January 2013
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Poland – The Gothic Wawel Castle in Krakow

Poland is a country located in Central Europe. It has a long Baltic Sea coastline. It is bordered by:
• Belarus
• Czech Republic
• Germany
• Lithuania
• Russia
• Slovakia
• Ukraine

The Gothic Wawel Castle in Krakow in Poland was built at the behest of Casimir III the Great.

Overview of The Gothic Wawel Castle

• He reigned from 1333 to 1370.
• The castle consists of a number of structures which are located around the central courtyard.
• It was rebuilt by Jogaila and Jadwiga of Poland in the 14th century.
• Their reign saw the addition of the tower.
• This tower was called the Hen’s Foot (Kurza Stopka) and the Danish Tower.
• The Jadwiga and Jogaila Chamber were used in coronation ceremonies.
• It is exhibited today.
• It is another remnant of this period.
• There were other structures that were developed on the hill.
• These structures served as quarters for the numerous clergy, royal clerks and craftsmen.
• Defensive walls and towers were constructed during this time. They include:
– Jordanka
– Lubranka
– Sandomierska
– Tczynska
– Szlachecka
– Zlodziejska
– Panienska

About The Castle

1. Crown Treasury and armory
• The Crown Treasury is located in the historic Gothic rooms.
• These were used from the 15th century.
• They were used for storing the Polish coronation insignia and Crown Jewels.
• They exhibit display objects from the former Treasury which survived plunder.

2. Chambers
• State Rooms
• Royal Private Apartments
• Exhibition “The Lost Wawel”
• Exhibition “Oriental Art”
• The Royal Gardens
• Dragon’s Den

3. Fragment in Chicago
• A column fragment of Wawel Castle has been incorporated into Chicago’s landmark Tribune Tower.
• It is situated in its own niche over the upper-left corner of the main entrance.
• It is a visual tribute to Chicago’s large Polish populace.
• This is the largest such presence outside of the Republic of Poland.

• MAIN ticket offices are located in the Center for the Promotion and Information.
• They sell tickets for individual tourists, visitors without a guide.
• Fund is closed 1 hr. 15 min. before closing the exposure.
Opening offices in the Center for the Promotion and Information:
– 1 IV-30 IV
• Monday-Friday 9 – 16.45
• Saturdays, Sundays, public holidays 9.30 – 16.45
– 1 V-31 VIII
• Monday-Friday 9 – 17.45
• Saturdays, Sundays, public holidays 9.30 – 17.45
– 1 IX-31 X
• Monday-Friday 9 – 16.45
• Saturdays, Sundays, public holidays 9.30 – 16.45
• Monday closed
• Tuesday-Saturday 9.15 – 14.45
• Sundays and holidays 9.30 – 14.45
– 1 November-31 III
• Monday – Closed
• Tuesday – Saturday 9.15 – 14.45
• Sundays, holidays 9.30 – 14.45
• Break 12.40-13.00

Sports in Poland

• Mountain hikes
• Water sports
• Skiing
• Horse riding
• Cycling
• First bungee jump
• Paintball encounter
• Rock climbing

Best time to visit / climate

• The climate is mostly temperate throughout the country.
• The climate is oceanic in the north and west.
• It becomes gradually warmer and continental towards the south and east.
• Summers are generally warm.
• It is with average temperatures between 18 °C (64 °F) and 30 °C (86.0 °F).
• Winters are rather cold.
• There are with average temperatures around 3 °C (37.4 °F) in the northwest and 6 °C (21 °F) in the northeast.
• Precipitation falls throughout the year.
• The warmest region in Poland is Lower Silesian that is located in south-western Poland.

Location on Google Maps

Or click and paste the URL below on your browser:

How to get to Poland?

1. By plane
• Most of Europe’s major airlines fly to and from Poland.
• Poland’s national carriers are LOT Polish Airlines.
• There are also a number of low cost airlines that fly to Poland. These include:
– WizzAir
– EasyJet
– Germanwings
– Norwegian
– Ryanair
There are also direct flights from United States and Canada. LOT operates direct flights from:
– Toronto
– New York
– Chicago
– Non-direct flights from other cities
International airlines fly mainly to Warsaw (WAW). Other major airports in Poland are:
– Krakow
– Katowice
– Gdask
– Pozna
– Wrocaw
– Szczecin
– Rzeszow
– Bydgoszcz
A new terminal has been opened at the Warsaw Chopin airport which will significantly increase the airport’s capacity.

2. By Train
Direct connections with:
• Berlin
• Amsterdam, via Koeln, Hannover
• Kiev via Lviv
• Vienna
• Prague
• Moscow

3. By Car
You can enter Poland by one of many roads linking Poland with the neighboring countries.

4. By Bus
There are many international bus lines that connect major Polish cities.
• Voyager
• Eurolines
• Ecolines
• PolskiBus.com
• Simple Express

5. By Boat
• From Sweden
– Ystad by Unity Line
– Karlskrona by Stena Line
– Nynashamn
– Visby
– Ystad by Polferries

• From Denmark
– Copenhagen
– Bornholm

• From Finland
– Helsinki by Finnlines

• From Germany
– Rostock by Finnlines

6. By Yacht
There are more and more ports along Polish coast. Bigger marinas are located in:
– Szczecin
– Eba
– Hel
– Gdynia
– Gdask

7. By plane
– Polish national carrier LOT has daily connections.
– These are between the biggest cities with a hub in Warsaw.

8. By train
– In Poland, the national railway carriers are PKP InterCity and Przewozy Regionalne.
– There are few local carriers that belong to voivod ships or major cities.
– Train tickets are quite economical.
There are new InterCity routes such as:
• Warsaw – Katowice
• Warsaw – Krakow
• Warsaw – Pozna
• Pozna – Szczecin
Train types
• E-IC (ExpressInterCity) / EC (EuroCity) / Ex (Express)
• TLK (Twoje Linie Kolejowe)
• RE (RegioEkspress)
• IR (InterRegio)
• REGIO / Osobowy
• Podmiejski
• Narrow gauge

Some Travel Books on Poland

Poland Lonely Planet Poland Poland: A Unique Country & Its People

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at tripadvisor.in
Hotels at staypoland.com
Hotels at travelpoland.com

Blogs / Sites about Poland

Blogs at wikipedia.org
Blogs at wawel.krakow.pl
Blogs at tripadvisor.com
Blogs at cracow-life.com

Images and photos of Poland

Images at google.com
Images at wikipedia.org
Images at wawel.krakow.pl
Images at tripadvisor.com

Videos of Poland

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