February 2013
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The Jasna Gora Monastery is in Czestochowa in Poland.

Poland is a country located in Central Europe. It has a long Baltic Sea coastline. It is bordered by:
• Belarus
• Czech Republic
• Germany
• Lithuania
• Russia
• Slovakia
• Ukraine

Overview of Jasna Gora Monastery

• The Jasna Gora Monastery is in Czestochowa in Poland.
• It is the most famous shrine to the Virgin Mary in Poland.
• It is the country’s greatest place of pilgrimage.
• It is considered for many a spiritual capital.
• The image of Black Madonna of Czestochowa is an integral part of this Monastery.
• It is considered to have miraculous powers.
• This is Jasna Gora’s most precious treasure.
• It was founded in 1382 by Pauline monks.
• They were known to come from Hungary at the invitation of Wladyslaw, Duke of Opole.
• The monastery has been a pilgrimage destination for many years.
• It contains the most important icon of the Virgin Mary in this part of Europe.
• The icon depicts the Mother of God with the Christ Child.
• It is known as the Black Madonna of Czestochowa or Our Lady of Czestochowa.
• This is widely venerated and is known to have performed many miracles.
• It is credited to have miraculously saved the Jasna Gora monastery during a siege.
• This siege is known to have taken place at the time of The Deluge, a 17th century Swedish invasion.
• This event was of little military importance.
• This event is known to have stimulated the Polish resistance.

Walking Pilgrimages
• Every year thousands of Poles go in pilgrim groups.
• This trend has been there since the medieval ages.
• They visit Jasna Gora.
• About 103,000 pilgrims went to the shrine in 2010.
• There are a few hundred groups.
• The average distance of travel is about 350 km.
• This travel is made in 11 days.
• One of the pilgrimages is Wroclaw Walking Pilgrimage.

Other visiting points in Poland

• Oceanarium in Gdynia
• Babiogorski Park Narodowy (Babiogorski National Park) in Zawoja
• Bialowieski National Park in Bialowieza
• Biebrzanski National Park in Goniadz
• Zywkowo – Village of the Stork
• Drawienski National Park in Drawno
• Gorczanski National Park in Poreba Wielka
• Cactus Farm in Rumia
• Kampinos National Park in Izabelin B
• “Krzywy Las” in Nowe Czarnowo
• Magurski National Park in Krempna
• Malopolska Fruit Trail in Krakow
• City Zoological Garden in Wroclaw
• Narwianski Labyrinth in Kurowo
• Narwianski National Park in Kurowo
• Bory Tucholskie National Park in Charzykowy
• Stolowe Mountains National Park in Kudowa-Zdroj
• Warta Estuary National Park in Gorzyca
• Pieniny National Park in Kroscienko nad Dunajcem

Sports in Poland

• Mountain hikes
• Water sports
• Skiing
• Horse riding
• Cycling
• First bungee jump
• Paintball encounter
• Rock climbing

Best time to visit / climate

• The climate is mostly temperate throughout the country.
• The climate is oceanic in the north and west.
• It becomes gradually warmer and continental towards the south and east.
• Summers are generally warm.
• It is with average temperatures between 18 °C (64 °F) and 30 °C (86.0 °F).
• Winters are rather cold.
• There are with average temperatures around 3 °C (37.4 °F) in the northwest and 6 °C (21 °F) in the northeast.
• Precipitation falls throughout the year.
• The warmest region in Poland is Lower Silesian that is located in south-western Poland.

Location on Google Maps

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How to get to Poland?

1. By plane
• Most of Europe’s major airlines fly to and from Poland.
• Poland’s national carriers are LOT Polish Airlines.
• There are also a number of low cost airlines that fly to Poland. These include:
– WizzAir
– EasyJet
– Germanwings
– Norwegian
– Ryanair
There are also direct flights from United States and Canada. LOT operates direct flights from:
– Toronto
– New York
– Chicago
– Non-direct flights from other cities
International airlines fly mainly to Warsaw (WAW). Other major airports in Poland are:
– Krakow
– Katowice
– Gdask
– Pozna
– Wrocaw
– Szczecin
– Rzeszow
– Bydgoszcz
A new terminal has been opened at the Warsaw Chopin airport which will significantly increase the airport’s capacity.

2. By Train
Direct connections with:
• Berlin
• Amsterdam, via Koeln, Hannover
• Kiev via Lviv
• Vienna
• Prague
• Moscow

3. By Car
You can enter Poland by one of many roads linking Poland with the neighboring countries.

4. By Bus
There are many international bus lines that connect major Polish cities.
• Voyager
• Eurolines
• Ecolines
• PolskiBus.com
• Simple Express

5. By Boat
• From Sweden
– Ystad by Unity Line
– Karlskrona by Stena Line
– Nynashamn
– Visby
– Ystad by Polferries

• From Denmark
– Copenhagen
– Bornholm

• From Finland
– Helsinki by Finnlines

• From Germany
– Rostock by Finnlines

6. By Yacht
There are more and more ports along Polish coast. Bigger marinas are located in:
– Szczecin
– Eba
– Hel
– Gdynia
– Gdask

7. By plane
– Polish national carrier LOT has daily connections.
– These are between the biggest cities with a hub in Warsaw.

8. By train
– In Poland, the national railway carriers are PKP InterCity and Przewozy Regionalne.
– There are few local carriers that belong to voivod ships or major cities.
– Train tickets are quite economical.
There are new InterCity routes such as:
• Warsaw – Katowice
• Warsaw – Krakow
• Warsaw – Pozna
• Pozna – Szczecin
Train types
• E-IC (ExpressInterCity) / EC (EuroCity) / Ex (Express)
• TLK (Twoje Linie Kolejowe)
• RE (RegioEkspress)
• IR (InterRegio)
• REGIO / Osobowy
• Podmiejski
• Narrow gauge

Some Travel Books on Poland

Poland Lonely Planet Poland Poland: A Unique Country & Its People

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at tripadvisor.in
Hotels at staypoland.com
Hotels at travelpoland.com

Blogs / Sites about Poland

Blogs at wikipedia.org
Blogs at jasnagora.pl
Blogs at lonelyplanet.com
blogs at goeasteurope.about.com

Images and photos of Poland

images at google.com
images at wikipedia.org
images at krakow-info.com
images at tripadvisor.com

Videos of Poland

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