October 2012
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List of national parks of Thailand – Part 2

National parks in Thailand are defined as an area of least ten square kilometers which are known to contain natural resources of ecological importance or unique beauty, or flora and fauna of special importance.
There are many national parks in Thailand, few are listed below.

1. Khao Yai National Park

• Khao Yai National Park is a national park in Isaan, Thailand.
• It was established in 1962.
• Khao Yai is Thailand’s first national park.
• Today, it is the second largest national park in Thailand.
• The area along with the surrounding Dong Phaya Yen Mountains was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2005.
• Khao Yai National Park is huge and is located northeast of Bangkok.
• It is the oldest national park over the years.
• It has 500 km of hiking trails, large waterfalls, virgin forests and nearly 300 species of birds.
• Elephants and tigers are among the larger animals here.

Flora and Fauna
• Dry Evergreen Forests: Dipterocarps and Hopia and Bamboo
• Dry Deciduous Forests: Afzelia, Xylia and Lagerstroemia
• Tropical Moist Evergreen Forest
• Hill Evergreen Forests: Lithocarps and Catanopsis
• Grasslands
• Civets
• Squirrels
• Porcupines
• Wild pigs
• Snakes
• Lizards
• Geckos
• Cicadas
• Siamese crocodiles
• Birds; over 320 species have been recorded especially Hornbills
• Bats: Nearly 1 million insect eating bats live in a cave on the edge of the Park.

Entry Fee for Locals and Foreigners
• Thai Residents: Adults: 40 baht (2011 fees)
• Foreigners: Adults: 400 baht (2011 fees)
• (Foreign) Children (under 14): 200 baht
• Bicycles: 10 baht
• Motorcycles: 20 baht
• Cars: 50 baht

2. Khao Sok National Park

• Khao Sok National Park is a jungle reserve in Southern Thailand.
• It is one of the most beautiful wildlife reserves in Thailand.
• The buses fully roll into the slow lane between Surat Thani and Phuket.
• Khao Sok has a large lake Whacking the center, which is over 50 km in diameter.
• It extends the support of a large number of fish and ecosystems.
• There are deep caverns of the gap that is visible outside the rainy season.
• Keep an eye on the wildlife.
• There are a number of wonderful creatures to see.

Flora and Fauna
• The towering limestone mountains of Khao Sok are covered in fertile moist evergreen forests.
• It is wet and humid here all year round.
• The forest is the watershed for the Ta Bee River.
• Lianas, young trees, mosses, ferns and orchids are highlights of flora.
• The ground is for one of Thailand’s most weird and rare flowers – the Raffesia patma.
• Khao Sok is home to many species of wildlife such as elephant, sambar deer, bear, gibbons, the rare Malayan Tapir and many kinds of birds.

Entry Fee for Locals and Foreigners
• 200 Baht for Foreigners
• 100 Baht for students
• 40B for Thai locals

3. Phang Nga Bay National Park

• Phang Nga Bay is a 400 km² bay in the Andaman Sea between the island of Phuket and the mainland of the Malay peninsula of southern Thailand.
• Phang Nga Bay National Park is one of the most beautiful park for lovers of water and islands.
• This is a karst area and marine gastropods Stark.
• Stark is the column is dyed to grow from the soil and water.
• There are caves, traditional villages and lots of green.
• It is located 100 km from the city of Phuket.
• Kayaking in Phang Nga Bay National Park is particularly good.

Flora and Fauna
• 12 types such as Rhizophora mucronata, Rhizophora apiculata, Xylocarpus granatum, etc. are found.
• 7 important types of plants such as Rhizophora mucronata, Rhizophora apiculata, Xylocarpus granatum, etc. are found.
• The 5 types of important plants here are Rhizophora apiculata, Sonneratia ovata, Aegialites rotundifolia, Xylocarpus granatum and Melaleuca leucadendron are found.
• Mammal animals, from survey could be found upto 27 types such as Macaca irus, Semnopithecus obscurus, Hylobates lar, etc. are found.
• The important aquatic mammal animals such as Infonesian white dolphin, Malayan dolphin, Finless porpoise are found.
• 120 types of birds have been found, the important ones are Little heron, Pacific reef-egret, Little egret, etc are found.
• 26 types of reptiles have been found totally such as Siamese box terrapin, Pseudoxenodon macrops (Blyth), etc.
• 4 types of amphibians have been found such as Rana cancrivora, R. limnocharis, Rhaco phorusleucomystax, etc.
• Fishes includes squat-headed hammer, head shark sphyrna tudes, freshwater ater stingray dasyatis bleekeri, Moray eel, Puffer fish.
• Many kinds of fish which live in the coral such as Butterfly fish and the economical valued fishes such as short-bodied mackerel.

Marine Life
• Marine life totals over 80 species.
• 24 species of fish, 14 species of shrimp, 15 species of crabs and another 16 species of manta-rays, sharks, and game fish are found.
• In the bay, you will find blue crabs, swimming crabs, mud-skippers, humpback shrimp, mud-lobsters, pomfrets, jewfish, sole, anchovies, scad, rock cod, as well as rainbow cuttlefish, soft cuttlefish, musk crab, mackerels, spinefoots, groupers, black sea cucumbers, brain coral, staghorn coral and lastly flower like soft coral.

4. Ang Thong National Marine Park
• Ang Thong archipelago is a dream of Koh Samui and Surat Thani.
• Samui is very popular and even kayaks in many berries.
• You can hike to the top of some of the islands and campsites near the headquarters of the park.

5. Erawan National Park
• Kanchanaburi, most famous park is home to beautiful Erawan Falls.
• This is a huge waterfall on seven floors at 1500 m.
• Visitors can swim in pools and walk along the path of the falls.
• The rest of the park is functioning well and a series of caves, caverns Phrathat.
• The park is very busy during the holidays.

6. Doi Inthanon National Park
• This National Park is the highest in Thailand and has reached a point of over 2560 m altitude.
• The mountain itself is fairly common in its heyday.
• In the unity of the mountain are the king and queen, stupas years.
• The sides of the falls and a large degree of accommodation are.
• This is the least visited national parks in Thailand.

7. Mu Koh Surin
• It is often called Surin National Park.
• The park covers the north of the border between Thailand and Burma in the Andaman Sea.
• Most of the park, which stretches AOS from the lake, where there are five islands, including North Island South Island and three grandchildren.
• The diving here is excellent.

8. Tarutao
• This region of Thailand is largely invisible in the far south.
• It is against the territory of Malaysia.
• It includes many islands in the province of Satun, and includes the popular island of Koh Lipe.
• You can also stay at Koh Tarutao and Adang.
• Snorkeling, sunsets and tranquility are the big problem here.

Best time to visit / climate

• Thailand is largely tropical.
• It’s hot and humid all year around with temperatures in the 28-35°C range (82-95°F).
• From November to the end of February, it doesn’t rain much and temperatures are at their lowest.
• From March to June, Thailand swelters in temperatures as high as 40°C (104°F).
• From July to October, although it only really gets underway in September, tropical monsoons hit most of the country.

Location on Google Maps

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How to get there?

1. By Plane
• The main international airports in Thailand are at Bangkok and Phuket.
• Both are well-served by intercontinental flights.
• Practically every airline that flies to Asia also flies into Bangkok.
• International airports are also located at Hat Yai, Krabi, Koh Samui and Chiang Mai.
• Kuala Lumpur and Singapore make excellent places to catch flights into these smaller Thai cities.
• The national carrier is the well-regarded THAI Airways with Bangkok Airways filling in some gaps in the nearby region.
• Bangkok Airways offers free internet access while you wait for boarding to start at your gate.
• Chartered flights from and to Thailand from international destinations are operated by Hi Flying group.
• They fly to Bangkok, Phuket, Koh Samui and Udon Thani.

2. By Road
• Cambodia – six international border crossings.
• The highway from Siem Reap and the temples of Angkor via Poipet to Aranyaprathet
• Laos – the busiest border crossing is at the Friendship Bridge across the Mekong between Nong Khai and the Lao capital Vientiane.
• It’s also possible to cross the Mekong at Chiang Khong / Huay Xai, Nakhon Phanom /Tha Khaek, Mukdahan / Savannakhet, and elsewhere.
• Vientiane / Udon Thani.
• A bus service runs from the Morning Market bus station in Vientiane to the bus station in Udon Thani.
• The cost is 80 Baht or 22,000 Kip and the journey takes two hours.
• The Udon Thani airport is 30 minutes by Tuk Tuk from the bus station and is served by Thai Airways, Nok Air and Air Asia.
Malaysia and Singapore driving is entirely possible.
• Main crossings between Thailand and Malaysia are Padang Besar (Padang Besar) and Sadao (Bukit Kayu Hitam) in Songkhla province, Betong in Yala province, and Sungai Kolok in Narathiwat province.
• There are regular buses from Singapore to the southern hub of Hat Yai.

3. By Train
Thailand’s sole international train service links to Butterworth (near Penang) and Kuala Lumpur in Malaysia, continuing all the way to Singapore.

4. By Ferry
• It is possible now to travel by ferries in high season (Nov-May) from Phuket and island hop your way down the coast all the way to Indonesia.
• This can now be done without ever touching the mainland, Phuket (Thailand) to Padang (Indonesia).
Islands en route:
– Ko Phi Phi
– Ko Lanta
– Ko Ngai
– Ko Mook
– Ko Bulon
– Ko Lipe
– Langkawi
– Penang

Some Travel Books about Thailand

Lonely Planet Discover Thailand Thailand PhotoMazing Thailand

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at wikitravel.org
Hotels at tourismthailand.org
Hotels at gothailand.com

Blogs / Sites about Thailand – List of national parks of Thailand

Blogs at wikipedia.org
Blogs at thainationalpark.com
Blogs at ezinearticles.com
Blogs and reviews at dnp.go.th

Images and photos of Thailand – list of national parks of Thailand

Images at google.com
Images at timlaman.com
Images at travel.mongabay.com
Images at trekearth.com

Videos of Thailand – list of national parks of Thailand

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