February 2013
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Klodzko Fortress – complex of the Lower Silesian Voivodeship in southwestern Poland.

Poland is a country located in Central Europe. It has a long Baltic Sea coastline. It is bordered by:
• Belarus
• Czech Republic
• Germany
• Lithuania
• Russia
• Slovakia
• Ukraine

Klodzko Fortress is a unique fortification complex of the Lower Silesian Voivodeship which is in southwestern Poland.

Overview of Klodzko Fortress

• The fortress once was one of the biggest strongholds in Prussian Silesia.
• In the entire German Empire, it was regarded as a minor one.
• Together with an extensive network of tunnels, it is one of the biggest attractions of the town of K?odzko.
• It has an underground labyrinth.
• It also has a repository of for different objects.
• These include objects from old fire engines to local glassware.

The Fortress of Klodzko
• The fortress and the fortifications of K?odzko are one of the best kept 17th- 18 centuries defensive systems.
• Defensive buildings occupy about 30hectare of the surface.
• This surface occupies the Main Fortress as well as the auxiliary fort the Sheep Mountain on the second side of the river.
• From the market square we can see only small part of the fortress.
• The magnitude from crossing moat and coming in to fortified building is very large.
• The south gate of fortress can be reached from the market square by one of the oldest streets of the town known as the Czeska Street.
• On the gate visible is a Prussian eagle with sceptre and apple.
• It has letters FR on breasts, which marks Fryderykus Rex (Fryderyk King).
• Behind the gate, in slope of fortress, there is the board commemorating of Wojciech K?trzynski.
• It was detained between 1865-1866.
• This was done for participation in January Rise.
• Crossing further one can go out on Tumski courtyard.
• Over the exit there is a visible inscription DOM – COURTINE.
• It is a shortcut from words “Deo of Optimum the Maximum”.
• It is a souvenir.
• On the left there is a side Rampart Bell-ringer, below a Dark Gate.
• In this is the Well Tumska from 1393.
• On the right side we will see the figure of Ludomila Valeska.
• It is considered the legendary ruler of fortress.
• On going up there is a courtyard that is between Alarm Rampart and High Rampart.
• Further we come in on the artillery platform of Scenic Rampart.
• A splendid view stretches on the town from here.
• The view is splendid of the mountain entangling the Valley of Klodzko.
• Behind we can see the edge of High Rampart.
• From the Scenic Rampart we go to the Low Rampart.

Sappers’ Tunnels
• One can visit the labyrinth of sappers’ tunnels with the help of a guide.
• It is the net of corridors hollow in rocks.
• They are under battle slopes of fortress.
• It was built in the 18th century.
• The underground tunnels served to besieging enemy’s artillery positions.
• It was also used for liquidating enemy’s tunnels.
• The total length of corridors is about 40 km.
• They were never used.

At Present
• In 1945, the stronghold together with the city became part of Poland.
• Between May and October, it is open from 9:00 to 19:00.
• In the winter, it is open from 9:00 to 16:00.
• From its top, there is a magnificent view of the Klodzko Valley.
• It is also possible to visit the cellars, with an impressive labyrinth of the underground corridors.
• They were excavated in the 19th century by prisoners of war.
• The stronghold’s complex covers the area of 17 hectares.
• Its lower walls are 11 meters thick.
• The upper walls are around four meters.
• It is considered the largest and the best preserved fortress of its kind in Poland.

Sports in Poland

• Mountain hikes
• Water sports
• Skiing
• Horse riding
• Cycling
• First bungee jump
• Paintball encounter
• Rock climbing

Best time to visit / climate

• The climate is mostly temperate throughout the country.
• The climate is oceanic in the north and west.
• It becomes gradually warmer and continental towards the south and east.
• Summers are generally warm.
• It is with average temperatures between 18 °C (64 °F) and 30 °C (86.0 °F).
• Winters are rather cold.
• There are with average temperatures around 3 °C (37.4 °F) in the northwest and 6 °C (21 °F) in the northeast.
• Precipitation falls throughout the year.
• The warmest region in Poland is Lower Silesian that is located in south-western Poland.

Location on Google Maps

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How to get to Poland?

1. By plane
• Most of Europe’s major airlines fly to and from Poland.
• Poland’s national carriers are LOT Polish Airlines.
• There are also a number of low cost airlines that fly to Poland. These include:
– WizzAir
– EasyJet
– Germanwings
– Norwegian
– Ryanair
There are also direct flights from United States and Canada. LOT operates direct flights from:
– Toronto
– New York
– Chicago
– Non-direct flights from other cities
International airlines fly mainly to Warsaw (WAW). Other major airports in Poland are:
– Krakow
– Katowice
– Gdask
– Pozna
– Wrocaw
– Szczecin
– Rzeszow
– Bydgoszcz
A new terminal has been opened at the Warsaw Chopin airport which will significantly increase the airport’s capacity.

2. By Train
Direct connections with:
• Berlin
• Amsterdam, via Koeln, Hannover
• Kiev via Lviv
• Vienna
• Prague
• Moscow

3. By Car
You can enter Poland by one of many roads linking Poland with the neighboring countries.

4. By Bus
There are many international bus lines that connect major Polish cities.
• Voyager
• Eurolines
• Ecolines
• PolskiBus.com
• Simple Express

5. By Boat
• From Sweden
– Ystad by Unity Line
– Karlskrona by Stena Line
– Nynashamn
– Visby
– Ystad by Polferries

• From Denmark
– Copenhagen
– Bornholm

• From Finland
– Helsinki by Finnlines

• From Germany
– Rostock by Finnlines

6. By Yacht
There are more and more ports along Polish coast. Bigger marinas are located in:
– Szczecin
– Eba
– Hel
– Gdynia
– Gdask

7. By plane
– Polish national carrier LOT has daily connections.
– These are between the biggest cities with a hub in Warsaw.

8. By train
– In Poland, the national railway carriers are PKP InterCity and Przewozy Regionalne.
– There are few local carriers that belong to voivod ships or major cities.
– Train tickets are quite economical.
There are new InterCity routes such as:
• Warsaw – Katowice
• Warsaw – Krakow
• Warsaw – Pozna
• Pozna – Szczecin
Train types
• E-IC (ExpressInterCity) / EC (EuroCity) / Ex (Express)
• TLK (Twoje Linie Kolejowe)
• RE (RegioEkspress)
• IR (InterRegio)
• REGIO / Osobowy
• Podmiejski
• Narrow gauge

Some Travel Books on Poland

Poland Lonely Planet Poland Poland: A Unique Country & Its People

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at tripadvisor.in
Hotels at staypoland.com
Hotels at travelpoland.com

Blogs / Sites about Poland

Blogs at wikipedia.org
Blogs at klodzko.pl
Blogs at frommers.com
Blogs and reviews at tripadvisor.in

Images and photos of Poland

Images at google.com
Images at wikipedia.org
Images at klodzko.pl
Images at pictures.polandforall.com

Videos of Poland

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