February 2013
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Torun is a medieval city in North-Western Poland – Part 2

Poland is a country located in Central Europe. It has a long Baltic Sea coastline. It is bordered by:
• Belarus
• Czech Republic
• Germany
• Lithuania
• Russia
• Slovakia
• Ukraine

Torun is a medieval city in North-Western Poland.

Overview of Torun

• It is located on the Vistula River.
• Its architecture has managed to escape bombing.
• This is a city that is one of the only examples of true Gothic architecture in Poland.
• One can see and have an amazing Polish experience here.
• This is one of the capitals of the Kujawsko-Pomorskie Voivodship.
• This is previously the capital of the Torun Voivodship and the Pomeranian Voivodship.
• The city is situated near the Geographic Center of Europe.
• Torun’s medieval Old Town or Starowka is on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
• Torun is a birthplace of world famous astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus.
• The town is known for its ginger-breads from middle Ages.

About Old Town

• From the second half of the thirteenth century, the place had been occupied by a number of separate structures.
• These are arranged in the form of a similar quadrangle.
• It is beautifully decorated with typically Gothic ornamentation.
• The tower is the oldest part of the present-day building.
• It dates back from 1274.
• It was elevated to its present-day height of 40 meters in 1385.
• It was modeled on belfries built in Flanders.
• This is a combination of tower with market halls.
• This is also served as watchtowers.
• This is because Torun established close trade links with some of the cities in Flanders.
• These include Bruges, Ghent and Ypres.
• This is as early as the mid-thirteenth century.
The tower housed:
– Archives
– Armor
– Valuables
– Also functioned as prison

• It was irretrievably damaged during the Swedish siege in 1703.
• It symbolizes the beginning of the end of Torun’s greatest glory and power.
• The years 1603-4, this marked another period of prosperity for the city.
• The reconstruction of the Old City Town Hall took place under an outstanding Flemish architect named Anton van Obberghen.
• In the Grand Hall, in 1645, the famous Colloquium Charitativum was held.
• The Old City Hall was also the place for political negotiations and meetings involving the monarchs.

Other places of Interest

Baj Pomorski Theater
• On its tower hangs Tuba Dei bell from 1500.
• It has one of the largest medieval bells in Europe.

Medieval Granaries
• Mostly residential district build in the late 19th and early 20th century.
• It comprises many monuments of architecture.
• It also has a city park and zoo botanical garden.

Przedmiescie Swietej Katarzyny
• It was built in the late 19th and early 20th century to the east of the Old Town.
• It is a specific combination of residential and military architecture.
• St. Catherine’s church is located at Wilhelmstad’s main square.
• It has over 80 meter high tower.

Teutonic Knights Castle Ruins
• 10 am – 6 pm
• It is an outdoor museum.
• The castle is almost completely destroyed except for one tower.
• Admission: 2 zl

Dybowski Castle Ruins
• It is opposite the river and small walk from the bridge.
• This is an old skeleton that is left of the old Castle.
• It was built by Polish king Wladyslaw Jagiello in 15th century.

• Motoarena Torun
• Piwnice Radio Observatory
• Krzywa Wieza
• Dwor Artusa
• Ethnographic Museum

Sports in Poland

• Mountain hikes
• Water sports
• Skiing
• Horse riding
• Cycling
• First bungee jump
• Paintball encounter
• Rock climbing

Best time to visit / climate

• The climate is mostly temperate throughout the country.
• The climate is oceanic in the north and west.
• It becomes gradually warmer and continental towards the south and east.
• Summers are generally warm.
• It is with average temperatures between 18 °C (64 °F) and 30 °C (86.0 °F).
• Winters are rather cold.
• There are with average temperatures around 3 °C (37.4 °F) in the northwest and 6 °C (21 °F) in the northeast.
• Precipitation falls throughout the year.
• The warmest region in Poland is Lower Silesian that is located in south-western Poland.

Location on Google Maps

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How to get to Poland?

1. By plane
• Most of Europe’s major airlines fly to and from Poland.
• Poland’s national carriers are LOT Polish Airlines.
• There are also a number of low cost airlines that fly to Poland. These include:
– WizzAir
– EasyJet
– Germanwings
– Norwegian
– Ryanair
There are also direct flights from United States and Canada. LOT operates direct flights from:
– Toronto
– New York
– Chicago
– Non-direct flights from other cities
International airlines fly mainly to Warsaw (WAW). Other major airports in Poland are:
– Krakow
– Katowice
– Gdask
– Pozna
– Wrocaw
– Szczecin
– Rzeszow
– Bydgoszcz
A new terminal has been opened at the Warsaw Chopin airport which will significantly increase the airport’s capacity.

2. By Train
Direct connections with:
• Berlin
• Amsterdam, via Koeln, Hannover
• Kiev via Lviv
• Vienna
• Prague
• Moscow

3. By Car
You can enter Poland by one of many roads linking Poland with the neighboring countries.

4. By Bus
There are many international bus lines that connect major Polish cities.
• Voyager
• Eurolines
• Ecolines
• PolskiBus.com
• Simple Express

5. By Boat
• From Sweden
– Ystad by Unity Line
– Karlskrona by Stena Line
– Nynashamn
– Visby
– Ystad by Polferries

• From Denmark
– Copenhagen
– Bornholm

• From Finland
– Helsinki by Finnlines

• From Germany
– Rostock by Finnlines

6. By Yacht
There are more and more ports along Polish coast. Bigger marinas are located in:
– Szczecin
– Eba
– Hel
– Gdynia
– Gdask

7. By plane
– Polish national carrier LOT has daily connections.
– These are between the biggest cities with a hub in Warsaw.

8. By train
– In Poland, the national railway carriers are PKP InterCity and Przewozy Regionalne.
– There are few local carriers that belong to voivod ships or major cities.
– Train tickets are quite economical.
There are new InterCity routes such as:
• Warsaw – Katowice
• Warsaw – Krakow
• Warsaw – Pozna
• Pozna – Szczecin
Train types
• E-IC (ExpressInterCity) / EC (EuroCity) / Ex (Express)
• TLK (Twoje Linie Kolejowe)
• RE (RegioEkspress)
• IR (InterRegio)
• REGIO / Osobowy
• Podmiejski
• Narrow gauge

Some Travel Books on Poland

Poland Lonely Planet Poland Poland: A Unique Country & Its People

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at tripadvisor.in
Hotels at staypoland.com
Hotels at travelpoland.com

Blogs / Sites about Poland

blogs at wikipedia.org
blogs at visittorun.pl
blogs at tripadvisor.com
blogs and reviews at whc.unesco.org

Images and photos of Poland

images at google.com
images at wikipedia.org
images at visittorun.pl
images at 360cities.net

Videos of Poland

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