February 2013
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Poland – Centennial Hall in Wroclaw

Poland is a country located in Central Europe. It has a long Baltic Sea coastline. It is bordered by:
• Belarus
• Czech Republic
• Germany
• Lithuania
• Russia
• Slovakia
• Ukraine

Overview of The Centennial Hall

• The Centennial Hall is a historic building in Wroclaw in Poland.
• It was built according to the plans of architect Max Berg.
• It was built in 1911–1913.
• This was then a part of the German Empire.
• It was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2006.
• This was a mark of an early landmark which is full of reinforced concrete architecture.
• The building lies close to other popular tourist attractions.

Places to see around The Centennial Hall are:
– Wroclaw Zoo
– The Japanese Garden
– The Pergola with its Multimedia Fountain
• Location – Wroclaw, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, Poland
• Broke ground – 1911
• Built – 1913
• Opened – 20 May 1913
• Operator – City Hall Company Ltd. of Wroc?aw
• Architect – Max Berg
• Main contractors – Dyckerhoff & Widmann AG (Dywidag)
• Capacity for Boxing – 7,200
• Capacity for Handball – 6,300
• Capacity for Basketball – 7,000
• Capacity for Volleyball – 5,400

Construction of The Centennial Hall

• The cupola modeled on the Festhalle Frankfurt was made of reinforced concrete.
• The inner diameter is about 69 m (226 ft) and 42 m (138 ft) high.
• It was the largest building of its kind during its time.
• The symmetrical quatrefoil shape with a large circular central space seats over 7,000 persons.
• The dome itself is 23 m (75 ft) high.
• It is made of steel and glass.
• The Jahrhunderthalle became a key reference.
• This was for the development of reinforced concrete structures in the 20th century.
• The hall was originally provided with a Sauer pipe organ.
• It was built by Walcker Orgelbau.
• It is equipped with 15,133 pipes and 200 stops.
• It is also ranked as the world’s largest.
• On 24 September 1913, Karl Straube was the first to play it.
• He performed Max Reger’s Introduction, Passacaglia and Fugue for Organ Op. 127.
• This was exclusively composed to celebrate the occasion.
• Most parts of the organ were transferred to the rebuilt Wroc?aw Cathedral after World War II.

Access to The Centennial Hall
• It can be easily be reached by tram or bus.
• It is in the city center of Warclaw.
• The hall is open daily to visitors for a small entrance fee.

Sports in Poland

• Mountain hikes
• Water sports
• Skiing
• Horse riding
• Cycling
• First bungee jump
• Paintball encounter
• Rock climbing

Best time to visit / climate

• The climate is mostly temperate throughout the country.
• The climate is oceanic in the north and west.
• It becomes gradually warmer and continental towards the south and east.
• Summers are generally warm.
• It is with average temperatures between 18 °C (64 °F) and 30 °C (86.0 °F).
• Winters are rather cold.
• There are with average temperatures around 3 °C (37.4 °F) in the northwest and 6 °C (21 °F) in the northeast.
• Precipitation falls throughout the year.
• The warmest region in Poland is Lower Silesian that is located in south-western Poland.

Location on Google Maps

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How to get to Poland?

1. By plane
• Most of Europe’s major airlines fly to and from Poland.
• Poland’s national carriers are LOT Polish Airlines.
• There are also a number of low cost airlines that fly to Poland. These include:
– WizzAir
– EasyJet
– Germanwings
– Norwegian
– Ryanair
There are also direct flights from United States and Canada. LOT operates direct flights from:
– Toronto
– New York
– Chicago
– Non-direct flights from other cities
International airlines fly mainly to Warsaw (WAW). Other major airports in Poland are:
– Krakow
– Katowice
– Gdask
– Pozna
– Wrocaw
– Szczecin
– Rzeszow
– Bydgoszcz
A new terminal has been opened at the Warsaw Chopin airport which will significantly increase the airport’s capacity.

2. By Train
Direct connections with:
• Berlin
• Amsterdam, via Koeln, Hannover
• Kiev via Lviv
• Vienna
• Prague
• Moscow

3. By Car
You can enter Poland by one of many roads linking Poland with the neighboring countries.

4. By Bus
There are many international bus lines that connect major Polish cities.
• Voyager
• Eurolines
• Ecolines
• PolskiBus.com
• Simple Express

5. By Boat
• From Sweden
– Ystad by Unity Line
– Karlskrona by Stena Line
– Nynashamn
– Visby
– Ystad by Polferries

• From Denmark
– Copenhagen
– Bornholm

• From Finland
– Helsinki by Finnlines

• From Germany
– Rostock by Finnlines

6. By Yacht
There are more and more ports along Polish coast. Bigger marinas are located in:
– Szczecin
– Eba
– Hel
– Gdynia
– Gdask

7. By plane
– Polish national carrier LOT has daily connections.
– These are between the biggest cities with a hub in Warsaw.

8. By train
– In Poland, the national railway carriers are PKP InterCity and Przewozy Regionalne.
– There are few local carriers that belong to voivod ships or major cities.
– Train tickets are quite economical.
There are new InterCity routes such as:
• Warsaw – Katowice
• Warsaw – Krakow
• Warsaw – Pozna
• Pozna – Szczecin
Train types
• E-IC (ExpressInterCity) / EC (EuroCity) / Ex (Express)
• TLK (Twoje Linie Kolejowe)
• RE (RegioEkspress)
• IR (InterRegio)
• REGIO / Osobowy
• Podmiejski
• Narrow gauge

Some Travel Books on Poland

Poland Lonely Planet Poland Poland: A Unique Country & Its People

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at tripadvisor.in
Hotels at staypoland.com
Hotels at travelpoland.com

Blogs / Sites about Poland

Blogs at wikipedia.org
Blogs at tripadvisor.in
Blogs at whc.unesco.org
Blogs and reviews at lonelyplanet.com

Images and photos of Poland

Images at google.com
Images at wikipedia.org
Images at whc.unesco.org
Images at tripadvisor.com

Videos of Poland

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