January 2013
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Poland – Wroclaw Old Town: Ostrow Tumski, Market Square – Part 1

Poland is a country located in Central Europe. It has a long Baltic Sea coastline. It is bordered by:
• Belarus
• Czech Republic
• Germany
• Lithuania
• Russia
• Slovakia
• Ukraine

Wroclaw is the largest city in the Dolnosl?skie Voivodeship in Poland. Wroclaw is a historic capital of Silesia. Wroclaw is a city where football matches during Euro 2012 were played.

Overview of Wroclaw Old Town

• Wroclaw’s Old Town is its historical center.
• It is also today’s social and cultural center.
• One will find the city’s most splendid architecture here.
• One can also find the city’s best shops, restaurants, bars, galleries and museums.
• The epicenter and life hub of the Old Town is of course the Main Market Square, or ‘Rynek’.
• Adjoining is the Market Square. It is equally beautiful Plac Solny. This is also known as the Salt Market.
• Many a nobleman built his mansion on this prime spot.
• One can admire their colorful facades at present.
• Along with perusing the picturesque flower market that trades on the square itself, the environment can be enjoyed.
• Also adjoining the Rynek, is the towering St. Elizabeth’s Church.
• This was built in the 14th Century by the Gothic monster.
• It is one of the city’s most famous landmarks.
• It offers splendid vistas from its viewing tower.
• To the North of the Old Town, penned in between the Rynek and the river Odra, is the University Quarter. It is a small but lively district. It is dominated by the Wroclaw University building itself. The University Quarter is also the gateway to many of Wroclaw’s islands.
• The two biggest attractions of the place are:
– The National Museum
– Panorama of Raclawica
• In the vicinity, there is Academy of Fine Arts and the Museum of Architecture.

Wroclaw Town Hall

• Address: Town Hall, ul. Sukiennice 14, south side of the Rynek.
• Opening Times : 11am – 5pm (Monday closed)
• Admission 4z
• It serves as the Museum of City Art.
• The construction of the town hall began in the 14th century.
• It was one of the major buildings in Wroclaw which is known to survive World War 2.
• The interior has the stunning Gothic interiors.

Ostrow Tumski

• They are a group of islands on the Oder River.
• They have beautiful Cathedrals and a few hundred year old buildings.
• One can take a walk through mystery brick stoned streets.
• This is a MUST.
• It is complete with hand-lit oil lamps lit.
• Cathedral of St. John the Baptist, ul. Katedralna
• Opening Times : 10am – 6pm (Sundays closed)
• Admission 4z
• Tower admission 5z
• This cathedral dates back to the 13th century.
• It features stunning architecture.
• It also features the largest church organ in Poland.
• It has elevator to the top.
• There are good river views from the top.

Best time to visit / climate

• The climate is mostly temperate throughout the country.
• The climate is oceanic in the north and west.
• It becomes gradually warmer and continental towards the south and east.
• Summers are generally warm.
• It is with average temperatures between 18 °C (64 °F) and 30 °C (86.0 °F).
• Winters are rather cold.
• There are with average temperatures around 3 °C (37.4 °F) in the northwest and 6 °C (21 °F) in the northeast.
• Precipitation falls throughout the year.
• The warmest region in Poland is Lower Silesian that is located in south-western Poland.

Location on Google Maps

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How to get to Poland?

1. By plane
• Most of Europe’s major airlines fly to and from Poland.
• Poland’s national carriers are LOT Polish Airlines.
• There are also a number of low cost airlines that fly to Poland. These include:
– WizzAir
– EasyJet
– Germanwings
– Norwegian
– Ryanair
There are also direct flights from United States and Canada. LOT operates direct flights from:
– Toronto
– New York
– Chicago
– Non-direct flights from other cities
International airlines fly mainly to Warsaw (WAW). Other major airports in Poland are:
– Krakow
– Katowice
– Gdask
– Pozna
– Wrocaw
– Szczecin
– Rzeszow
– Bydgoszcz
A new terminal has been opened at the Warsaw Chopin airport which will significantly increase the airport’s capacity.

2. By Train
Direct connections with:
• Berlin
• Amsterdam, via Koeln, Hannover
• Kiev via Lviv
• Vienna
• Prague
• Moscow

3. By Car
You can enter Poland by one of many roads linking Poland with the neighboring countries.

4. By Bus
There are many international bus lines that connect major Polish cities.
• Voyager
• Eurolines
• Ecolines
• PolskiBus.com
• Simple Express

5. By Boat
• From Sweden
– Ystad by Unity Line
– Karlskrona by Stena Line
– Nynashamn
– Visby
– Ystad by Polferries

• From Denmark
– Copenhagen
– Bornholm

• From Finland
– Helsinki by Finnlines

• From Germany
– Rostock by Finnlines

6. By Yacht
There are more and more ports along Polish coast. Bigger marinas are located in:
– Szczecin
– Eba
– Hel
– Gdynia
– Gdask

7. By plane
– Polish national carrier LOT has daily connections.
– These are between the biggest cities with a hub in Warsaw.

8. By train
– In Poland, the national railway carriers are PKP InterCity and Przewozy Regionalne.
– There are few local carriers that belong to voivod ships or major cities.
– Train tickets are quite economical.
There are new InterCity routes such as:
• Warsaw – Katowice
• Warsaw – Krakow
• Warsaw – Pozna
• Pozna – Szczecin
Train types
• E-IC (ExpressInterCity) / EC (EuroCity) / Ex (Express)
• TLK (Twoje Linie Kolejowe)
• RE (RegioEkspress)
• IR (InterRegio)
• REGIO / Osobowy
• Podmiejski
• Narrow gauge

Some Travel Books on Poland

Poland Lonely Planet Poland Poland: A Unique Country & Its People

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at tripadvisor.in
Hotels at staypoland.com
Hotels at travelpoland.com

Blogs / Sites about Poland – Wroclaw Old Town: Ostrow Tumski, Market Square

Blogs at wikitravel.org
Blogs at tripadvisor.in
Blogs at wroclaw-life.com
Blogs and reviews at inyourpocket.com

Images and photos of Poland – Wroclaw Old Town: Ostrow Tumski, Market Square

Images at google.com
Images at wikitravel.org
Images at wroclaw-life.com
Images at tripadvisor.com

Videos of Poland – Wroclaw Old Town: Ostrow Tumski, Market Square

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