February 2013
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Gniezno Cathedral – a Gothic cathedral in Gniezno in Poland.

Poland is a country located in Central Europe. It has a long Baltic Sea coastline. It is bordered by:
• Belarus
• Czech Republic
• Germany
• Lithuania
• Russia
• Slovakia
• Ukraine

Overview of Gniezno City

• Gniezno is a city in central-western Poland.
• This city is about 50 km east of Poznan.
• It is known to be approximately inhabited by about 70,000 people.
• It is one of the Piasts chief cities.
• It is also mentioned by 10th century A.D. sources as the capital of Piast Poland.
• The first capital of Piast realm was most likely Giecz that was built around 840s A.D.
• Its Roman Catholic archbishop which is the Archbishop of Gniezno, is the Primate of Poland.
• Gniezno is located in the Greater Poland Voivodeship.
• Earlier it was in Pozna? Voivodeship.
• The city is the administrative capital of the Gniezno County.

About the Gziezno Cathedral

• The Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St. Adalbert is a Gothic cathedral in Gniezno in Poland.
• The Cathedral is popular and well known for its twelfth-century two-winged bronze doors.
• These doors are decorated with scenes of martyrdom of St. Wojciech and a silver relic coffin of that saint.
• The coffin was made by Peter von der Rennen of pure silver in 1662.
• This was when the previous one was robbed by the Swedes in 1655.
• This was somewhere during the Deluge.

Royal Coronations in the Cathedral

• 18 April 1025 – Boleslaw I the Brave
• 25 December 1025 – Mieszko II Lambert and his wife Richensa of Lotharingia
• 25 December 1076 – Boleslaw II the Bold and his wife Wyszeslawa of Kiev
• 26 June 1295 – Przemysl II and his wife Margaret of Brandenburgia
• August 1300 – Wenceslaus II of Bohemia
• 24 April 1340 – Dymitr I of Galicia-Volhynia

Other places of interest in Gniezno city

• The Assumtion and St. Adalbert’s Archcathedral, with the reliques of St. Adalbert
• A Gothic church of St. John the Baptist from mid-XIVth century
• The Archbishopric Museum with precious liturgical vessels
• Gothic parish church of the Holy Trinity from XVth cent
• Gothic-baroque fransiscan Assumption and St. Anthony’s church with the miraculous icon of Our Lady, the Masstress of Gniezno
• Gothic church of St. Michael Archangel from XVth century
• The Primates’ Palace

– The Gniezno Archbishopric Museum
• Open 9.00-17.30 (Mai-Sept, except Mondays)
• 9.00-15.00 (Oct-Apr), except Sundays, Mondays and church holidays

– The Museum of Beginnings of the Polish State
• Open : from Tuesday to Sunday 9:30 – 17:30 (Mai – Sept)
• 10.00-17.00 (Oct-Apr)

– The Municipal Museum

Things to do in Gniezno

• Intern ational Jazz Festival in June
• Internatonal Organ Festival on Sundays in June and July
• The Polish Amateur Film Festival in October
• Juwenalia – the festival of students of the Collegium Europaeum University, in May
• The Nameday of Gniezno in April
• The Gniezno Days in the 2ng half of April
• The Long-Distance International Run of the United Europe at the end of April
• The Flea Markets several times a year
• The Days of St. John June, 24.
• The Polish Piast Bike Rally in June

Sports in Poland

• Mountain hikes
• Water sports
• Skiing
• Horse riding
• Cycling
• First bungee jump
• Paintball encounter
• Rock climbing

Best time to visit / climate

• The climate is mostly temperate throughout the country.
• The climate is oceanic in the north and west.
• It becomes gradually warmer and continental towards the south and east.
• Summers are generally warm.
• It is with average temperatures between 18 °C (64 °F) and 30 °C (86.0 °F).
• Winters are rather cold.
• There are with average temperatures around 3 °C (37.4 °F) in the northwest and 6 °C (21 °F) in the northeast.
• Precipitation falls throughout the year.
• The warmest region in Poland is Lower Silesian that is located in south-western Poland.

Location on Google Maps

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How to get to Poland?

1. By plane
• Most of Europe’s major airlines fly to and from Poland.
• Poland’s national carriers are LOT Polish Airlines.
• There are also a number of low cost airlines that fly to Poland. These include:
– WizzAir
– EasyJet
– Germanwings
– Norwegian
– Ryanair
There are also direct flights from United States and Canada. LOT operates direct flights from:
– Toronto
– New York
– Chicago
– Non-direct flights from other cities
International airlines fly mainly to Warsaw (WAW). Other major airports in Poland are:
– Krakow
– Katowice
– Gdask
– Pozna
– Wrocaw
– Szczecin
– Rzeszow
– Bydgoszcz
A new terminal has been opened at the Warsaw Chopin airport which will significantly increase the airport’s capacity.

2. By Train
Direct connections with:
• Berlin
• Amsterdam, via Koeln, Hannover
• Kiev via Lviv
• Vienna
• Prague
• Moscow

3. By Car
You can enter Poland by one of many roads linking Poland with the neighboring countries.

4. By Bus
There are many international bus lines that connect major Polish cities.
• Voyager
• Eurolines
• Ecolines
• PolskiBus.com
• Simple Express

5. By Boat
• From Sweden
– Ystad by Unity Line
– Karlskrona by Stena Line
– Nynashamn
– Visby
– Ystad by Polferries

• From Denmark
– Copenhagen
– Bornholm

• From Finland
– Helsinki by Finnlines

• From Germany
– Rostock by Finnlines

6. By Yacht
There are more and more ports along Polish coast. Bigger marinas are located in:
– Szczecin
– Eba
– Hel
– Gdynia
– Gdask

7. By plane
– Polish national carrier LOT has daily connections.
– These are between the biggest cities with a hub in Warsaw.

8. By train
– In Poland, the national railway carriers are PKP InterCity and Przewozy Regionalne.
– There are few local carriers that belong to voivod ships or major cities.
– Train tickets are quite economical.
There are new InterCity routes such as:
• Warsaw – Katowice
• Warsaw – Krakow
• Warsaw – Pozna
• Pozna – Szczecin
Train types
• E-IC (ExpressInterCity) / EC (EuroCity) / Ex (Express)
• TLK (Twoje Linie Kolejowe)
• RE (RegioEkspress)
• IR (InterRegio)
• REGIO / Osobowy
• Podmiejski
• Narrow gauge

Some Travel Books on Poland

Poland Lonely Planet Poland Poland: A Unique Country & Its People

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at tripadvisor.in
Hotels at staypoland.com
Hotels at travelpoland.com

Blogs / Sites about Poland

blogs at wikipedia.org
blogs at wikitravel.org
blogs at lonelyplanet.com
blogs and reviews at frommers.

Images and photos of Poland

images at wikipedia.org
images at frommers
images at commons.wikimedia.org

Videos of Poland

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