February 2013
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Krakow Old Town is the historic central district of Krakow in Poland – Part 2

Poland is a country located in Central Europe. It has a long Baltic Sea coastline. It is bordered by:
• Belarus
• Czech Republic
• Germany
• Lithuania
• Russia
• Slovakia
• Ukraine

Krakow Old Town is the historic central district of Krakow in Poland.

Major attractions of Krakow Old Town

Wawel Castle
• Wawel Castle, Wawel 5
• ? +48 (0/12) 422-51-55 (+48 (0/12) 422-61-21
• zamek@wawel.edu.pl
• fax: +48 (0/12) 421-51-77)
• Wawel is the name of a lime hillock.
• This is located on the left bank of the Vistula.
• This is at an altitude of 228 meters above sea level.
• This is a symbolic place of great significance for Polish people.
• The Royal Castle and the Cathedral are located on the Hill.
• Polish Royalty and many distinguished Poles are interred in the Cathedral.
• Many of the royal coronations took place there.
• It’s considered to be the most beautiful castle in Central Europe.

Sukiennice (Cloth Hall), Rynek G?ówny 1-3
• Sukiennice was built in the early 14th century.
• This is somewhere in the middle of the Main Market.
• This is a trading hall in Gothic style.
• It got its present Renaissance look in 1555.
• It was turned into a museum in the 19th century.
• The first floor was used for great banquets.
• Souvenir shops are there at present.

The Town Hall Tower
• Town Hall Tower was once a part of the big 13th-Century Gothic-Renaissance Town Hall.
• It is situated in the Main Market.
• The town hall was destroyed by the Austrians during the 19th century.
• This was when they took control of Krakow.
• You have a nice view of the city from upstairs.

• Barbakan was built in the 15th century.
• It is known as the biggest European defense building.
• The Gothic Barbakan was meant to defend the Florian Gate from attacks of the Osman.

Florian Gate
• This is the only part of the medieval walls which has survived.
• It consists of four towers and the arsenal.
• It gives a good idea of what the five kilometers of walls around the Old City looked like during the middle Ages.

• Rynek Glowny
• Maly Rynek (Little Marketplace)
• Plac Mariacki (Mary´s Square)
• Plac Wszystkich Swietych (All Saints’ Square)
• Plac sw. Marii Magdaleny (St. Mary Magdalene Square)
• Plac Szczepanski (Stefanus Square)
• Plac sw. Ducha (Square of the Holy Spirit)

• Palac Biskupow Krakowskich
• Palac Erazma Ciolka (Palace of Erazm Ciolek)
• Palac Sztuki (Palace of Art)
• Palac Wielkopolskich (Palace of the Wielkopolskis)
• Palac Zabarskich (Palace of the Zabarskis)
• Palac Pod Baranami (Palace Under the Lambs)
• Palac Pod Krzysztofory (Palace under the Krzysztofory)

• St. Mary’s Church
• Church of St. Anne
• St. Adalbert’s Church (Kosciol sw. Wojciecha), Rynek Glowny
• St. Peter and Paul Church
• St. Andrew Church
• St. Giles Church
• St. Trinity Church
• St. Marc Church
• St. Thomas Church
• Holy Cross Church
• St. Martin Church
• Pijary Church
• St. John’s the Baptist and St. John’s the Evangelist Church
• St. Francis Church
• St. Barbara Church
• Reformatory Church of St. Casimir
• St. Joseph Church
• Church Of Our Lady Of Snows

• Dominicans
• Franciscans
• Klarysek is a small monastery near the Wawel.
• Dominikanek is a small monastery east of the Little Market.

University Buildings
• Collegium Maius
• Collegium Juridicum
• Collegium Medicum
• Collegium Novum
• Pope John Paul II Akademia
• Jagiellonian University

• The Planty park
• Wawel Gardens

Museums and Galleries
• National Museum branches
• Czartoryski Museum
• The Gallery of The 19th-Century Polish Art the Sukiennice, Rynek Glowny
• Jan Matejko Museum
• Jozef Mehoffer Museum
• Stanislaw Wyspianski Museum
• Krakow Historical Museum
• Main Building (Palac Krzysztofory), Rynek Glowny 35
• Rynek Underground, Rynek Glowny 1
• Town Hall Tower, Rynek Glowny
• Barbican, City Defense Walls
• Archeological Museum
• Natural History Museum
• Bunker of Art (Bunkier Sztuki)
• International Cultural Centre
• The Home Army Museum

• Juliusz Slowacki Theatre
• Old Theatre
• Kameralny Theatre
• Bagatela Theatre
• Groteska Theatre
• Scene under the Town Hall
• PWST Theatre
• Krakow Philharmonic

Best time to visit / climate

• The climate is mostly temperate throughout the country.
• The climate is oceanic in the north and west.
• It becomes gradually warmer and continental towards the south and east.
• Summers are generally warm.
• It is with average temperatures between 18 °C (64 °F) and 30 °C (86.0 °F).
• Winters are rather cold.
• There are with average temperatures around 3 °C (37.4 °F) in the northwest and 6 °C (21 °F) in the northeast.
• Precipitation falls throughout the year.
• The warmest region in Poland is Lower Silesian that is located in south-western Poland.

Location on Google Maps

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How to get to Poland?

1. By plane
• Most of Europe’s major airlines fly to and from Poland.
• Poland’s national carriers are LOT Polish Airlines.
• There are also a number of low cost airlines that fly to Poland. These include:
– WizzAir
– EasyJet
– Germanwings
– Norwegian
– Ryanair
There are also direct flights from United States and Canada. LOT operates direct flights from:
– Toronto
– New York
– Chicago
– Non-direct flights from other cities
International airlines fly mainly to Warsaw (WAW). Other major airports in Poland are:
– Krakow
– Katowice
– Gdask
– Pozna
– Wrocaw
– Szczecin
– Rzeszow
– Bydgoszcz
A new terminal has been opened at the Warsaw Chopin airport which will significantly increase the airport’s capacity.

2. By Train
Direct connections with:
• Berlin
• Amsterdam, via Koeln, Hannover
• Kiev via Lviv
• Vienna
• Prague
• Moscow

3. By Car
You can enter Poland by one of many roads linking Poland with the neighboring countries.

4. By Bus
There are many international bus lines that connect major Polish cities.
• Voyager
• Eurolines
• Ecolines
• PolskiBus.com
• Simple Express

5. By Boat
• From Sweden
– Ystad by Unity Line
– Karlskrona by Stena Line
– Nynashamn
– Visby
– Ystad by Polferries

• From Denmark
– Copenhagen
– Bornholm

• From Finland
– Helsinki by Finnlines

• From Germany
– Rostock by Finnlines

6. By Yacht
There are more and more ports along Polish coast. Bigger marinas are located in:
– Szczecin
– Eba
– Hel
– Gdynia
– Gdask

7. By plane
– Polish national carrier LOT has daily connections.
– These are between the biggest cities with a hub in Warsaw.

8. By train
– In Poland, the national railway carriers are PKP InterCity and Przewozy Regionalne.
– There are few local carriers that belong to voivod ships or major cities.
– Train tickets are quite economical.
There are new InterCity routes such as:
• Warsaw – Katowice
• Warsaw – Krakow
• Warsaw – Pozna
• Pozna – Szczecin
Train types
• E-IC (ExpressInterCity) / EC (EuroCity) / Ex (Express)
• TLK (Twoje Linie Kolejowe)
• RE (RegioEkspress)
• IR (InterRegio)
• REGIO / Osobowy
• Podmiejski
• Narrow gauge

Some Travel Books on Poland

Poland Lonely Planet Poland Poland: A Unique Country & Its People

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at tripadvisor.in
Hotels at staypoland.com
Hotels at travelpoland.com

Blogs / Sites about Poland

blogs at wikipedia.org
blogs at wikitravel.org
blogs at lonelyplanet.com
blogs and reviews at inyourpocket.com

Images and photos of Poland

images at google.com
images at wikipedia.org
images at worldtravelimages.net
Images at virtualtourist.com

Videos of Poland

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