November 2012
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Nakhon Si Thammarat is a city/town situated in Southern Thailand – Part 1

Nakhon Si Thammarat is a city/town and is capital of the province and district with same name. It is situated in Southern Thailand.

Overview of Nakhon Si Thammarat

• It is approximately 610 km (380 mi) to the south of Bangkok.
• It is on the east coast of the Malay Peninsula.
• This was the administrative center of southern Thailand.
• It was actually a coastal city.
• North to south is larger when compared to west to east extension for this city.
• This is its original location on a flood-save dune.
• To the north of Old Town is situated the modern city center of this city.
• This is around the train station.
• The population is around 105,417.
• It is one of the oldest cities of Thailand.
• It was earlier known as Kingdom of Ligor.
• It has many buildings and ruins which are of historical significance.
• It regained independence in 1767.
• This was after the fall of the Siamese capital of Ayutthaya.
• After founding of Bangkok, it returned to its allegiance.
• British, Portuguese and Dutch merchants, in the 17th century, came and set up factories here.
• They carried on an extensive trade.
• Nakhon Si Thammarat Province is the second largest province of the South.
• It is also the land of predominant Buddhism.
• This was during the Srivijaya Period.
• This city has pristine verdant jungles that are abundant with luxuriant vegetation.
• This city and province is well noted for its picturesque beaches and magnificient waterfalls.
• Its origins are not entirely known.
• It is considered that the Tambralinga kingdom of Chinese records being a precursor of Nakhon Si Thammarat.

Places to see in Nakhon Si Thammarat

1. Wat Phra Mahathat
• This is a very important temple of Nakhon Si Thammarat.
• It is also the most important in Southern Thailand.
• This is known to be constructed at the time of formation of this city.
• Hence it is the first and the oldest of the temples of the city.
• It has a tooth relic of Buddha.
• There is a chedi that is high that is up to a height of 78m.
• This high chedi is surrounded with smaller chedis.
• There are 173 smaller chedis.
• These chedi’s are in Sri Lankan style.
• There had been a Srivijaya style chedi upon which this chedi is known to be erected.
• Viharn Tap Kaset is a gallery which is located at the base of this chedi.
• This gallery has plenty of elephant’s heads that emerge from the chedi and also many Buddha statues.
• Viharn Phra Song Ma is the name of that part of the building wherein there is a staircase.
• This staircase leads to a walkway that is around the chedi and is above the gallery.
• Yak or demon giants are known to guard this staircase.
• Adjoining to the north is the Viharn Kien.
• This encloses a small temple museum.
• A large ubosot building is to the south of the chedi known as the Viharn Luang.
• There are also living quarters of monk that is situated across the street and these are in a separate temple that is named Wat Na Phra Boromathat.
• The chedi is the symbol of the Nakhon Si Thammarat province.
• This is at present in the seal of the province.
• It is also visible on the 25 satang coin.

2. The City Wall
• This wall is a fortification.
• It was done when the town was re-founded in 1278.
• Restorations were done during the reign of King Ramesuan.
• This is around 14th century.
• Even during the reign of King Narai, 1686, some restorations are recorded.
• M. de la Mare who was a French engineer is known to have supported these restorations.
• These city walls spread about 456 m from East to West, and about 2238 m North to South.
• This is like housing an area of one square kilometer.
• Only one gate was there at the northern wall which is known as Prathu Chai Nua or Prathu Chai Sak.
• And one gate was at the Southern wall.
• Three gates were known to exist to the east.
• These gates were a connection link to the town with the sea.
• There were five gates towards the west.
• Currently, only gate that is known to exist is the northern gate.
• There is a short stretch of the northern city wall.

Best time to visit / climate

• Thailand is largely tropical.
• It’s hot and humid all year around with temperatures in the 28-35°C range (82-95°F).
• From November to the end of February, it doesn’t rain much and temperatures are at their lowest.
• From March to June, Thailand swelters in temperatures as high as 40°C (104°F).
• From July to October, although it only really gets underway in September, tropical monsoons hit most of the country.

Location on Google Maps

View Larger Map

Or click and paste the URL below on your browser:,+Thailand&gl=in&t=m&z=9

How to get there?

1. By car
• Take Highway No. 4.
• Take the road on the Bangkok-Prachuap Khiri Khan-Chumphon route.
• Then take Highway No. 41.
• Go past Surat Thani-Thung Song until arriving in Nakhon Si Thammarat or Amphoe Phun Phin in Surat Thani.
• Then take Highway No. 401.
• Go along the coast to Nakhon Si Thammarat.
• The total distance of 780km.

2. By plane
There are two airlines operating flights between Bangkok and Nakhon Si Thammarat. They are as follows:-
• Nok Air airline
• Air Asia
• Nakhon Si Thammarat Airport

3. By train
• There are rapid and express trains.
• They depart from Bangkok Railway Station to Nakhon Si Thammarat.
• The timings are at 5:35PM and 7:15PM respectively.
• The train takes from 12-14 hours.
• Trains leave the NST Terminal for Bangkok daily.
• Timings are at 1pm and 3pm.
• The NST is in the west, centre of the town.

4. By bus
• Regular and air-conditioned buses of the Transport companies depart from Bangkok’s Southern Bus Terminal.
• The trip takes about 12 hours.
• Air-conditioned buses leave Bangkok
They leave at the following times:
– VIP Bus: 5:15PM and 7PM Standard
– 1 Bus: 9AM, 6PM and 8.30PM
– Standard 2 Bus: 6:40AM, 6PM, 8PM and 10PM
Travel within the province is easy with mini-bus service around the city.
Transport to nearby provinces includes:
– Vans
– Taxis
– Buses
– Trains

Some Travel Books about Thailand

Lonely Planet Discover Thailand Thailand PhotoMazing Thailand

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at
Hotels at
Hotels at

Blogs / Sites about Thailand – Nakhon Si Thammarat

Blogs at
Blogs at
Blogs at
Blogs and reviews at

Images and photos of Thailand – Nakhon Si Thammarat

Images at
Images at
Images at
images at

Videos of Thailand – Nakhon Si Thammarat

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