February 2013
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Torun is a medieval city in North-Western Poland – Part 1

Poland is a country located in Central Europe. It has a long Baltic Sea coastline. It is bordered by:
• Belarus
• Czech Republic
• Germany
• Lithuania
• Russia
• Slovakia
• Ukraine

Torun is a medieval city in North-Western Poland.

Overview of Torun

• It is located on the Vistula River.
• Its architecture has managed to escape bombing.
• This is a city that is one of the only examples of true Gothic architecture in Poland.
• One can see and have an amazing Polish experience here.
• This is one of the capitals of the Kujawsko-Pomorskie Voivodship.
• This is previously the capital of the Torun Voivodship and the Pomeranian Voivodship.
• The city is situated near the Geographic Center of Europe.
• Torun’s medieval Old Town or Starowka is on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
• Torun is a birthplace of world famous astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus.
• The town is known for its ginger-breads from middle Ages.

Places to see in Torun Old Town

Stare Miasto:
A UNESCO World Heritage List site dating back to medieval times.

Nicolaus Copernicus Museum (Old Town)
• Astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus was born in Toru? in 1473.
• The museum is situated in Copernicus’s house.
• This is a pretty building.
• The museum’s “collection” mostly comprises of copies and facsimiles with very few explanations.
• Price: 10 zloty.

Ratusz Staromiejski (Old Town Hall)
• This is one of the most beautiful Gothic town halls in Europe.
• It has many treasures.
• For visitors, this might be not as rewarding as the explanation is entirely in Polish.
• Translations are very sparse in the city.

The Museum consists of:
• Gallery of Gothic art
• Exhibition of old Torun 1233-1793
• Exhibition of Torun coins
• Court hall
• Hall of Polish kings
• Climb the tower for a beautiful view
• Price: 10 zloty

About Old Town

• This is situated in the center of the Old City Market Square.
• The monumental Old City Town Hall is one of the biggest and most beautiful buildings of its kind in Europe.
• It is a monument to Torun’s glory.
• It is the former trade empire of Hansa.
• It was built under the privilege of the Teutonic Grand Master Conrad von Wallenrode dating back to the late 14th century.
• This is when the medieval Old City of Torun was at the peak of its prosperity.

The Old City Hall performed two functions:
• The ground floor housed merchant halls
• The Cloth Hall
• The so-called bread benches
• City Scales
• The Judical Hall

The first floor was occupied by the municipal authorities:
• The Council Hall
• The Senate Hall
• The Tribute Office
• The Wet Office
• The Chancellery
• The Kamlaria Office

Best time to visit / climate

• The climate is mostly temperate throughout the country.
• The climate is oceanic in the north and west.
• It becomes gradually warmer and continental towards the south and east.
• Summers are generally warm.
• It is with average temperatures between 18 °C (64 °F) and 30 °C (86.0 °F).
• Winters are rather cold.
• There are with average temperatures around 3 °C (37.4 °F) in the northwest and 6 °C (21 °F) in the northeast.
• Precipitation falls throughout the year.
• The warmest region in Poland is Lower Silesian that is located in south-western Poland.

Location on Google Maps

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How to get to Poland?

1. By plane
• Most of Europe’s major airlines fly to and from Poland.
• Poland’s national carriers are LOT Polish Airlines.
• There are also a number of low cost airlines that fly to Poland. These include:
– WizzAir
– EasyJet
– Germanwings
– Norwegian
– Ryanair
There are also direct flights from United States and Canada. LOT operates direct flights from:
– Toronto
– New York
– Chicago
– Non-direct flights from other cities
International airlines fly mainly to Warsaw (WAW). Other major airports in Poland are:
– Krakow
– Katowice
– Gdask
– Pozna
– Wrocaw
– Szczecin
– Rzeszow
– Bydgoszcz
A new terminal has been opened at the Warsaw Chopin airport which will significantly increase the airport’s capacity.

2. By Train
Direct connections with:
• Berlin
• Amsterdam, via Koeln, Hannover
• Kiev via Lviv
• Vienna
• Prague
• Moscow

3. By Car
You can enter Poland by one of many roads linking Poland with the neighboring countries.

4. By Bus
There are many international bus lines that connect major Polish cities.
• Voyager
• Eurolines
• Ecolines
• PolskiBus.com
• Simple Express

5. By Boat
• From Sweden
– Ystad by Unity Line
– Karlskrona by Stena Line
– Nynashamn
– Visby
– Ystad by Polferries

• From Denmark
– Copenhagen
– Bornholm

• From Finland
– Helsinki by Finnlines

• From Germany
– Rostock by Finnlines

6. By Yacht
There are more and more ports along Polish coast. Bigger marinas are located in:
– Szczecin
– Eba
– Hel
– Gdynia
– Gdask

7. By plane
– Polish national carrier LOT has daily connections.
– These are between the biggest cities with a hub in Warsaw.

8. By train
– In Poland, the national railway carriers are PKP InterCity and Przewozy Regionalne.
– There are few local carriers that belong to voivod ships or major cities.
– Train tickets are quite economical.
There are new InterCity routes such as:
• Warsaw – Katowice
• Warsaw – Krakow
• Warsaw – Pozna
• Pozna – Szczecin
Train types
• E-IC (ExpressInterCity) / EC (EuroCity) / Ex (Express)
• TLK (Twoje Linie Kolejowe)
• RE (RegioEkspress)
• IR (InterRegio)
• REGIO / Osobowy
• Podmiejski
• Narrow gauge

Some Travel Books on Poland

Poland Lonely Planet Poland Poland: A Unique Country & Its People

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at tripadvisor.in
Hotels at staypoland.com
Hotels at travelpoland.com

Blogs / Sites about Poland

blogs at wikipedia.org
blogs at visittorun.pl
blogs at tripadvisor.com
blogs and reviews at whc.unesco.org

Images and photos of Poland

images at google.com
images at wikipedia.org
images at visittorun.pl
images at 360cities.net

Videos of Poland

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