November 2012
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The Phimai historical park is situated in the town of Phimai, Nakhon Ratchasima province – Part 4

The Phimai historical park is situated in the town of Phimai, Nakhon Ratchasima province.

Overview of Phimai Historical Park

• This park encloses the most important Khmer temples and one of the unique temples of Thailand.
• The temple marks one end of the Ancient Khmer Highway from Angkor.
• 1020x580m is the area of this park that is comparable with that of Angkor Wat.
• Phimai must have been an important city in the Khmer empire.
• The buildings present here in the park are mostly from the late 11th to the late 12th century.
• They were constructed in the Baphuon, Angkor Wat and Bayon style.
• Khmer was a Hindu temple at the time of reign but construction was done as a Buddhist temple.
• Buddhism prevailed in the Khorat area, dates back to the 7th century.

Within Phimai’s Wall
• From south where the old town exists, the tourists have to pass a river that is about 1km towards south.
• There is a laterite landing stage. The archaeologists consider that it was a bathing place for heroines.
• AKA the “Pratu Chai” is the main entrance gate and is towards north side.
• This gate has been renovated by the Royal Fine Art Department.
• The size of the gate is huge.
• The gate is so huge that an elephant can get inside through it.
• The Royal Fine Art Department has constructed a gallery.
• This inner gallery showcases ancient Buddhist.
• There are sculptures that are small and they are all a part of the wrecked architecture.
• Phimani remains identical in all other means.
• There is a little renovation points here and there which were done by the Royal Art Department.

Architecture Style
• This style of architecture is very slightly identical to Angkor architecture.
• Phimai stands as an example of classical architecture of Khmer.
• The architects of Ancient Khmer are known to be the best for the use of sandstone.
• They used sandstone in the place of traditional bricks and laterite.
• The sand stones are visible outside as they are used on the outer layer.
• The outer wall was made out of laterite.
• Even the other hidden parts were made of laterite.
• These are all actually sandstone blocks of building the structures.
• Mount Meru representation is present on the many lotus shaped roofs.
• Meru actually means a holy mountain in the religion Hinduism.
• Phimai was constructed in such a way that it represents the universe.
• The central building which is the main one represents the center of the universe.
• Water and encircling mountains are the neighboring walls.
• True vaulting was not developed and Khmer was not the one who developed this technique or knew much about it but they have used it in their architectural styling.
• These results in those large areas could not be roofed over.
• They instead developed the use multiple chapels.

Construction Materials
• Use of bricks, sand stones, and laterite were done effectively by Khmer people.
• They were the three main principle structural materials.
• They generally cut the lintel 45 degrees triangular wedge.

Best time to visit / climate

• Thailand is largely tropical.
• It’s hot and humid all year around with temperatures in the 28-35°C range (82-95°F).
• From November to the end of February, it doesn’t rain much and temperatures are at their lowest.
• From March to June, Thailand swelters in temperatures as high as 40°C (104°F).
• From July to October, although it only really gets underway in September, tropical monsoons hit most of the country.

Location on Google Maps

View Larger Map

Or click and paste the URL below on your browser:,+Nai+Mueang,+Phimai,+Nakhon+Ratchasima+30110,+Thailand&hl=en&geocode=Fc4_6AAdTO8bBg&hnear=Phimai+historical+park,+Nai+Mueang,+Phimai,+Nakhon+Ratchasima+30110,+Thailand&t=m&z=16

How to get there?

• It is about 60 km from Korat city.
• From the Highway No. 2, turn right to Road No.206.
• Passing a bridge, the Museum is on the left.
• And the Sanctuary on the right.
• Local buses run approx. every 20 minutes (06:00-19:00) from the nearby provincial capital of Nakhon Ratchasima (also known as Khorat).
• The local bus may stop on the road leading to the Khmer ruins; if you see a Khmer temple, by all means get off.
• From points north, get down at Talad Kae, and wait for the local bus as above.
• The fare from Nong Khai is 200 Baht to Talad Kae, and then 13 Baht from there to Phimai.

How to get to Thailand?

1. By plane
• The main international airports in Thailand are at Bangkok and Phuket.
• Both are well-served by intercontinental flights.
• Practically, every airline that flies to Asia also flies into Bangkok.
• International airports are also located at Hat Yai, Krabi, Koh Samui and Chiang Mai.
• Kuala Lumpur and Singapore make excellent places to catch flights into these smaller Thai cities.
• The national carrier is the well-regarded THAI Airways with Bangkok Airways filling in some gaps in the nearby region.
• Bangkok Airways offers free internet access while you wait for boarding to start at your gate.
• Chartered flights from and to Thailand from international destinations are operated by Hi Flying group.
• They fly to Bangkok, Phuket, Koh Samui and Udon Thani.

2. By road
– Cambodia – six international border crossings.
The highway from Siem Reap and the temples of Angkor via Poipet to Aranyaprathet.
– Laos: The busiest border crossing is at the Friendship Bridge across the Mekong between Nong Khai and the Lao capital Vientiane. It’s also possible to cross the Mekong at Chiang Khong / Huay Xai, Nakhon Phanom /Tha Khaek, Mukdahan / Savannakhet, and elsewhere.
• Vientiane / Udon Thani
• A bus service runs from the Morning Market bus station in Vientiane to the bus station in Udon Thani.
• The cost is 80 Baht or 22,000 Kip and the journey takes two hours.
• The Udon Thani airport is 30 minutes by Tuk Tuk from the bus station and is served by Thai Airways, Nok Air and Air Asia.
– Malaysia and Singapore: Driving up is entirely possible.
• Main crossings between Thailand and Malaysia are Padang Besar (Padang Besar) and Sadao (Bukit Kayu Hitam) in Songkhla province, Betong in Yala province, and Sungai Kolok in Narathiwat province.
• There are regular buses from Singapore to the southern hub of Hat Yai.

3. By train
Thailand’s sole international train service links to Butterworth (near Penang) and Kuala Lumpur in Malaysia, continuing all the way to Singapore.

4. By ferry
• It is possible now to travel by ferries in high season (Nov-May) from Phuket and island hop your way down the coast all the way to Indonesia.
• This can now be done without ever touching the mainland, Phuket (Thailand) to Padang (Indonesia). Islands en route:
– Ko Phi Phi
– Ko Lanta
– Ko Ngai
– Ko Mook
– Ko Bulon
– ko Lipe
– Langkawi.
– Penang

Some Travel Books about Thailand

Lonely Planet Discover Thailand Thailand PhotoMazing Thailand

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at
Hotels at
Hotels at

Blogs / Sites about Thailand – Phimai historical park

Blogs at
Blogs at
Blogs at
Blogs and reviews at

Images and photos of Thailand – Phimai historical park

Images at
Images at
Images at
Images at

Videos of Thailand – Phimai historical park

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