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Warsaw’s Old Town – the oldest historic district of the city in Poland – Part 1




Poland is a country located in Central Europe. It has a long Baltic Sea coastline. It is bordered by:
• Belarus
• Czech Republic
• Germany
• Lithuania
• Russia
• Slovakia
• Ukraine

Warsaw’s Old Town is the oldest historic district of the city.

Overview of Warsaw’s Old Town

• It is bounded by Wybrzeze Gdanskie which is along the bank of the Vistula. The other streets are:
– Grodzka
– Mostowa
– Podwale
• It is one of Warsaw’s most integral tourist attractions.
• The Old Town Market Place is in the heart of the area.
• It has many restaurants, cafes and shops.
• Surrounding streets feature medieval architecture. These include:
– City walls
– The Barbican
– St. John’s Cathedral
• Warsaw’s Old Town was established in the 13th century.
• It was prior surrounded by an earthwork rampart.
• This is prior to 1339.
• It was fortified with brick city walls.
• The town actually grew up around the castle of the Dukes of Mazovia.
• This later became the Royal Castle.
• The Market Square was laid out sometime in the late 13th or early 14th century.
• This is along the main road that links the castle with the New Town to the north.
• Rococo tenement portal depicts a galleon at Swietojanska Street which dates back to early 18th century.
• Until 1817 the Old Town’s most notable feature was the Town Hall built before 1429.
• The square was rebuilt by Tylman Gamerski in 170.
• In 1817 the Town Hall was demolished.
• Since the 19th century, the four sides of the Market Square have been given the names of four notable Poles.
• They once lived on the respective sides. They are:
– Ignacy Zakrzewski (south)
– Hugo Koll?taj (west)
– Jan Dekert (north)
– Franciszek Barss (east)
• In 1918 the Royal Castle once again became the seat of Poland’s highest authorities.
• These authorities include the President of Poland and his chancellery.
• The municipal authorities began refurbishing the Old Town in the late 1930s.
• This was during the mayoralty of Stefan Starzynski.
• This was to restore it to its former glory.
• The Barbican and the Old Town Market Place were partly restored.
• The outbreak of World War II brought an end to these restorations.
• During the Invasion of Poland, the district was badly damaged by the German Luftwaffe.
• This invasion targeted the city’s residential areas and historic landmarks in bombing.
• Parts of the Old Town were rebuilt as a follow up of the Siege of Warsaw.
• A statue commemorating the Uprising, “the Little Insurgent,” now stands on the Old Town’s medieval city wall.
• After World War II, the Old Town was meticulously rebuilt.

Best time to visit / climate

• The climate is mostly temperate throughout the country.
• The climate is oceanic in the north and west.
• It becomes gradually warmer and continental towards the south and east.
• Summers are generally warm.
• It is with average temperatures between 18 °C (64 °F) and 30 °C (86.0 °F).
• Winters are rather cold.
• There are with average temperatures around 3 °C (37.4 °F) in the northwest and 6 °C (21 °F) in the northeast.
• Precipitation falls throughout the year.
• The warmest region in Poland is Lower Silesian that is located in south-western Poland.

Location on Google Maps


View Larger Map

Or click and paste the URL below on your browser:
http://maps.google.co.in/maps?hl=en&q=Wooden+Churches+of+Peace+in+Jawor+and+%C5%9Awidnica&bpcl=39650382&biw=1024&bih=653&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.r_qf.&um=1&ie=UTF-8&sa=N&tab=wl

How to get to Poland?

1. By plane
• Most of Europe’s major airlines fly to and from Poland.
• Poland’s national carriers are LOT Polish Airlines.
• There are also a number of low cost airlines that fly to Poland. These include:
– WizzAir
– EasyJet
– Germanwings
– Norwegian
– Ryanair
There are also direct flights from United States and Canada. LOT operates direct flights from:
– Toronto
– New York
– Chicago
– Non-direct flights from other cities
International airlines fly mainly to Warsaw (WAW). Other major airports in Poland are:
– Krakow
– Katowice
– Gdask
– Pozna
– Wrocaw
– Szczecin
– Rzeszow
– Bydgoszcz
A new terminal has been opened at the Warsaw Chopin airport which will significantly increase the airport’s capacity.

2. By Train
Direct connections with:
• Berlin
• Amsterdam, via Koeln, Hannover
• Kiev via Lviv
• Vienna
• Prague
• Moscow

3. By Car
You can enter Poland by one of many roads linking Poland with the neighboring countries.

4. By Bus
There are many international bus lines that connect major Polish cities.
• Voyager
• Eurolines
• Ecolines
• PolskiBus.com
• Simple Express

5. By Boat
• From Sweden
– Ystad by Unity Line
– Karlskrona by Stena Line
– Nynashamn
– Visby
– Ystad by Polferries

• From Denmark
– Copenhagen
– Bornholm

• From Finland
– Helsinki by Finnlines

• From Germany
– Rostock by Finnlines

6. By Yacht
There are more and more ports along Polish coast. Bigger marinas are located in:
– Szczecin
– Eba
– Hel
– Gdynia
– Gdask

7. By plane
– Polish national carrier LOT has daily connections.
– These are between the biggest cities with a hub in Warsaw.

8. By train
– In Poland, the national railway carriers are PKP InterCity and Przewozy Regionalne.
– There are few local carriers that belong to voivod ships or major cities.
– Train tickets are quite economical.
There are new InterCity routes such as:
• Warsaw – Katowice
• Warsaw – Krakow
• Warsaw – Pozna
• Pozna – Szczecin
Train types
• E-IC (ExpressInterCity) / EC (EuroCity) / Ex (Express)
• TLK (Twoje Linie Kolejowe)
• RE (RegioEkspress)
• IR (InterRegio)
• REGIO / Osobowy
• Podmiejski
• Narrow gauge

Some Travel Books on Poland

Poland Lonely Planet Poland Poland: A Unique Country & Its People

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at tripadvisor.in
Hotels at staypoland.com
Hotels at travelpoland.com

Blogs / Sites about Poland

blogs at wikipedia.org
blogs at warsaw-life.com
blogs at tripadvisor.in
blogs and reviews at whc.unesco.org

Images and photos of Poland

images at google.com
images at wikipedia.org
images at warsaw-life.com
images at tripadvisor.com

Videos of Poland






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