January 2013
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Poland : a country located in Central Europe – Part 2

Poland is a country located in Central Europe.
• It has a long Baltic Sea coastline.
• It is bordered by:
– Belarus
– Czech Republic
– Germany
– Lithuania
– Russia
– Slovakia
– Ukraine
• The first cities in today’s Poland are:
– Kalisz
– Elblg on the Amber Trail to the Baltic Sea
• These cities were described by Roman writers in the first century AD.
• The first Polish settlement in Biskupin actually goes back to the 7th century BC.
• In the first half of about 10th century, this country Poland was first united.
• This country officially adopted Catholicism in 966 AD.
• The first capital was in the city of Gniezno.
• Later, the capital was moved to Krakow after a century.

Tourist Attractions in Poland

Museums and Historic Sites
• Tucholski Forest
• The Fojutowo Kayak Trail
• The Cathedral of the Apostles Peter and Paul in Poznan
• The Basilica Cathedral
• Oswi?cim (Auschwitz) – Museum
• Smaller Basilica of the Holy Cross (Bazylika Mniejsza pw. Swi?tego Krzy?a) in Warszawa
• St. Michael Archangel’s Church in Binarowa
• Royal Gate: Szczecin
• Central Maritime Museum in Gdansk
• Central Museum of Textile Industry in Lodz
• Copernicus Science Center
• Underground Chalk Passages in Chelm
• Central Cemetery
• Red Town Hall in Szczecin
• Upside Down House in Szymbark
• Fryderyk Chopin’s Birthplace in Zelazowa Wola
• Arthus Court in Gdansk
• Station and Roundhouse in Skierniewice
• Fara in Poznan
• Raclawice Forts in Warsaw (Citadel)
• Forts of Przemysl Fortress
• Forts of Torun Fortress

Culture & Entertainment in Poland

• Festival of the Contemporary Music Warsaw autumn 2011 in Warszawa
• Filmy Swiata Ale Kino! Festival in Warszawa
• St. Dominic’s Fair in Gdansk
• Cracow Mountain Festival in Krakow
• Cracow’s All Souls Jazz Festival in Krakow
• 13th edition of Torun Blues Meeting in Torun
• Africa Reggae Festival in Torun

Other Spots of tourism in Poland

• Pier in Sopot
• Town Hall in Poznan
• The Shrine of Our Lady of Fatima in Krzeptowki in Zakopane
• Old City of Zamosc
• Cooling Towers and Salt Works in Ciechocinek
• Royal Lazienki Palace and Park Complex in Warsaw
• 2B3 Music Club in Katowice
• 6-scian Pub in Bialystok
• 9 Brama in Wroclaw
• Adventure Park SPARTA in B?kow

Academy of Music in Katowice

The Academy organizes numerous:
• Concerts
• Recitals
• Workshops
• Master classes
• Lectures
• Conferences
• Seminars
• Exhibitions
• Festivals
• International Chamber Music Festival
• International Festival of Violin
• Harp International Festival
• International Festival “Silesian Guitar Autumn”
• International Festival of Academic Orchestra
• Silesian Jazz Festival
• Bach Festival of Silesia

Clubs in Poland
• Alchemia Club in W?oc?awek
• Alibi Club in Wroc?aw

Nature in Poland
• Oceanarium in Gdynia
• Babiogorski Park Narodowy (Babiogorski National Park) in Zawoja
• Bialowieski National Park in Bia?owie?a
• Biebrzanski National Park in Goni?dz
• Zywkowo – Village of the Stork
• Drawienski National Park in Drawno
• Gorczanski National Park in Por?ba Wielka
• Cactus Farm in Rumia
• Kampinos National Park in Izabelin B
• “Krzywy Las” in Nowe Czarnowo
• Magurski National Park in Krempna
• Malopolska Fruit Trail in Kraków
• City Zoological Garden in Wroc?aw
• Narwianski Labyrinth in Kurowo
• Narwianski National Park in Kurowo
• Bory Tucholskie National Park in Charzykowy
• Stolowe Mountains National Park in Kudowa-Zdrój
• Warta Estuary National Park in Górzyca
• Pieniny National Park in Kro?cienko nad Dunajcem

Underground Tourist Trails in Poland
• The Cathedral of the Apostles Peter and Paul in Poznan in Poznan
• Underground Chalk Passages in Chelm in Chelm
• Wawel Royal Tombs in Krakow
• Klodawa Salt Mine in Klodawa
• Kowary Mines in Kowary
• Miedzyrzecz Fortified Region, Underground tourist route in Mi?dzyrzecz
• Market Square Underground Museum in Cracow
• Underground City of Osowka -Tourist Route in Gluszyca
• “Bunker in Konewka” Tourist Route in Inowlodz
• Historic Coal Mine “Guido” in Zabrze
• The Cathedral of St. John the Baptist: Burial Crypt in Warszawa
• Bazylika Na Swietej Gorze – KRYPTY GROBOWE in Piaski
• Military Centre in Krapiewo
• Hydro-electric Power Station in Niedzica
• The Warsaw Filters in Warszawa
• Bear Grotto in Zloty Potok
• Pulawski Grotto in Pulawy
• Mechowskie Grottos in Mechowo
• Nagorzyce Grottos in Tomaszow Mazowiecki
• Ciemna Cave in Ojcow

Best time to visit / climate

• The climate is mostly temperate throughout the country.
• The climate is oceanic in the north and west.
• It becomes gradually warmer and continental towards the south and east.
• Summers are generally warm.
• It is with average temperatures between 18 °C (64 °F) and 30 °C (86.0 °F).
• Winters are rather cold.
• There are with average temperatures around 3 °C (37.4 °F) in the northwest and 6 °C (21 °F) in the northeast.
• Precipitation falls throughout the year.
• The warmest region in Poland is Lower Silesian that is located in south-western Poland.

Location on Google Maps

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How to get to Poland?

1. By plane
• Most of Europe’s major airlines fly to and from Poland.
• Poland’s national carriers are LOT Polish Airlines.
• There are also a number of low cost airlines that fly to Poland. These include:
– WizzAir
– EasyJet
– Germanwings
– Norwegian
– Ryanair
There are also direct flights from United States and Canada. LOT operates direct flights from:
– Toronto
– New York
– Chicago
– Non-direct flights from other cities
International airlines fly mainly to Warsaw (WAW). Other major airports in Poland are:
– Krakow
– Katowice
– Gdask
– Pozna
– Wrocaw
– Szczecin
– Rzeszow
– Bydgoszcz
A new terminal has been opened at the Warsaw Chopin airport which will significantly increase the airport’s capacity.

2. By Train
Direct connections with:
• Berlin
• Amsterdam, via Koeln, Hannover
• Kiev via Lviv
• Vienna
• Prague
• Moscow

3. By Car
You can enter Poland by one of many roads linking Poland with the neighboring countries.

4. By Bus
There are many international bus lines that connect major Polish cities.
• Voyager
• Eurolines
• Ecolines
• PolskiBus.com
• Simple Express

5. By Boat
• From Sweden
– Ystad by Unity Line
– Karlskrona by Stena Line
– Nynäshamn
– Visby
– Ystad by Polferries

• From Denmark
– Copenhagen
– Bornholm

• From Finland
– Helsinki by Finnlines

• From Germany
– Rostock by Finnlines

6. By Yacht
There are more and more ports along Polish coast. Bigger marinas are located in:
– Szczecin
– ?eba
– Hel
– Gdynia
– Gda?sk

7. By plane
– Polish national carrier LOT has daily connections.
– These are between the biggest cities with a hub in Warsaw.

8. By train
– In Poland, the national railway carriers are PKP InterCity and Przewozy Regionalne.
– There are few local carriers that belong to voivod ships or major cities.
– Train tickets are quite economical.
There are new InterCity routes such as:
• Warsaw – Katowice
• Warsaw – Kraków
• Warsaw – Pozna?
• Pozna? – Szczecin
Train types
• E-IC (ExpressInterCity) / EC (EuroCity) / Ex (Express)
• TLK (Twoje Linie Kolejowe)
• RE (RegioEkspress)
• IR (InterRegio)
• REGIO / Osobowy
• Podmiejski
• Narrow gauge

Some Travel Books on Poland

Poland Lonely Planet Poland Poland: A Unique Country & Its People

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at tripadvisor.in
Hotels at staypoland.com
Hotels at travelpoland.com

Blogs / Sites about Poland

Blogs at wikipedia.org
Blogs at lonelyplanet.com
Blogs at travbuddy.com
Blogs and reviews at travelblog.org

Images and photos of Poland

Images at google.com
Images at wikipedia.org
Images at euratlas.com
Images at tripadvisor.com

Videos of Poland

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