February 2013
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Poland – Muskau Park : largest park

Poland is a country located in Central Europe. It has a long Baltic Sea coastline. It is bordered by:
• Belarus
• Czech Republic
• Germany
• Lithuania
• Russia
• Slovakia
• Ukraine

The Muskau Park is the largest park and is also one of the most popular English gardens of Germany and Poland.

Overview of The Muskau Park

• It is located in the historic Upper Lusatia region.
• It occupies about 3.5 square kilometers (1.4 sq mi) of land in Poland and 2.1 km (0.81 sq mi) in Germany.
• The park covers on both sides of the Lusatian Neisse River.
• This park also constitutes the border between the countries.
• There is a 17.9 km (6.9 sq mi) buffer zone around the park.
• This zone is encompassed by the German town Bad Muskau in the West and Polish L?knica in the East.
• Muskau Castle is situated to the west of the river.
• The center of the park is the partially wooded raised areas.
• These areas are on the east bank called The Park on Terraces.
• In 2003 a pedestrian bridge spanning the Neisse was reconstructed in order to connect both parts.
• UNESCO added the park to its World Heritage List on July 2, 2004.
• This is a demonstration of cross-border cultural collaboration that is between Poland and Germany.
• It was added to the list on two criteria. They are:
– For developing in terms of the ideal man-made landscape
– For the influence of landscape architecture as a discipline.

Old Castle
• The works involved remodeling the Baroque “Old Castle”.
• The former castle gate were rebuilt,
• The construction was designed by Friedrich Ludwig Persius.
The reconstructions included:
– a Gothic chapel
– an English cottage
– several bridges
– an orangery

Puckler reconstructed the medieval fortress as the “New Castle”. He reconstructed:
– the com-positional center of the park
– a network of paths radiating from it
– a pleasure ground influenced by the ideas of Humphry Repton
• The extensions went on until 1845.
• The next year it was acquired by Prince Frederick of the Netherlands.
• He employed Eduard Petzold, Puckler’s disciple and a well-known landscape gardener.
• He helped him to complete his design.
• He died in 1881.
• His daughter Princess Marie sold the estates to the Arnim noble family
• During the Battle of Berlin, both castles were leveled.
• All four bridges across the Neisse were razed.
• The Arnims were dispossessed by the Soviet Military Administration.
• This was done in Germany.
• There was an implementation done of the Oder-Neisse line in 1945.
• The park has been divided by the state border between Poland and Germany.
• Two third of it was on the Polish side.
• The Old Castle was rebuilt by the East German administration.
• This was built in 1965-72.
• This was while the New Castle and the bridges are still being restored.

Other National Parks in Poland

• Babia Gora National Park
• Bialowieza Forest
• Biebrza National Park
• Bieszczady
• Bory Tucholskie
• Drawa National Park
• Gorce National Park
• Kampinos National Park
• Magura National Park
• Narew National Park
• Ojcow National Park
• Table Mountains
• Polesie National Park
• Pieniny National Park
• Karkonosze
• Roztocze National Park
• Slowinski National Park
• Switokrzyski
• Tatra National Park
• Ujscie Warty
• Wielkopolska
• Wigry National Park
• Wolin National Park

Best time to visit / climate

• The climate is mostly temperate throughout the country.
• The climate is oceanic in the north and west.
• It becomes gradually warmer and continental towards the south and east.
• Summers are generally warm.
• It is with average temperatures between 18 °C (64 °F) and 30 °C (86.0 °F).
• Winters are rather cold.
• There are with average temperatures around 3 °C (37.4 °F) in the northwest and 6 °C (21 °F) in the northeast.
• Precipitation falls throughout the year.
• The warmest region in Poland is Lower Silesian that is located in south-western Poland.

Location on Google Maps

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How to get to Poland?

1. By plane
• Most of Europe’s major airlines fly to and from Poland.
• Poland’s national carriers are LOT Polish Airlines.
• There are also a number of low cost airlines that fly to Poland. These include:
– WizzAir
– EasyJet
– Germanwings
– Norwegian
– Ryanair
There are also direct flights from United States and Canada. LOT operates direct flights from:
– Toronto
– New York
– Chicago
– Non-direct flights from other cities
International airlines fly mainly to Warsaw (WAW). Other major airports in Poland are:
– Krakow
– Katowice
– Gdask
– Pozna
– Wrocaw
– Szczecin
– Rzeszow
– Bydgoszcz
A new terminal has been opened at the Warsaw Chopin airport which will significantly increase the airport’s capacity.

2. By Train
Direct connections with:
• Berlin
• Amsterdam, via Koeln, Hannover
• Kiev via Lviv
• Vienna
• Prague
• Moscow

3. By Car
You can enter Poland by one of many roads linking Poland with the neighboring countries.

4. By Bus
There are many international bus lines that connect major Polish cities.
• Voyager
• Eurolines
• Ecolines
• PolskiBus.com
• Simple Express

5. By Boat
• From Sweden
– Ystad by Unity Line
– Karlskrona by Stena Line
– Nynashamn
– Visby
– Ystad by Polferries

• From Denmark
– Copenhagen
– Bornholm

• From Finland
– Helsinki by Finnlines

• From Germany
– Rostock by Finnlines

6. By Yacht
There are more and more ports along Polish coast. Bigger marinas are located in:
– Szczecin
– Eba
– Hel
– Gdynia
– Gdask

7. By plane
– Polish national carrier LOT has daily connections.
– These are between the biggest cities with a hub in Warsaw.

8. By train
– In Poland, the national railway carriers are PKP InterCity and Przewozy Regionalne.
– There are few local carriers that belong to voivod ships or major cities.
– Train tickets are quite economical.
There are new InterCity routes such as:
• Warsaw – Katowice
• Warsaw – Krakow
• Warsaw – Pozna
• Pozna – Szczecin
Train types
• E-IC (ExpressInterCity) / EC (EuroCity) / Ex (Express)
• TLK (Twoje Linie Kolejowe)
• RE (RegioEkspress)
• IR (InterRegio)
• REGIO / Osobowy
• Podmiejski
• Narrow gauge

Some Travel Books on Poland

Poland Lonely Planet Poland Poland: A Unique Country & Its People

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at tripadvisor.in
Hotels at staypoland.com
Hotels at travelpoland.com

Blogs / Sites about Poland

Blogs at wikipedia.org
Blogs at travelpoland.info
Blogs at touristlink.com
Blogs at whc.unesco.org

Images and photos of Poland

Images at google.com
Images at wikipedia.org
Images at whc.unesco.org
Images at travelpoland.info

Videos of Poland

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