February 2013
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Grussau Abbey – a historical Cistercian monastery in Krzeszow.

Poland is a country located in Central Europe. It has a long Baltic Sea coastline. It is bordered by:
• Belarus
• Czech Republic
• Germany
• Lithuania
• Russia
• Slovakia
• Ukraine

Overview of Grussau Abbey

• Grussau Abbey is also known as Krzeszow Abbey refers to a historical Cistercian monastery in Krzeszow.
• This is located in Lower Silesia.
• This is to a house of the Benedictine Order in the town of Bad Wimpfen in Baden-Wurttemberg.
• This is where the German Grussau community moved in 1947.
• This is after their former abbey had become Polish.
• Grussau Abbey is a 1242 Benedictine foundation.
• From 1289 to 1810 it was run by Cistercians.
• This was until it was secularized by the Prussian state.
• Till 1919, Grussau Abbey was again run by Benedictines.
• It exiles from Prague.
• The new location in post-war West Germany was also referred to as Grussau Abbey or Grussau-Wimpfen.
• The site of the abbey in Krzeszow then became known as Krzeszow Abbey.
• The monastery at Grussau in Lower Silesia was founded by Anna of Bohemia.
• This was founded on 8 May 1242.
• It was settled with Benedictine monks.
• This was descending from the abbey of Opatovice in Bohemia.
• In 1289 Anna’s grandson Duke Bolko I of Swidnica again acquired the abbey’s lands.
• He then gave them to the Cistercians at Henrykow.
• He consecrated the new Assumption of Mary Monastery Church in 1292.
• The Silesian Duchy of Swidnica was finally incorporated into the Kingdom of Bohemia in 1392.
• Grussau Abbey was destroyed during the Hussite Wars.
• It was particularly connected with the Silesian mystic Angelus Silesius.
• From 1728 on the abbey church was rebuilt in a Baroque style.
• This includes several sculptures by Ferdinand Brokoff as well as paintings by Petr Brandl and Michael Willmann.
• Grussau was conquered by King Frederick II of Prussia in 1742.
• This finally secularized in 1810 during the Napoleonic Wars.
• The church became a parish church.
• In 1947 Krzeszow Abbey was resettled by Polish Benedictine nuns expelled from Lviv.

Sports in Poland

• Mountain hikes
• Water sports
• Skiing
• Horse riding
• Cycling
• First bungee jump
• Paintball encounter
• Rock climbing

Best time to visit / climate

• The climate is mostly temperate throughout the country.
• The climate is oceanic in the north and west.
• It becomes gradually warmer and continental towards the south and east.
• Summers are generally warm.
• It is with average temperatures between 18 °C (64 °F) and 30 °C (86.0 °F).
• Winters are rather cold.
• There are with average temperatures around 3 °C (37.4 °F) in the northwest and 6 °C (21 °F) in the northeast.
• Precipitation falls throughout the year.
• The warmest region in Poland is Lower Silesian that is located in south-western Poland.

Location on Google Maps

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How to get to Poland?

1. By plane
• Most of Europe’s major airlines fly to and from Poland.
• Poland’s national carriers are LOT Polish Airlines.
• There are also a number of low cost airlines that fly to Poland. These include:
– WizzAir
– EasyJet
– Germanwings
– Norwegian
– Ryanair
There are also direct flights from United States and Canada. LOT operates direct flights from:
– Toronto
– New York
– Chicago
– Non-direct flights from other cities
International airlines fly mainly to Warsaw (WAW). Other major airports in Poland are:
– Krakow
– Katowice
– Gdask
– Pozna
– Wrocaw
– Szczecin
– Rzeszow
– Bydgoszcz
A new terminal has been opened at the Warsaw Chopin airport which will significantly increase the airport’s capacity.

2. By Train
Direct connections with:
• Berlin
• Amsterdam, via Koeln, Hannover
• Kiev via Lviv
• Vienna
• Prague
• Moscow

3. By Car
You can enter Poland by one of many roads linking Poland with the neighboring countries.

4. By Bus
There are many international bus lines that connect major Polish cities.
• Voyager
• Eurolines
• Ecolines
• PolskiBus.com
• Simple Express

5. By Boat
• From Sweden
– Ystad by Unity Line
– Karlskrona by Stena Line
– Nynashamn
– Visby
– Ystad by Polferries

• From Denmark
– Copenhagen
– Bornholm

• From Finland
– Helsinki by Finnlines

• From Germany
– Rostock by Finnlines

6. By Yacht
There are more and more ports along Polish coast. Bigger marinas are located in:
– Szczecin
– Eba
– Hel
– Gdynia
– Gdask

7. By plane
– Polish national carrier LOT has daily connections.
– These are between the biggest cities with a hub in Warsaw.

8. By train
– In Poland, the national railway carriers are PKP InterCity and Przewozy Regionalne.
– There are few local carriers that belong to voivod ships or major cities.
– Train tickets are quite economical.
There are new InterCity routes such as:
• Warsaw – Katowice
• Warsaw – Krakow
• Warsaw – Pozna
• Pozna – Szczecin
Train types
• E-IC (ExpressInterCity) / EC (EuroCity) / Ex (Express)
• TLK (Twoje Linie Kolejowe)
• RE (RegioEkspress)
• IR (InterRegio)
• REGIO / Osobowy
• Podmiejski
• Narrow gauge

Some Travel Books on Poland

Poland Lonely Planet Poland Poland: A Unique Country & Its People

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at tripadvisor.in
Hotels at staypoland.com
Hotels at travelpoland.com

Blogs / Sites about Poland

blogs at wikipedia.org
blogs at mappedtravel.com
blogs and reviews at travelblog.org

Images and photos of Poland

images at google.com
images at wikipedia.org
images at 360cities.net

Abbey cementery in Krzeszów (Grüssau) Abbey in Poland

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