November 2012
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The Phimai historical park is situated in the town of Phimai, Nakhon Ratchasima province.

The Phimai historical park is situated in the town of Phimai, Nakhon Ratchasima province.

Overview of Phimai Historical Park

• This park encloses the most important Khmer temples and one of the unique temples of Thailand.
• The temple marks one end of the Ancient Khmer Highway from Angkor.
• 1020x580m is the area of this park that is comparable with that of Angkor Wat.
• Phimai must have been an important city in the Khmer empire.
• The buildings present here in the park are mostly from the late 11th to the late 12th century.
• They were constructed in the Baphuon, Angkor Wat and Bayon style.
• Khmer was a Hindu temple at the time of reign but construction was done as a Buddhist temple.
• Buddhism prevailed in the Khorat area, dates back to the 7th century.
• Inscriptions name the site Vimayapura (which means city of Vimaya).
• It was developed as Phimai, which is the Thai name.
• Thailand’s Northeastern plateau is known to have many temples of different sizes.
• Many temples and structures are known to be about a thousand years old.
• They are also believed to be built by the people of Brahmanic culture.
• These buildings built of brick, and sandstone, or a combination of the both materials.
• The basic structure is built from three to five-story surmounted by Buddhist statues.
• They have a low base and their spires are not so tall.
• This sanctuary is situated geographically on a high plain that is surrounded by three large canals.
• It is unknown as to who built Phimai.
• It is also unknown as to why it was built at the particular site it occupies.
• According to one of the sources – “It was built in the 12th century and some years before Angkor Wat”.
• Monsieur H. Parmentier, the Angkorean expert, discovered that the temple was built in the reign of King Suriyavoraman (A.D. 1002-1049).
• The architectural style of these structures was known to mimic Angkorean buildings.
• The largest sandstone sanctuary Prasat Him is Phimai, in Thailand.
• This is located centrally in the city of ancient Phimai.
• It is in a rectangular shape is 655 meters wide and 1,033 meters long.
• The Sanctuary appears magnificently restored.
• It was renovated.
• This National Historical Park stores this fascinating Khmer architecture which is ancient of that time.
• There are two red sandstone walls that surround the monument.
• Two gate towers also known as Gopura puncture the external wall and the gallery.
• This is at four cardinal points, North, South, East and West.
• Phimai sanctuary is directed to the south.
• The direction is not exactly to the south.
• But the direction, to be exact, is at 20 degrees east of south.
• This direction is known to be the Angkor Wat face direction.
• From here one can reach Angkor Wat using the ancient routes.
• The visitors are requested to enter Phimai sanctuary using the outer south Gopura entrance as this is the main entrance of the sanctuary.

Best time to visit / climate

• Thailand is largely tropical.
• It’s hot and humid all year around with temperatures in the 28-35°C range (82-95°F).
• From November to the end of February, it doesn’t rain much and temperatures are at their lowest.
• From March to June, Thailand swelters in temperatures as high as 40°C (104°F).
• From July to October, although it only really gets underway in September, tropical monsoons hit most of the country.

Location on Google Maps

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Or click and paste the URL below on your browser:,+Nai+Mueang,+Phimai,+Nakhon+Ratchasima+30110,+Thailand&hl=en&geocode=Fc4_6AAdTO8bBg&hnear=Phimai+historical+park,+Nai+Mueang,+Phimai,+Nakhon+Ratchasima+30110,+Thailand&t=m&z=16

How to get there?

• It is about 60 km from Korat city.
• From the Highway No. 2, turn right to Road No.206.
• Passing a bridge, the Museum is on the left.
• And the Sanctuary on the right.
• Local buses run approx. every 20 minutes (06:00-19:00) from the nearby provincial capital of Nakhon Ratchasima (also known as Khorat).
• The local bus may stop on the road leading to the Khmer ruins; if you see a Khmer temple, by all means get off.
• From points north, get down at Talad Kae, and wait for the local bus as above.
• The fare from Nong Khai is 200 Baht to Talad Kae, and then 13 Baht from there to Phimai.

How to get to Thailand?

1. By plane
• The main international airports in Thailand are at Bangkok and Phuket.
• Both are well-served by intercontinental flights.
• Practically, every airline that flies to Asia also flies into Bangkok.
• International airports are also located at Hat Yai, Krabi, Koh Samui and Chiang Mai.
• Kuala Lumpur and Singapore make excellent places to catch flights into these smaller Thai cities.
• The national carrier is the well-regarded THAI Airways with Bangkok Airways filling in some gaps in the nearby region.
• Bangkok Airways offers free internet access while you wait for boarding to start at your gate.
• Chartered flights from and to Thailand from international destinations are operated by Hi Flying group.
• They fly to Bangkok, Phuket, Koh Samui and Udon Thani.

2. By road
– Cambodia – six international border crossings.
The highway from Siem Reap and the temples of Angkor via Poipet to Aranyaprathet.
– Laos: The busiest border crossing is at the Friendship Bridge across the Mekong between Nong Khai and the Lao capital Vientiane. It’s also possible to cross the Mekong at Chiang Khong / Huay Xai, Nakhon Phanom /Tha Khaek, Mukdahan / Savannakhet, and elsewhere.
• Vientiane / Udon Thani
• A bus service runs from the Morning Market bus station in Vientiane to the bus station in Udon Thani.
• The cost is 80 Baht or 22,000 Kip and the journey takes two hours.
• The Udon Thani airport is 30 minutes by Tuk Tuk from the bus station and is served by Thai Airways, Nok Air and Air Asia.
– Malaysia and Singapore: Driving up is entirely possible.
• Main crossings between Thailand and Malaysia are Padang Besar (Padang Besar) and Sadao (Bukit Kayu Hitam) in Songkhla province, Betong in Yala province, and Sungai Kolok in Narathiwat province.
• There are regular buses from Singapore to the southern hub of Hat Yai.

3. By train
Thailand’s sole international train service links to Butterworth (near Penang) and Kuala Lumpur in Malaysia, continuing all the way to Singapore.

4. By ferry
• It is possible now to travel by ferries in high season (Nov-May) from Phuket and island hop your way down the coast all the way to Indonesia.
• This can now be done without ever touching the mainland, Phuket (Thailand) to Padang (Indonesia). Islands en route:
– Ko Phi Phi
– Ko Lanta
– Ko Ngai
– Ko Mook
– Ko Bulon
– ko Lipe
– Langkawi.
– Penang

Some Travel Books about Thailand

Lonely Planet Discover Thailand Thailand PhotoMazing Thailand

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

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Blogs / Sites about Thailand – Phimai historical park

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Images and photos of Thailand – Phimai historical park

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Videos of Thailand – Phimai historical park

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