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Poland – Wratislavia Cantans or International Festival of Oratorio and Cantata Music




Poland is a country located in Central Europe. It has a long Baltic Sea coastline. It is bordered by:
• Belarus
• Czech Republic
• Germany
• Lithuania
• Russia
• Slovakia
• Ukraine

Wratislavia Cantans is also known as the International Festival of Oratorio and Cantata Music.

Overview of Wratislavia Cantans

• It is held every September in Wroclaw in Poland.
• The first festival was organized in 1966.
• This was organized by Andrzej Markowski who was a composer and conductor.
• He took the post of director of the Wroclaw Philharmonic in 1965.
• He also performed the function of artistic director of the Festival until 1976.
• The Festival was organized by the Culture and Art Center in Wroclaw.
• This was between 1977 and 1996.
• The post of artistic director was then given to Tadeusz Struga?a who was the former (1965–1976) organizing director.
• It was under Strugala’s management.
• Wratislavia Cantans was put on the list by the European Association of Music Festivals in Geneva in 1978.
• This festival thus officially earned the status of an international festival.
• This Festival always hosted foreign artists since its very beginning.
• In 1996 the post of general director was taken by Lidia Geringer de Odenberg.
• In 1997 Ewa Michnik followed Tadeusz Strugala as artistic director.
• After Michnik’s were Mariusz Smolij (2002 to 2004) and Jan Latham Koenig (2004 to 2005).
• Under the management of Lidia Geringer de Odenberg, Wratislavia Cantans became a member of the New York’s International Society for the Performing Arts Foundation.
• This was in 1998.
• The position of general director has been held by Andrzej Kosendiak until 2005.
• The position of artistic director has been performed by Paul McCreesh.
• The 41st Wratislavia Cantans festival, the Wroclaw Philharmonic Choir gives its first official performance in 2006.
• The idea of the choir was put forward by Andrzej Kosendiak.
• Agnieszka Frankow-Zelazny was its founder. He is now its director and conductor.
• The initial oratorio-cantata formula was expanded with time. This includes:
– chamber-music concerts
– recitals
– presentations of the visual arts

Polish Festivals

• January New Year’s Day Children’s Concert
• The annual Lotos Jazz Festival
• Takes place for four days at the end of January. June / July International Festival of Contemporary Dance
• The Jewish Culture Festival in Krakow
• Krakow Summer Jazz Festival
• There are two Chopin Festivals – one in Warsaw and one in Chopin’s manor in Duszniki Zdroj.
• This most popular music festival takes place in Forest Opera
• The festival takes place for two days at the end of August.September / October Rawa Blues Festival
• Warsaw International Film Festival Film
• This film festival screens over one hundred films from forty countries around October 7-18.

Polish Events

• Easter Monday
• May Day (May 1)
• Swieto Trzeciego Maja “Constitution Day” (May 3)
• Victory Day (May 9)
• Corpus Christi (June 22)
• Assumption (August 15)
• All Saints’ Day (November 1)
• Independence Day (November 11)
• Saint Andrew’s Eve (November 29)
• Christmas (December 25-26)
• Constitution Day: May 3
• St. Stanislaw Procession: Takes place in Krakow on the first Sunday after May 8.
• Krakow Film Festival: occurs the end of May and on into the first week of June.
• Mozart Festival
• Jewish Culture Festival: encompasses synagogue singing, klezmer music and Hasidic, classical, and Jewish folk music.
• Wianki

Best time to visit / climate

• The climate is mostly temperate throughout the country.
• The climate is oceanic in the north and west.
• It becomes gradually warmer and continental towards the south and east.
• Summers are generally warm.
• It is with average temperatures between 18 °C (64 °F) and 30 °C (86.0 °F).
• Winters are rather cold.
• There are with average temperatures around 3 °C (37.4 °F) in the northwest and 6 °C (21 °F) in the northeast.
• Precipitation falls throughout the year.
• The warmest region in Poland is Lower Silesian that is located in south-western Poland.

Location on Google Maps


View Larger Map

Or click and paste the URL below on your browser:
http://maps.google.co.in/maps?q=wroclaw,+poland&hl=en&ie=UTF8&hnear=Wroc%C5%82aw,+Wroc%C5%82aw+County,+Lower+Silesian+Voivodeship,+Poland&gl=in&t=m&z=1

How to get to Poland?

1. By plane
• Most of Europe’s major airlines fly to and from Poland.
• Poland’s national carriers are LOT Polish Airlines.
• There are also a number of low cost airlines that fly to Poland. These include:
– WizzAir
– EasyJet
– Germanwings
– Norwegian
– Ryanair
There are also direct flights from United States and Canada. LOT operates direct flights from:
– Toronto
– New York
– Chicago
– Non-direct flights from other cities
International airlines fly mainly to Warsaw (WAW). Other major airports in Poland are:
– Krakow
– Katowice
– Gdask
– Pozna
– Wrocaw
– Szczecin
– Rzeszow
– Bydgoszcz
A new terminal has been opened at the Warsaw Chopin airport which will significantly increase the airport’s capacity.

2. By Train
Direct connections with:
• Berlin
• Amsterdam, via Koeln, Hannover
• Kiev via Lviv
• Vienna
• Prague
• Moscow

3. By Car
You can enter Poland by one of many roads linking Poland with the neighboring countries.

4. By Bus
There are many international bus lines that connect major Polish cities.
• Voyager
• Eurolines
• Ecolines
• PolskiBus.com
• Simple Express

5. By Boat
• From Sweden
– Ystad by Unity Line
– Karlskrona by Stena Line
– Nynashamn
– Visby
– Ystad by Polferries

• From Denmark
– Copenhagen
– Bornholm

• From Finland
– Helsinki by Finnlines

• From Germany
– Rostock by Finnlines

6. By Yacht
There are more and more ports along Polish coast. Bigger marinas are located in:
– Szczecin
– Eba
– Hel
– Gdynia
– Gdask

7. By plane
– Polish national carrier LOT has daily connections.
– These are between the biggest cities with a hub in Warsaw.

8. By train
– In Poland, the national railway carriers are PKP InterCity and Przewozy Regionalne.
– There are few local carriers that belong to voivod ships or major cities.
– Train tickets are quite economical.
There are new InterCity routes such as:
• Warsaw – Katowice
• Warsaw – Krakow
• Warsaw – Pozna
• Pozna – Szczecin
Train types
• E-IC (ExpressInterCity) / EC (EuroCity) / Ex (Express)
• TLK (Twoje Linie Kolejowe)
• RE (RegioEkspress)
• IR (InterRegio)
• REGIO / Osobowy
• Podmiejski
• Narrow gauge

Some Travel Books on Poland

Poland Lonely Planet Poland Poland: A Unique Country & Its People

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at tripadvisor.in
Hotels at staypoland.com
Hotels at travelpoland.com

Blogs / Sites about Poland

Blogs at wikipedia.org
Blogs at wratislaviacantans.pl
Blogs at poland.travel
Blogs and reviews at nfm.wroclaw.pl

Images and photos of Poland

Images at google.com
images at wikipedia.org
Images at wratislaviacantans.pl
Images at poland.travel

Videos of Poland






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