February 2013
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Warsaw’s Old Town – the oldest historic district of the city in Poland – Part 2

Poland is a country located in Central Europe. It has a long Baltic Sea coastline. It is bordered by:
• Belarus
• Czech Republic
• Germany
• Lithuania
• Russia
• Slovakia
• Ukraine

Warsaw’s Old Town is the oldest historic district of the city.

Squares of Warsaw Old Town
1. Queen Anna’s corridor
• Queen Anna’s corridor connecting the Royal Castle with the St. John’s Cathedral dates back to 16th century.

2. The Old Town Market Place
• It dates back to the end of the 13th century.
• It is the true heart of the Old Town.
• Until the end of the 18th century it was the heart of all of Warsaw.
• Here, the representatives of guilds and merchants met in the Town Hall.
• This hall was built before 1429 and was pulled down in 1817.
• Here, fairs and the occasional execution were held.
• The houses around it represented the Gothic style.
• There was a great fire of 1607.
• Later, they were rebuilt in late-Renaissance style.

3. Castle Square
• This is a visitor’s first view of the reconstructed Old Town.
• One can approach it from the more modern center of Warsaw.
• It is an impressive sight.
• It is dominated by Zygmunt’s Column.
• This towers above the beautiful Old Town houses.
• It is enclosed between the Old Town and the Royal Castle.
• There was a gateway that leads into the city called the Krakow Gate.
• It became to develop in the 14th century.
• This continued to be a defensive area for the kings.
• The square was in its glory until 17th century.
• This was when Warsaw became to country capital.
• This square was erected with a column here in 1644 by King Wladyslaw IV.
• This was to glorify his father Sigismund III Vasa.
• He was best known for moving the capital of Poland from Krakow to Warsaw.

4. Canon Square
• This square is behind St. John’s Cathedral.
• It is a small triangular square.
• Its name comes from the 17th-century tenement houses.
• These houses belonged to the canons of the Warsaw chapter.
• Some of these canons were very popular.
• They include: Stanislaw Staszic who was the co-author of the Constitution of May 3, 1791.
• Earlier, it was a parochial cemetery.
• In the remains is a Baroque figure of Our Lady from the 18th century.
• In the middle of the square there is the bronze bell of Warsaw.
• Grand Crown Treasurer Jan Mikolaj Danilowicz founded in 1646.
• This was meant for the Jesuit Church in Jaroslaw.
• The bell was cast in 1646 by Daniel Tym.
• He was the designer of the Zygmunt’s Column.
• The Canonicity meets Royal Square in a covered passage.
• This passage was built for Queen Anna Jagiellon in the late 16th century.
• It extended in the 1620’s after Michal Piekarski’s failed 1620 attempt to assassinate King Sigismund III Vasa as he was entering the Cathedral.
• The thinnest house in Warsaw is situated here.

5. UNESCO World Heritage Site
• Warsaw’s Old Town has been placed on the UNESCO’s list of World Heritage Sites.
• This is quoted as “an outstanding example of a near-total reconstruction of a span of history covering the 13th to the 20th century.”

Best time to visit / climate

• The climate is mostly temperate throughout the country.
• The climate is oceanic in the north and west.
• It becomes gradually warmer and continental towards the south and east.
• Summers are generally warm.
• It is with average temperatures between 18 °C (64 °F) and 30 °C (86.0 °F).
• Winters are rather cold.
• There are with average temperatures around 3 °C (37.4 °F) in the northwest and 6 °C (21 °F) in the northeast.
• Precipitation falls throughout the year.
• The warmest region in Poland is Lower Silesian that is located in south-western Poland.

Location on Google Maps

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Or click and paste the URL below on your browser:

How to get to Poland?

1. By plane
• Most of Europe’s major airlines fly to and from Poland.
• Poland’s national carriers are LOT Polish Airlines.
• There are also a number of low cost airlines that fly to Poland. These include:
– WizzAir
– EasyJet
– Germanwings
– Norwegian
– Ryanair
There are also direct flights from United States and Canada. LOT operates direct flights from:
– Toronto
– New York
– Chicago
– Non-direct flights from other cities
International airlines fly mainly to Warsaw (WAW). Other major airports in Poland are:
– Krakow
– Katowice
– Gdask
– Pozna
– Wrocaw
– Szczecin
– Rzeszow
– Bydgoszcz
A new terminal has been opened at the Warsaw Chopin airport which will significantly increase the airport’s capacity.

2. By Train
Direct connections with:
• Berlin
• Amsterdam, via Koeln, Hannover
• Kiev via Lviv
• Vienna
• Prague
• Moscow

3. By Car
You can enter Poland by one of many roads linking Poland with the neighboring countries.

4. By Bus
There are many international bus lines that connect major Polish cities.
• Voyager
• Eurolines
• Ecolines
• PolskiBus.com
• Simple Express

5. By Boat
• From Sweden
– Ystad by Unity Line
– Karlskrona by Stena Line
– Nynashamn
– Visby
– Ystad by Polferries

• From Denmark
– Copenhagen
– Bornholm

• From Finland
– Helsinki by Finnlines

• From Germany
– Rostock by Finnlines

6. By Yacht
There are more and more ports along Polish coast. Bigger marinas are located in:
– Szczecin
– Eba
– Hel
– Gdynia
– Gdask

7. By plane
– Polish national carrier LOT has daily connections.
– These are between the biggest cities with a hub in Warsaw.

8. By train
– In Poland, the national railway carriers are PKP InterCity and Przewozy Regionalne.
– There are few local carriers that belong to voivod ships or major cities.
– Train tickets are quite economical.
There are new InterCity routes such as:
• Warsaw – Katowice
• Warsaw – Krakow
• Warsaw – Pozna
• Pozna – Szczecin
Train types
• E-IC (ExpressInterCity) / EC (EuroCity) / Ex (Express)
• TLK (Twoje Linie Kolejowe)
• RE (RegioEkspress)
• IR (InterRegio)
• REGIO / Osobowy
• Podmiejski
• Narrow gauge

Some Travel Books on Poland

Poland Lonely Planet Poland Poland: A Unique Country & Its People

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at tripadvisor.in
Hotels at staypoland.com
Hotels at travelpoland.com

Blogs / Sites about Poland

blogs at wikipedia.org
blogs at warsaw-life.com
blogs at tripadvisor.in
blogs and reviews at whc.unesco.org

Images and photos of Poland

images at google.com
images at wikipedia.org
images at warsaw-life.com
images at tripadvisor.com

Videos of Poland

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