January 2013
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Some national parks in Poland – Part 1

Poland is a country located in Central Europe. It has a long Baltic Sea coastline. It is bordered by:
• Belarus
• Czech Republic
• Germany
• Lithuania
• Russia
• Slovakia
• Ukraine

About National Parks in Poland

• There are 23 national parks in Poland.
• These were formerly run by the Polish Board of National Parks.
• In 2004 the responsibility was transferred to the Ministry of the Environment.
• Most national parks are divided.
• The total area of ca. 315,000 ha.
• National Parks in Poland holds the major form of nature protection.
• The area of a national park is usually over 1,000 ha. The park protects an area that has unique values of:
– Scientific
– Natural
– Cultural
– Educational

Features of a National Park

• Protects the entire nature.
• Protects specific landscape.
• To study.
• Preserve the unity of natural systems of the area.
• Restore the disturbed or extinct elements.
• Nature conservation.
• The mandate is issued by the Minister of Environmental Protection, Natural Resources and Forestry.

The nature found in mountain ranges is protected by the following parks:
• WH – World Heritage’s Sites
• MaB – Man and the Biosphere’s Sites
• RC – Ramsar Convetion’s Sites
• CED – Council of Europe Diploma’s Sites
• Babiogorski NP
• Bieszczadzki NP
• Gorczanski NP,
• Karkonoski NP
• Magurski NP
• Pieninski NP,
• Stolowe Mountains NP,
• Swietokrzyski NP and
• Tatrzanski NP

The nature of highlands is found in parks:
• Ojcowski NP and
• Roztoczanski NP.

Polish lowlands, forests, lakes, rivers and wetlands have remained in their natural shape in the following parks:
• Bialowieski NP
• Biebrzanski NP
• Borow Tucholskich NP,
• Drawienski NP,
• Kampinoski NP,
• Narwianski NP,
• Poleski NP,
• Ujscie Warty NP
• Wielkopolski NP and
• Wigierski NP

Finally, the parks situated on the Baltic coast are:
• Slowinski NP
• Wolinski NP.

There are three national parks in eastern Poland:
• Jurajski NP,
• Mazurski NP and
• Turnicki NP

Names of the National Parks

• Babiogorski National Park
• Bialowieza National Park
• Biebrza National Park
• Bieszczady National Park
• Tuchola Forest National Park
• Drawa National Park
• Gorce National Park
• National ParkTable Mountain
• Kampinos National Park
• Karkonosze National Park
• Magura National Park
• Narew National Park
• Paternal National Park
• Pieniny National Park
• Poleski National Park
• Roztocze National Park
• Slowinski National Park
• Holy Cross National Park
• Tatra National Park
• National ParkWarta Mouth
• Wielkopolski National Park
• Wigry National Park
• Wolin National Park

Details of few National Parks

1. Babia Gora National Park
Located in the:
• southern part of the country
• in Lesser Poland Voivodeship
• on the border with Slovakia

2. Bialowieza Forest
• The entire area of Eastern Europe was originally covered by virgin forests.

3. Biebrza National Park
• The Biebrza wetlands in this park are important points for birds.
• They nest, feed and rest here.
• There are the Narew River valleys.
• In 1995 the park was designated UNESCO World Heritage Site.

4. Bieszczady National Park
• This is the third largest National Park in Poland.
• It is located in Subcarpathian Voivodeship.
• This is in the extreme south-east corner of the country.
• It borders Slovakia and Ukraine.

Best time to visit / climate

• The climate is mostly temperate throughout the country.
• The climate is oceanic in the north and west.
• It becomes gradually warmer and continental towards the south and east.
• Summers are generally warm.
• It is with average temperatures between 18 °C (64 °F) and 30 °C (86.0 °F).
• Winters are rather cold.
• There are with average temperatures around 3 °C (37.4 °F) in the northwest and 6 °C (21 °F) in the northeast.
• Precipitation falls throughout the year.
• The warmest region in Poland is Lower Silesian that is located in south-western Poland.

Location on Google Maps

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How to get to Poland?

1. By plane
• Most of Europe’s major airlines fly to and from Poland.
• Poland’s national carriers are LOT Polish Airlines.
• There are also a number of low cost airlines that fly to Poland. These include:
– WizzAir
– EasyJet
– Germanwings
– Norwegian
– Ryanair
There are also direct flights from United States and Canada. LOT operates direct flights from:
– Toronto
– New York
– Chicago
– Non-direct flights from other cities
International airlines fly mainly to Warsaw (WAW). Other major airports in Poland are:
– Krakow
– Katowice
– Gdask
– Pozna
– Wrocaw
– Szczecin
– Rzeszow
– Bydgoszcz
A new terminal has been opened at the Warsaw Chopin airport which will significantly increase the airport’s capacity.

2. By Train
Direct connections with:
• Berlin
• Amsterdam, via Koeln, Hannover
• Kiev via Lviv
• Vienna
• Prague
• Moscow

3. By Car
You can enter Poland by one of many roads linking Poland with the neighboring countries.

4. By Bus
There are many international bus lines that connect major Polish cities.
• Voyager
• Eurolines
• Ecolines
• PolskiBus.com
• Simple Express

5. By Boat
• From Sweden
– Ystad by Unity Line
– Karlskrona by Stena Line
– Nynashamn
– Visby
– Ystad by Polferries

• From Denmark
– Copenhagen
– Bornholm

• From Finland
– Helsinki by Finnlines

• From Germany
– Rostock by Finnlines

6. By Yacht
There are more and more ports along Polish coast. Bigger marinas are located in:
– Szczecin
– Eba
– Hel
– Gdynia
– Gdask

7. By plane
– Polish national carrier LOT has daily connections.
– These are between the biggest cities with a hub in Warsaw.

8. By train
– In Poland, the national railway carriers are PKP InterCity and Przewozy Regionalne.
– There are few local carriers that belong to voivod ships or major cities.
– Train tickets are quite economical.
There are new InterCity routes such as:
• Warsaw – Katowice
• Warsaw – Krakow
• Warsaw – Pozna
• Pozna – Szczecin
Train types
• E-IC (ExpressInterCity) / EC (EuroCity) / Ex (Express)
• TLK (Twoje Linie Kolejowe)
• RE (RegioEkspress)
• IR (InterRegio)
• REGIO / Osobowy
• Podmiejski
• Narrow gauge

Some Travel Books on Poland

Poland Lonely Planet Poland Poland: A Unique Country & Its People

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at tripadvisor.in
Hotels at staypoland.com
Hotels at travelpoland.com

Blogs / Sites about Poland

Blogs at wikipedia.org
Blogs at travelpoland.info
Blogs at travbuddy.com
Blogs and reviews at travelblog.org

Images and photos of Poland

Images at google.com
Images at wikipedia.org
Images at euratlas.com
Images at tripadvisor.com

Videos of Poland

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