February 2013
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Grodziec Castle – situated in the Silesia region of Poland.

Poland is a country located in Central Europe. It has a long Baltic Sea coastline. It is bordered by:
• Belarus
• Czech Republic
• Germany
• Lithuania
• Russia
• Slovakia
• Ukraine

Overview of Grodziec Castle

• Grodziec castle is situated in the Silesia region of Poland.
• It has a history dating back to 1155.
• This castle was initially a wooden terrestrial castle.
• Later, it was replaced by a brick one.
• Henryk I the Bearded replaced the building.
• The credit of the foundation of the castle church is given to Saint Hedwig.
• In the 14th and partially in the 15th centuries this castle belonged to the property of the family of Busewoy.
• The building was captured and plundered by a Hussite detachment in the period of the Hussite Wars.
• The Prince of Legnica, Friedrich I brought it in 1470.
• Master bricklayers were brought from Wroclaw and Gorlitz.
• He gave the establishment its present-day spatial structure.
• Later, Friedrich II continued the work on the castle after death of the prince.
• This castle went to become one of the most beautiful Gothic-Renaissance residences in Silesia.
• The final work coincided with the wedding of the Prince to Princess Sophie von Hohenzollern.
• A grand feast was held in the castle.
• A knightly tournament was arranged outside.
• The castle was captured and burned by the forces of Prince Albrecht von Wallenstein.
• This was in the time of the Thirty Years’ War.
• The fortress was left with some parts.
• In the 17th and 18th centuries efforts were made to rebuild Grodziec.
• They remained incomplete.
• In the 19th century, more work of preservation and reconstruction was taken up.
• Reconstruction was stopped during the Napoleonic Wars.
• During mid-1830s the castle was an attraction to many tourist excursions.
• This castle turned to being one of the most attractive historical buildings in Europe.
• Reconstruction was started again in the 20th century.
• Baron dr Wilibald von Dirksen was the owner of the castle then.
• He handed over to respected architect and conservator, Bodo Ebhardt.
• In 1908, Emperor Wilhelm II opened after the completion of renovations.
• The castle was later transferred to Silesian Society of History and Antiquarianism Lovers.
• This was done for it to be used as a museum, restaurant and a shelter-home.
• In 1945, the castle along with some of its possessions was burnt.
• The castle is partly in ruins at present.
• It also features a hotel, splendid eatery services inside.
• Many medieval tournaments featuring jousting and sword fighting are also held here.

Sports in Poland

• Mountain hikes
• Water sports
• Skiing
• Horse riding
• Cycling
• First bungee jump
• Paintball encounter
• Rock climbing

Best time to visit / climate

• The climate is mostly temperate throughout the country.
• The climate is oceanic in the north and west.
• It becomes gradually warmer and continental towards the south and east.
• Summers are generally warm.
• It is with average temperatures between 18 °C (64 °F) and 30 °C (86.0 °F).
• Winters are rather cold.
• There are with average temperatures around 3 °C (37.4 °F) in the northwest and 6 °C (21 °F) in the northeast.
• Precipitation falls throughout the year.
• The warmest region in Poland is Lower Silesian that is located in south-western Poland.

Location on Google Maps

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How to get to Poland?

1. By plane
• Most of Europe’s major airlines fly to and from Poland.
• Poland’s national carriers are LOT Polish Airlines.
• There are also a number of low cost airlines that fly to Poland. These include:
– WizzAir
– EasyJet
– Germanwings
– Norwegian
– Ryanair
There are also direct flights from United States and Canada. LOT operates direct flights from:
– Toronto
– New York
– Chicago
– Non-direct flights from other cities
International airlines fly mainly to Warsaw (WAW). Other major airports in Poland are:
– Krakow
– Katowice
– Gdask
– Pozna
– Wrocaw
– Szczecin
– Rzeszow
– Bydgoszcz
A new terminal has been opened at the Warsaw Chopin airport which will significantly increase the airport’s capacity.

2. By Train
Direct connections with:
• Berlin
• Amsterdam, via Koeln, Hannover
• Kiev via Lviv
• Vienna
• Prague
• Moscow

3. By Car
You can enter Poland by one of many roads linking Poland with the neighboring countries.

4. By Bus
There are many international bus lines that connect major Polish cities.
• Voyager
• Eurolines
• Ecolines
• PolskiBus.com
• Simple Express

5. By Boat
• From Sweden
– Ystad by Unity Line
– Karlskrona by Stena Line
– Nynashamn
– Visby
– Ystad by Polferries

• From Denmark
– Copenhagen
– Bornholm

• From Finland
– Helsinki by Finnlines

• From Germany
– Rostock by Finnlines

6. By Yacht
There are more and more ports along Polish coast. Bigger marinas are located in:
– Szczecin
– Eba
– Hel
– Gdynia
– Gdask

7. By plane
– Polish national carrier LOT has daily connections.
– These are between the biggest cities with a hub in Warsaw.

8. By train
– In Poland, the national railway carriers are PKP InterCity and Przewozy Regionalne.
– There are few local carriers that belong to voivod ships or major cities.
– Train tickets are quite economical.
There are new InterCity routes such as:
• Warsaw – Katowice
• Warsaw – Krakow
• Warsaw – Pozna
• Pozna – Szczecin
Train types
• E-IC (ExpressInterCity) / EC (EuroCity) / Ex (Express)
• TLK (Twoje Linie Kolejowe)
• RE (RegioEkspress)
• IR (InterRegio)
• REGIO / Osobowy
• Podmiejski
• Narrow gauge

Some Travel Books on Poland

Poland Lonely Planet Poland Poland: A Unique Country & Its People

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at tripadvisor.in
Hotels at staypoland.com
Hotels at travelpoland.com

Blogs / Sites about Poland

blogs at wikipedia.org
blogs at trippy.com
blogs at grodziec.com
blogs at goeasteurope.about.com

Images and photos of Poland

Images at google.com
Images at wikipedia.org
Images at castlesontheweb.com
Images at virtualglobetrotting.com

Videos of Poland

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