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Chanthaburi – Capital of an eponymous province which is in Eastern Thailand – Part 2




Chanthaburi is about 245 km from Bangkok. It is the capital of an eponymous province which is in Eastern Thailand. It is a useful transport hub. It is helpful for accessing the islands Koh Chang and Koh Kut. It is situated in the east of Thailand.

History of Chanthaburi

• Chanthaburi has been long inhabited.
• It has neolithic artifacts.
• They were discovered in the region.
• Chong was the first Mon-Khmer hunting-gathering community.
• They settled in the eastern forests.
• Now it is Chanthaburi, Trat and Rayong provinces.
• They were called eastern forests in 13th century A.D.
• The first settlement in Chanthaburi was near Khao Sa Bap.
• The forest area is full of herbs.
• This is true especially on the boundary between Chanthaburi and Trat.
• The forest is shrunk now due to cultivation as well as habitation by Thai and Chinese people.
• Hunting and gathering has been made illegal.
• Most of the ‘Chong’ (hunters becoming farmers) as they are called now live at Ban Khlong Phlu in Amphoe Khao Khitchakut.
• A new city was established in 1657 A.D. at Ban Lum.
• This was on the west bank of the Chanthaburi River.
• Fall of the Kingdom of Ayutthaya in 1767 A.D., King Taksin the Great, then Phraya Wachiraprakan, led a troop of some 500 soldiers to break through.
• They went eastward to occupy Chanthaburi.
• Monuments and memorials were built to commemorate the historic event.
• These monuments reflect the pride of the people of Chanthaburi.
• The city was relocated to the highlands at Ban Noen Wong.
• This took place in the reign of King Rama III to prevent a Vietnamese invasion.
• Due to large distances from water sources, it was moved back to Ban Lum in the reign of King Rama V.
• Chanthaburi used to be occupied by France for 11 years.
• This was during a Thai – French dispute.
• Thailand had to surrender its territory on the left bank of the Mekong River to France.
• This was done in return for Chanthaburi.
• This was later established as a province in 1933.
• The Chanthaburi mountain range in the north has the highest elevation of the province.
• The elevation is 1556 m and is the high Soi Dao Nua Peak.
• The main river of the province is the Chanthaburi River.

Together with the neighboring province Trat, Chanthaburi is the center of:
• gemstone mining
• rubies
• sapphires
• tropical fruits

How did the name Chanthaburi originated?

• The word Chantha originates from the Sanskrit word Chandra.
• It means moon.
• The word buri from Sanskrit Puri meaning town or city.
• The province name means Moon City.

Administrative Divisions
The province is subdivided in 10 districts. These are further subdivided into 76 sub-districts and 690 villages.
• Mueang Chanthaburi
• Khlung
• Tha Mai
• Pong Nam Ron
• Makham
• Laem Sing
• Soi Dao
• Kaeng Hang Maeo
• Na Yai Am
• Khao Khitchakut

Best time to visit / climate

• The most pleasant time to visit is from November till February.
• It is both the coolest and driest period.
• Daytime temperatures still hover around 30°C (86°F), but it does cool down into the lower 20’s as it gets dark (lower 70s in Fahrenheit).
• March and April represent the hot season.
• The temperatures are 35°C (95°F) on average.
• This is the worst season to visit Bangkok, so plan in a lot of air-conditioned shopping mall visits and get a hotel with a swimming pool.
• The wet season that runs from May till October.
• Expect massive downpours resulting in floods all over the city.
• Extreme rainfall happens in September and October, so these months are best avoided.

There are two main seasons:
– Dry season equates to high season and any rates associated with travel are much higher than low season.
– For those you can not take extreme heat Dec – Feb is milder than Mar – May and air quality is poor.
– From May to November, there are less tourists, fresher air, greener foliage, and if you like white water rafting this is the time.

Location on Google Maps


View Larger Map

Or click and paste the URL below on your browser:
http://maps.google.co.in/maps?q=Chanthaburi&hl=en&hnear=Chanthaburi,+Thailand&gl=in&t=m&z=9

How to get there?

• Chantaburi is about 4 hours by bus from Bangkok.
• The nearest border crossing with Cambodia is at Ban Pakard.
• This faces Phsar Prum in Cambodia.
• It is about 1-2 hours from Chantaburi by minibus.
• It takes 100 baht.
• One can also take a songthaew.
• It costs about 40 baht
• Pailin is a further 18 km from the border.
• If direct connections to Ban Pakard are not available then take any northbound bus on Highway 317.
• They are to: Nakhon Ratchasima,Buriram or Aranyaprathet
• Get off at Pong Nam Rong.
• In Pong Nam Rong, songthaew connect with the border crossing.
• Northbound buses will call at Aranyaprathet.
• This is the busiest Thai-Khmer crossing.
• For coastal Cambodia, head to Trat in Thailand.
• Continue to the Koh Kong border from there.

1. By Car
The province is accessible by 5 routes:
Highway No. 3
• Start from Bang Na, Bangkok, via Chon Buri – Bang Saen – Si Racha – Pattaya – Sattahip – Ban Chang – Rayong – Chanthaburi.
• A total distance of 330 Kilometers.

Highway No. 36
• Start from kilometers 140 on Sukhumwit Road in Bang Lamung, Chon Buri, turn left at Krathing Lai T-junction via Pira Circuit to end at Tambon Choeng Noen in Amphoe Mueang, Rayong Province.
• A distance of 60 kilometers.
• Turn into Highway No. 3 for 108 kilometers to Chanthaburi.
• A total distance of 308 kilometers.

Highway No. 344
• The Ban Bueng – Klaeng route, saving a distance of up to 70 kilometers, starts from Sukhumwit Road in Amphoe Mueang, Chon Buri, via Amphoe Ban Bueng of Chon Buri Province, Amphoe Wang Chan and Amphoe Klaeng of Rayong Province, a distance of 110 kilometers.
• Then, continue on Highway No. 3 for 58 kilometres to Chanthaburi.
• A total distance of 266 kilometers.

Linking the Northeast and the East
• Start at 200 kilometers on Highway No. 33 from Amphoe Kabin Buri of Prachin Buri Province, turn right at Kilometers 230 in Sa Kaeo Province into Highway No. 317, continue for 189 Kilometers via Amphoe Wang Nam Yen, Amphoe Soi Dao, Amphoe Pong Nam Ron, Amphoe Makham to Chanthaburi.
• A total distance of 219 Kilometres from Kabin Buri.

Motorway – Highway No. 7
• Start from Si Nakharin Road in Bangkok and end in Pattaya, Chon Buri, a distance of 90 kilometres then, continue on Highway No. 36 for 50 kilometres and Highway No. 3 for another 108 kilometres.
• A total distance of 248 kilometers.

2. By Bus
From Bangkok Eastern Bus Terminal (Ekamai) on Sukhumwit Road
• Air-conditioned Bus Transport Co., Ltd., there are buses leaving daily.
• Tel. 0 2391 2504
• Chanthaburi office, Tel. 0 3932 2197

Private operators:
• Cherdchai Tour Tel. 0 2391 2237; Chanthaburi office, Tel. 0 3935 0357.
• Pornnipa Tour Tel. 0 2391 5179; Chanthaburi office, Tel. 0 3931 1476, 0 3931 1278.
• Suparat Tour Tel. 0 2391 2331; Chanthaburi office, Tel. 0 3935 0223.

From Mo Chit 2 or Northern Bus Terminal (Chatuchak) on Kamphaeng Phet Road
• Transport Co., Ltd., there are buses leaving daily
• Tel. 0 2936 2852

Private operators:
• Cherdchai Tour Tel. 0 2936 0199
• Pornnipa Tour Tel. 0 2936 2256-7
• Suparat Tour Tel. 0 2936 3888, 0 2936 3939

Buses are also available from Chanthaburi to other provinces including:
• Aranyaprathet
• Nakhon Ratchasima
• Trat
• Rayong
• Sa Kaeo
• Saraburi
• Buri Ram
• Prachinburi
• Tak
• For more information, contact the Chanthaburi Bus Terminal at Tel. 0 3932 2197.

3 By Mini Van
• Victory Monument in Bangkok has mini vans to many nearby cities.
• These include Chantaburi.
• The van to Chantaburi takes anywhere from 2 1/2 to 3 1/2 hours.
• It makes one stop about an 75 kilometers outside Bangkok.
• The van stops in Chantaburi just outside town at the Tesco Lotus.
• The vans also leave from the Tesco going to Victory Monument.
• The vans usually run from 6am until 8pm.
• They leave every hour.
• Make sure you arrive 20-30 minutes before the time you want to leave.
• The cost is 200 baht each way.

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at wikitravel.org
Hotels at hotels2thailand.com
Hotels at tripadvisor.com

Blogs / Sites about Thailand – Chanthaburi

Blogs at wikipedia.org
Blogs at travelpod
Blogs at travelfish.org
Blogs and reviews at lonelyplanet.com

Images and photos of Thailand – Chanthaburi

Images at google.com
Images at wikipedia.org
Images at lonelyplanet.com
Images at tripadvisor.com

Videos of Thailand – Chanthaburi





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