January 2013
« Dec   Feb »

Poland – Wooden Churches of Peace in Jawor and Swidnica

Poland is a country located in Central Europe. It has a long Baltic Sea coastline. It is bordered by:
• Belarus
• Czech Republic
• Germany
• Lithuania
• Russia
• Slovakia
• Ukraine

The Churches of Peace in Jawor and Swidnica are the largest timber-framed religious buildings in Europe.

About the Churches

• They were built in the former Silesia.
• They were built around the mid-17th century.
• It was constructed amid the religious strife that followed the Peace of Westphalia that is of 1648.
• It was constrained by the physical and political conditions.
• The Churches of Peace bear testimony to the quest for religious freedom.
• They are a rare expression of Lutheran ideology.
• There is an idiom generally associated with the Catholic Church.
• The Lutherans in the Roman Catholic bought parts of Silesia to build the three Evangelical churches.
• They were made from wood, loam and straw.
• They were constructed outside the city walls.
• It is without steeples and church bells.
• The construction time was limited to a year.
• The two remaining churches are listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites from 2001.
• The Churches of Peace are outstanding testimony to an exceptional act of tolerance on the part of the Catholic Habsburg Emperor towards Protestant communities in Silesia.
• This was during the period following the Thirty Years’ War in Europe.
• The Churches of Peace required the builders to implement pioneering constructional and architectural solutions on emperor’s order.
• The construction was done on a scale and complexity unknown in wooden architecture.
• The success may be judged by their survival to the present day.
• The Thirty Years War in Europe ended with the Treaty of Westphalia.
• This upheld the principle of the faith professed by the ruler which was obligatory for his subjects.
• During that time Silesia was part of the Catholic Habsburg monarchy.
• Protestants were persecuted and deprived of the right and possibility to practice their faith.
• The agency of the Lutheran king of Sweden intervened and the emperor finally allowed the erection of three churches.
• They are hence known as the Churches of Peace.
• The Churches of Peace do not represent a self-confident mission-oriented religion.
• These churches are rather an embodiment of a place of refuge for an oppressed religious minority.
They wanted to:
– assert its faith
– to remain conscious of its individuality
– to preserve the communal cult of its traditions and practices
– stability
– durability
• Churches of Peace are among the latest examples of an architecture that combines post-and-beam construction.
• They used halved joints.
• The structural framework of regularly placed uprights and horizontal connecting rails is reinforced.
• The Churches of Peace are part of a European tradition.
• This dates back to the 12th century and continued into the 18th century.
• The churches in Jawor and Swidnica differ in the character of their floor plans.
PRICE 327 per person

Sports in Poland

• Mountain hikes
• Water sports
• Skiing
• Horse riding
• Cycling
• First bungee jump
• Paintball encounter
• Rock climbing

Best time to visit / climate

• The climate is mostly temperate throughout the country.
• The climate is oceanic in the north and west.
• It becomes gradually warmer and continental towards the south and east.
• Summers are generally warm.
• It is with average temperatures between 18 °C (64 °F) and 30 °C (86.0 °F).
• Winters are rather cold.
• There are with average temperatures around 3 °C (37.4 °F) in the northwest and 6 °C (21 °F) in the northeast.
• Precipitation falls throughout the year.
• The warmest region in Poland is Lower Silesian that is located in south-western Poland.

Location on Google Maps

Or click and paste the URL below on your browser:

How to get to Poland?

1. By plane
• Most of Europe’s major airlines fly to and from Poland.
• Poland’s national carriers are LOT Polish Airlines.
• There are also a number of low cost airlines that fly to Poland. These include:
– WizzAir
– EasyJet
– Germanwings
– Norwegian
– Ryanair
There are also direct flights from United States and Canada. LOT operates direct flights from:
– Toronto
– New York
– Chicago
– Non-direct flights from other cities
International airlines fly mainly to Warsaw (WAW). Other major airports in Poland are:
– Krakow
– Katowice
– Gdask
– Pozna
– Wrocaw
– Szczecin
– Rzeszow
– Bydgoszcz
A new terminal has been opened at the Warsaw Chopin airport which will significantly increase the airport’s capacity.

2. By Train
Direct connections with:
• Berlin
• Amsterdam, via Koeln, Hannover
• Kiev via Lviv
• Vienna
• Prague
• Moscow

3. By Car
You can enter Poland by one of many roads linking Poland with the neighboring countries.

4. By Bus
There are many international bus lines that connect major Polish cities.
• Voyager
• Eurolines
• Ecolines
• PolskiBus.com
• Simple Express

5. By Boat
• From Sweden
– Ystad by Unity Line
– Karlskrona by Stena Line
– Nynashamn
– Visby
– Ystad by Polferries

• From Denmark
– Copenhagen
– Bornholm

• From Finland
– Helsinki by Finnlines

• From Germany
– Rostock by Finnlines

6. By Yacht
There are more and more ports along Polish coast. Bigger marinas are located in:
– Szczecin
– Eba
– Hel
– Gdynia
– Gdask

7. By plane
– Polish national carrier LOT has daily connections.
– These are between the biggest cities with a hub in Warsaw.

8. By train
– In Poland, the national railway carriers are PKP InterCity and Przewozy Regionalne.
– There are few local carriers that belong to voivod ships or major cities.
– Train tickets are quite economical.
There are new InterCity routes such as:
• Warsaw – Katowice
• Warsaw – Krakow
• Warsaw – Pozna
• Pozna – Szczecin
Train types
• E-IC (ExpressInterCity) / EC (EuroCity) / Ex (Express)
• TLK (Twoje Linie Kolejowe)
• RE (RegioEkspress)
• IR (InterRegio)
• REGIO / Osobowy
• Podmiejski
• Narrow gauge

Some Travel Books on Poland

Poland Lonely Planet Poland Poland: A Unique Country & Its People

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at tripadvisor.in
Hotels at staypoland.com
Hotels at travelpoland.com

Blogs / Sites about Poland

Leave a Reply

You can use these HTML tags

<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>