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Kalwaria Zebrzydowska Park – a Mannerist architectural and park landscape complex in Poland




Poland is a country located in Central Europe. It has a long Baltic Sea coastline. It is bordered by:
• Belarus
• Czech Republic
• Germany
• Lithuania
• Russia
• Slovakia
• Ukraine

Kalwaria Zebrzydowska Park is a Mannerist architectural and park landscape complex.

Overview of Kalwaria Zebrzydowska Park

• It is a pilgrimage park.
• It was built in the 17th century.
• This was built as the Counter Reformation in the late 16th century.
• This led to the prosperity in the creation of Calvaries in Catholic Europe.
• The park is located near the town of Kalwaria Zebrzydowska.
• This is hence named with the same name as the park.
• It was added in 1999 to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.
• Kalwaria Zebrzydowska was established in 1600.
• It was established by Mikolaj Zebrzydowski, voivode of Krakow.
• It was built for Franciscan monks.
• It was modeled on the 1584 map of Jerusalem by Christian Kruik van Adrichem.

Structures in Kalwaria Zebrzydowska Park

• Basilica of St. Mary was established by Mikolaj Zebrzydowski.
• This was for Order of Friars Minor.
• The church was designed by Jan Maria Bernardoni.
• The construction process was conducted by Paul Baudarth.
• He was an architect and goldsmith from Antwerp.
• He built it in between 1603-1609.
• Ecce Homo Chapel was built on the plan of the Greek cross.
• It was built in between 1605-1609 by Paul Baudarth.
• The vault adorned with profuse stucco decorations.
• These decorations were in the style of Dutch mannerism.
• Chapel of the Crucifixion is the first structure built by Mikolaj Zebrzydowski in Kalwaria.
• It gave a beginning to the whole complex.
• It was constructed in between 1600-1601.
• Heart of Mary Chapel was built on the plan of a heart in 1615.
• This was also built by Paul Baudarth.
• The chapel depicts Jesus’ encounter with Mary on the road to Calvary.
• The 17th-century Baroque church of the Angelic Mother of God’s adjoins the Franciscan monastery of the same age.
• Their most worshiped place is the chapel with Our Lady of Kalwaria miraculous picture.
• This is followed by the chapel of St. Anthony of Padua.
• It is the starting point of several overlapping pilgrimage circuits.
• This is the Passion Path in the first place, laid out in hilly woodland from one Baroque chapel to another.
• Each of the 42 tiny churches is different.
• They represent a Jerusalem site that is prominent in the New Testament and the Christian tradition.

These include:
– The Virgin Mary’s Cottage or Herod’s Place
– Hills and streams bear such names as Zion, Golgotha, and Mount of Olives.

Holy Traditions and famous Festivals
• Polish grassroots Catholicism
• Good Friday feasts
• August 15, the Assumption day.

Sports in Poland

• Mountain hikes
• Water sports
• Skiing
• Horse riding
• Cycling
• First bungee jump
• Paintball encounter
• Rock climbing

Best time to visit / climate

• The climate is mostly temperate throughout the country.
• The climate is oceanic in the north and west.
• It becomes gradually warmer and continental towards the south and east.
• Summers are generally warm.
• It is with average temperatures between 18 °C (64 °F) and 30 °C (86.0 °F).
• Winters are rather cold.
• There are with average temperatures around 3 °C (37.4 °F) in the northwest and 6 °C (21 °F) in the northeast.
• Precipitation falls throughout the year.
• The warmest region in Poland is Lower Silesian that is located in south-western Poland.

Location on Google Maps


View Larger Map

Or click and paste the URL below on your browser:
http://maps.google.co.in/maps?hl=en&q=Wooden+Churches+of+Peace+in+Jawor+and+%C5%9Awidnica&bpcl=39650382&biw=1024&bih=653&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.r_qf.&um=1&ie=UTF-8&sa=N&tab=wl

How to get to Poland?

1. By plane
• Most of Europe’s major airlines fly to and from Poland.
• Poland’s national carriers are LOT Polish Airlines.
• There are also a number of low cost airlines that fly to Poland. These include:
– WizzAir
– EasyJet
– Germanwings
– Norwegian
– Ryanair
There are also direct flights from United States and Canada. LOT operates direct flights from:
– Toronto
– New York
– Chicago
– Non-direct flights from other cities
International airlines fly mainly to Warsaw (WAW). Other major airports in Poland are:
– Krakow
– Katowice
– Gdask
– Pozna
– Wrocaw
– Szczecin
– Rzeszow
– Bydgoszcz
A new terminal has been opened at the Warsaw Chopin airport which will significantly increase the airport’s capacity.

2. By Train
Direct connections with:
• Berlin
• Amsterdam, via Koeln, Hannover
• Kiev via Lviv
• Vienna
• Prague
• Moscow

3. By Car
You can enter Poland by one of many roads linking Poland with the neighboring countries.

4. By Bus
There are many international bus lines that connect major Polish cities.
• Voyager
• Eurolines
• Ecolines
• PolskiBus.com
• Simple Express

5. By Boat
• From Sweden
– Ystad by Unity Line
– Karlskrona by Stena Line
– Nynashamn
– Visby
– Ystad by Polferries

• From Denmark
– Copenhagen
– Bornholm

• From Finland
– Helsinki by Finnlines

• From Germany
– Rostock by Finnlines

6. By Yacht
There are more and more ports along Polish coast. Bigger marinas are located in:
– Szczecin
– Eba
– Hel
– Gdynia
– Gdask

7. By plane
– Polish national carrier LOT has daily connections.
– These are between the biggest cities with a hub in Warsaw.

8. By train
– In Poland, the national railway carriers are PKP InterCity and Przewozy Regionalne.
– There are few local carriers that belong to voivod ships or major cities.
– Train tickets are quite economical.
There are new InterCity routes such as:
• Warsaw – Katowice
• Warsaw – Krakow
• Warsaw – Pozna
• Pozna – Szczecin
Train types
• E-IC (ExpressInterCity) / EC (EuroCity) / Ex (Express)
• TLK (Twoje Linie Kolejowe)
• RE (RegioEkspress)
• IR (InterRegio)
• REGIO / Osobowy
• Podmiejski
• Narrow gauge

Some Travel Books on Poland

Poland Lonely Planet Poland Poland: A Unique Country & Its People

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at tripadvisor.in
Hotels at staypoland.com
Hotels at travelpoland.com

Blogs / Sites about Poland

blogs at wikipedia.org
blogs at jasnagora.pl
blogs at bellaonline.com
blogs at krakow-poland.com

Images and photos of Poland

images at google.com
images at wikipedia.org
images at krakow4you.net
images at kalwaria.eu

Videos of Poland






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