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Poland : a country located in Central Europe – Part 1




Poland is a country located in Central Europe.
• It has a long Baltic Sea coastline.
• It is bordered by:
– Belarus
– Czech Republic
– Germany
– Lithuania
– Russia
– Slovakia
– Ukraine
• The first cities in today’s Poland are:
– Kalisz
– Elblg on the Amber Trail to the Baltic Sea
• These cities were described by Roman writers in the first century AD.
• The first Polish settlement in Biskupin actually goes back to the 7th century BC.
• In the first half of about 10th century, this country Poland was first united.
• This country officially adopted Catholicism in 966 AD.
• The first capital was in the city of Gniezno.
• Later, the capital was moved to Krakow after a century.

Holidays in Poland

• Easter
• Lany Poniedziaek, or Smigus Dyngus
• The Feast of Corpus Christi
• Constitution Day
• All Saints Day
• National Independence Day
• Christmas Eve
• New Year’s Eve

Administrative Regions in Poland

Poland’s administrative regions are called wojewodztwa. They are abbreviated “woj”.
• Greater Poland
• Lesser Poland
• Masovia
• Podlachia
• Pomerania
• Silesia
• Warmia-Masuria
Cities
• Warsaw
• Gdansk
• Katowice
• Krakow
• Lublin
• Lodz
• Poznan
• Szczecin
• Wroc?aw

Other Destinations of Poland

• Auschwitz: UNESCO World Heritage Site
• Biaowiea National Park: UNESCO World Heritage Site
• Bory Tucholskie National Park: national park protecting the Tucholskie Forests.
• Kalwaria Zebrzydowska: UNESCO World Heritage Site
• Karkonoski National Park: national park in the Sudety with beautiful waterfalls.
• Malbork: UNESCO World Heritage Site
• Sowiski National Park: national park next to the Baltic Sea. It is known to have the biggest dunes in Europe.
• Wieliczka Salt Mine: the oldest still existing, UNESCO World Heritage Site.
• Wielkopolski National Park: national park in Greater Poland.

Geography of Poland

• Poland’s territory extends across several geographical regions.
• In the north-west is the Baltic seacoast.
• This seacoast extends from the Bay of Pomerania to the Gulf of Gda?sk.
• This coast is marked by several spits, coastal lakes and dunes.
• The largely straight coastline is indented by:
– The Szczecin Lagoon
– The Bay of Puck
– The Vistula Lagoon
• The center and parts of the north lie within the North European Plain.
• Above these lowlands, it comprises of the four hilly districts of moraines and moraine-dammed lakes.
• These lakes were formed during and after the Pleistocene ice age.
These lake districts are:
– The Pomeranian Lake District
– The Greater Polish Lake District
– The Kashubian Lake District
– The Masurian Lake District
• The Masurian Lake District is the largest of the four.
• It covers much of north-eastern Poland.
• The lake districts form part of the Baltic Ridge.
• This is a series of moraine belts that lie along the southern shore of the Baltic Sea.
• South of the Northern European Lowlands lie the regions of Silesia and Masovia.
• They are marked by broad ice-age river valleys.
• Farther south lays the Polish mountain region. This includes:
– The Sudetes
– The Cracow-Czstochowa Upland
– The witokrzyskie Mountains
– The Carpathian Mountains, including the Beskids
– The highest part of the Carpathians is the Tatra Mountains.
– These mountains lie along Poland’s southern border.

Activities in Poland

• The natural and geographical conditions in Poland allow all manner of sports to be enjoyed.
• They are practiced in this country all year round.

Sports in Poland
• Mountain hikes
• Water sports
• Skiing
• Horse riding
• Cycling
• First bungee jump
• Paintball encounter
• Rock climbing

Best time to visit / climate

• The climate is mostly temperate throughout the country.
• The climate is oceanic in the north and west.
• It becomes gradually warmer and continental towards the south and east.
• Summers are generally warm.
• It is with average temperatures between 18 °C (64 °F) and 30 °C (86.0 °F).
• Winters are rather cold.
• There are with average temperatures around 3 °C (37.4 °F) in the northwest and 6 °C (21 °F) in the northeast.
• Precipitation falls throughout the year.
• The warmest region in Poland is Lower Silesian that is located in south-western Poland.

Location on Google Maps


View Larger Map
Or click and paste the URL below on your browser:
http://maps.google.co.in/maps?q=Rayong&hl=en&hnear=Rayong,+Thailand&gl=in&t=m&z=10

How to get to Poland?

1. By plane
• Most of Europe’s major airlines fly to and from Poland.
• Poland’s national carriers are LOT Polish Airlines.
• There are also a number of low cost airlines that fly to Poland. These include:
– WizzAir
– EasyJet
– Germanwings
– Norwegian
– Ryanair
There are also direct flights from United States and Canada. LOT operates direct flights from:
– Toronto
– New York
– Chicago
– Non-direct flights from other cities
International airlines fly mainly to Warsaw (WAW). Other major airports in Poland are:
– Kraków
– Katowice
– Gda?sk
– Pozna?
– Wroc?aw
– Szczecin
– Rzeszów
– Bydgoszcz
– ?ód?
A new terminal has been opened at the Warsaw Chopin airport which will significantly increase the airport’s capacity.

2. By Train
Direct connections with:
• Berlin
• Amsterdam, via Koeln, Hannover
• Kiev via Lviv
• Vienna
• Prague
• Moscow

3. By Car
You can enter Poland by one of many roads linking Poland with the neighboring countries.

4. By Bus
There are many international bus lines that connect major Polish cities.
• Voyager
• Eurolines
• Ecolines
• PolskiBus.com
• Simple Express

5. By Boat
• From Sweden
– Ystad by Unity Line
– Karlskrona by Stena Line
– Nynäshamn
– Visby
– Ystad by Polferries

• From Denmark
– Copenhagen
– Bornholm

• From Finland
– Helsinki by Finnlines

• From Germany
– Rostock by Finnlines

6. By Yacht
There are more and more ports along Polish coast. Bigger marinas are located in:
– Szczecin
– ?eba
– Hel
– Gdynia
– Gda?sk

7. By plane
– Polish national carrier LOT has daily connections.
– These are between the biggest cities with a hub in Warsaw.

8. By train
– In Poland, the national railway carriers are PKP InterCity and Przewozy Regionalne.
– There are few local carriers that belong to voivod ships or major cities.
– Train tickets are quite economical.
There are new InterCity routes such as:
• Warsaw – Katowice
• Warsaw – Kraków
• Warsaw – Pozna?
• Pozna? – Szczecin
Train types
• E-IC (ExpressInterCity) / EC (EuroCity) / Ex (Express)
• TLK (Twoje Linie Kolejowe)
• RE (RegioEkspress)
• IR (InterRegio)
• REGIO / Osobowy
• Podmiejski
• Narrow gauge

Some Travel Books on Poland

Poland Lonely Planet Poland Poland: A Unique Country & Its People

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at tripadvisor.in
Hotels at staypoland.com
Hotels at travelpoland.com

Blogs / Sites about Poland

Blogs at wikipedia.org
Blogs at lonelyplanet.com
Blogs at travbuddy.com
Blogs and reviews at travelblog.org

Images and photos of Poland

Images at google.com
Images at wikipedia.org
Images at euratlas.com
Images at tripadvisor.com

Videos of Poland






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