February 2013
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Poland – The Augustow Canal : a cross-border canal – Part 2

Poland is a country located in Central Europe. It has a long Baltic Sea coastline. It is bordered by:
• Belarus
• Czech Republic
• Germany
• Lithuania
• Russia
• Slovakia
• Ukraine

The Augustow Canal is a cross-border canal constructed in the 19th century in Poland.
The canal connects seven natural moraine-dammed lakes and 11 rivers and the lakes are:
• Necko
• Biale
• Studzieniczne
• Orle
• Paniewo
• Krzywe
• Mikaszewo

Eleven rivers are:
• Biebrza
• Netta
• Czarna Hancza
• Klonownica
• Plaska (Sucha Rzeczka, Serwianka)
• Mikaszowka
• Perkucia
• Szlamica
• Wolkuszanka
• Ostaszanka
• Neman

The natural waterways are interconnected by cuttings and hydraulic installations with:
• locks and weirs
• towpaths along the canal bank
• a system of roads
• bridges
• buildings

A water reserve feeding the canal is provided from outside. The lakes are:
• Sajno
• Serwy
• Wigry

The Six historic sluices are:
• Przewiez
• Paniewo
• Perkuc
• Sosnowek
• Tartak
• Kudrynki
These sluices are easy to access from the green trail used by hikers and cyclists.

Kayak trails of the Augustow Canal

1. Augustow – the Bystry Canal -Lake Sajno – the Netta River
2. Augustow – Lakes Necko, Biale, Studzieniczne and next along the Augustow Canal to the sluice Tartak
3. Augustow – on the Augustow Canal route to the Sucha Rzeczka

The Augustow Canal, consisting of 18 locks and 22 sluices, is divided into two sections:
• West — from the merger of the Biebrza lock Augusta (0.0 – 32.50 km)
• East — from lock to lock Niemnowo Augusta Belarus (32.50 – 101.20 km)

Vistula river watershed
Biebrza River to Augustow Lock (0.0 – 32.50 km)
• Start from the Biebrza River
• Canalized Netta River
• Debowo Lock and weir
• Lateral canal parallel to the Netta River Sosnowo Lock. Weir to discharge excess water from the Sosnowo-Borki segment to the Netta River
• Borki Lock
• Weir to discharge excess water from the Borki-Bia?obrzegi segment to the Netta River
• The canal passes through the village of Bia?obrzegi, Weir to discharge excess water from the Borki-Bialobrzegi segment to the Netta River
• Bialobrzegi Lock
• Weir to discharge excess water from the Bialobrzegi-Augustow segment to Lake Sajno
• Augustow Lock and Augustow Weir

Niemen river watershed
Augustow Lock to Neman River (32.50 km – 101.20 km)
• The canal crosses Lake Necko (1,7 km) and Lake Biale (6,7 km)
• Przewiez Lock
• The canal crosses Lake Studzieniczne
• Swoboda Lock
• Summit level canal with portions traversing Lake Swoboda and Lake Gorczyckie
• Connection to Lake Serwy
• Gorczyca Lock
• Artificial canal and traversal of Lake Orlewo and Lake Paniewo
• Paniewo Lock Perkuc Lock
• A short artificial canal and traversal of Lake Mikaszewo, near the village of Mikaszowka
• Mikaszowka Lock and Weir
• Sosnowek Lock and Weir
• Canalized Czarna Hancza River
• Tartak Lock and Weir
• Kudrynki Lock and Weir
• The Poland-Belarus border runs along the axis of the canal for 3.4 kilometers (2.1 mi)
• Kurzyniec Lock and Weir. Site of the former village of Kurzyniec.
• Wolkuszek Weir
• Segment of the canal in Belarus
• Wolkuszek Lock
• D?browka Lock and Weir
• The Czarna Ha?cza River flows in a natural channel to the Neman River
• Lateral canal parallel to the Czarna Hancza River
• Kurkul Weir to discharge excess water from the D?browka-Niemnowo segment to the Neman River
• Niemnowo Lock
• Neman River

Best time to visit / climate

• The climate is mostly temperate throughout the country.
• The climate is oceanic in the north and west.
• It becomes gradually warmer and continental towards the south and east.
• Summers are generally warm.
• It is with average temperatures between 18 °C (64 °F) and 30 °C (86.0 °F).
• Winters are rather cold.
• There are with average temperatures around 3 °C (37.4 °F) in the northwest and 6 °C (21 °F) in the northeast.
• Precipitation falls throughout the year.
• The warmest region in Poland is Lower Silesian that is located in south-western Poland.

Location on Google Maps

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How to get to Poland?

1. By plane
• Most of Europe’s major airlines fly to and from Poland.
• Poland’s national carriers are LOT Polish Airlines.
• There are also a number of low cost airlines that fly to Poland. These include:
– WizzAir
– EasyJet
– Germanwings
– Norwegian
– Ryanair
There are also direct flights from United States and Canada. LOT operates direct flights from:
– Toronto
– New York
– Chicago
– Non-direct flights from other cities
International airlines fly mainly to Warsaw (WAW). Other major airports in Poland are:
– Krakow
– Katowice
– Gdask
– Pozna
– Wrocaw
– Szczecin
– Rzeszow
– Bydgoszcz
A new terminal has been opened at the Warsaw Chopin airport which will significantly increase the airport’s capacity.

2. By Train
Direct connections with:
• Berlin
• Amsterdam, via Koeln, Hannover
• Kiev via Lviv
• Vienna
• Prague
• Moscow

3. By Car
You can enter Poland by one of many roads linking Poland with the neighboring countries.

4. By Bus
There are many international bus lines that connect major Polish cities.
• Voyager
• Eurolines
• Ecolines
• PolskiBus.com
• Simple Express

5. By Boat
• From Sweden
– Ystad by Unity Line
– Karlskrona by Stena Line
– Nynashamn
– Visby
– Ystad by Polferries

• From Denmark
– Copenhagen
– Bornholm

• From Finland
– Helsinki by Finnlines

• From Germany
– Rostock by Finnlines

6. By Yacht
There are more and more ports along Polish coast. Bigger marinas are located in:
– Szczecin
– Eba
– Hel
– Gdynia
– Gdask

7. By plane
– Polish national carrier LOT has daily connections.
– These are between the biggest cities with a hub in Warsaw.

8. By train
– In Poland, the national railway carriers are PKP InterCity and Przewozy Regionalne.
– There are few local carriers that belong to voivod ships or major cities.
– Train tickets are quite economical.
There are new InterCity routes such as:
• Warsaw – Katowice
• Warsaw – Krakow
• Warsaw – Pozna
• Pozna – Szczecin
Train types
• E-IC (ExpressInterCity) / EC (EuroCity) / Ex (Express)
• TLK (Twoje Linie Kolejowe)
• RE (RegioEkspress)
• IR (InterRegio)
• REGIO / Osobowy
• Podmiejski
• Narrow gauge

Some Travel Books on Poland

Poland Lonely Planet Poland Poland: A Unique Country & Its People

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at tripadvisor.in
Hotels at staypoland.com
Hotels at travelpoland.com

Blogs / Sites about Poland

Blogs at wikipedia.org
Blogs at suwalszczyzna.pl
Blogs at trav whc.unesco.org
Blogs and reviews at belarus.by

Images and photos of Poland

Images at google.com
Images at wikipedia.org
Images at e whc.unesco.org
Images at belarus.by

Videos of Poland

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