Unity Line
– Karlskrona by Stena Line
– Nynashamn
– Visby
– Ystad by Polferries

• From Denmark
– Copenhagen
– Bornholm

• From Finland
– Helsinki by Finnlines

• From Germany
– Rostock by Finnlines

6. By Yacht
There are more and more ports along Polish coast. Bigger marinas are located in:
– Szczecin
– Eba
– Hel
– Gdynia
– Gdask

7. By plane
– Polish national carrier LOT has daily connections.
– These are between the biggest cities with a hub in Warsaw.

8. By train
– In Poland, the national railway carriers are PKP InterCity and Przewozy Regionalne.
– There are few local carriers that belong to voivod ships or major cities.
– Train tickets are quite economical.
There are new InterCity routes such as:
• Warsaw – Katowice
• Warsaw – Krakow
• Warsaw – Pozna
• Pozna – Szczecin
Train types
• E-IC (ExpressInterCity) / EC (EuroCity) / Ex (Express)
• TLK (Twoje Linie Kolejowe)
• RE (RegioEkspress)
• IR (InterRegio)
• REGIO / Osobowy
• Podmiejski
• Narrow gauge

Some Travel Books on Poland

Poland Lonely Planet Poland Poland: A Unique Country & Its People

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at tripadvisor.in
Hotels at staypoland.com
Hotels at travelpoland.com

Blogs / Sites about Poland

blogs at wikipedia.org
blogs at en.goldenmap.com
blogs at charlesmichelduke.wordpress.com
blogs and reviews at travelblog.org

Images and photos of Poland

images at google.com
images at wikipedia.org
images at trekearth.com
images at flickr.com

Videos of Poland






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