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The Belvedere is a historical building complex in Vienna, Austria.




The Belvedere is a historical building complex in Vienna, Austria.
• It has two Baroque palaces known as the Upper and Lower Belvedere, the Orangery, and the Palace Stables.
• The buildings are set in a Baroque park landscape.
• They are in the third district of the city, south-east of its center.
• It houses the Belvedere museum.
• The grounds are set on a gentle gradient.

It includes:
• Decorative tiered fountains and cascades
• Baroque sculptures
• Majestic wrought iron gates

The Baroque palace complex was built as a summer residence for Prince Eugene of Savoy.
• The Belvedere was built during the period of extensive constructions in Vienna.
• It was both the imperial capital and home to the ruling dynasty at that time.
• This period of prosperity followed on from the successful win of commander-in-chief Prince Eugene of Savoy’s against the Ottoman Empire.

Lower Belvedere
• On 30 November 1697, one year after commencing with the construction of the Stadtpalais, Prince Eugene purchased a sizable plot of land.
• This was to the south of the Rennweg, the main road to Hungary.
• Plans for the Belvedere garden complex were drawn up.
• The prince chose Johann Lukas von Hildebrandt as the chief architect for this project.
• Hildebrandt (1668–1745), whom the general had met whilst engaged in a military campaign in Piedmont, had already built Rackeve Palace for him in 1602 on Csepel.
• The prince bought additional neighboring areas of land in 1708, 1716, and again in 1717–18 to allow him to expand the garden in stages.
• Records indicate that the construction of the Upper Belvedere had started by 1712.
• Work proceeded swiftly, and Marcantonio Chiarini from Bologna started painting the quadratura in the central hall in 1715.
• The Lower Belvedere was described on an early city scape.
• The statuary for the balustrade is the best known work of Giovanni Stanetti.
• The Lower Belvedere and the Orangery have been specially adapted to stage special exhibitions.
• This venue opened in March 2007 with the exhibition Gartenlust: Der Garten in der Kunst.

Gardens
• The garden had scenery enclosed by clipped hedging.
• Their great water basins in the upper parterre and the stairs and cascades peopled by nymphs and goddesses that links upper and lower parterres survive.
• The patterned bedding has long been grassed over.
• It is currently being restored.

Upper Belvedere
• The construction of the Upper Belvedere began as early as 1717.
• The decoration of the interior started as early as 1718.
• In 1719 he commissioned the Italian painter Francesco Solimena.
• He was brought to execute both the altarpiece for the Palace Chapel and the ceiling fresco in the Golden Room.
• In the same year Gaetano Fanti was commissioned to execute the illusionistic quadratura painting in the Marble Hall.
• In 1720 Carlo Carlone was entrusted with the task of painting the ceiling fresco in the Marble Hall.
• He executed this from 1721–23.
• The building was completed in 1723.
• The Sala Terrena, however, was at risk of collapsing due to structural problems.
• In the winter of 1732–33 Hildebrandt was forced to install a vaulted ceiling supported by four Atlas pillars.
• This gave the room its current appearance.
• Salomon Kleiner, an engineer from the Mainz elector’s court, produced a ten-part publication between 1731 and 1740.
• This contained a total of ninety plates.
• The Moderne Galerie was opened in the Orangery in 1929.
• The palaces suffered considerable damage during World War II.
• The Osterreichische Galerie reopened in the upper palace on 4 February 1953.
• The Baroque Museum opened in the lower palace and the Museum mittelalterlicher österreichischer Kunst opened in the Orangery on 5 December 1953.

Admission Tickets

For Groups of 10 persons and over:
– Belvedere ticket € 13.50
– Only Upper Belvedere € 9.50
– Only Lower Belvedere € 9.50
Adult group tours (per guide) – € 70 (maximum of 25 persons per guide)

OPENING HOURS
Upper Belvedere : Daily 10 am to 6 pm
Wednesday 10 am to 9 pm
Until September – 26, 2012
Prinz Eugen-Straße 27, 1030 Wien

Lower Belvedere, Orangery : Daily 10 am to 6 pm
Wednesday 10 am to 9 pm

Palace Stables : Daily 10 am to 12 am
Rennweg 6, 1030 Wien

Augarten Contemporary : Monday to Thursday, Saturday to Sunday : 11 am to 7pm
Friday 11 am to 10 pm
Scherzergasse 1a, 1020 Wien

21er Haus
Wednesday 10 am to 9 pm
Thursday to Sunday 10 am to 6 pm
Schweizergarten, Arsenalstraße 1, 1030 Wien
Secession | Gustav Klimt, Beethoven Frieze
Tuesday to Sunday 10 am to 6 pm
Friedrichstraße 12, 1010 Wien

Places to see in and around Austria

1. Lake Constance
• This is a big lake situated in Vorarlberg.
• This lake is shared with Switzerland and Germany.

2. Kaprun
• This is a part of the Europa Sport Region.

3. Pinswang
• This is one of the most ancient settlements of the North Tyrolean Ausserfern.
• This is on the border with Bavaria.
• It takes a short walk or drive to the famous King Ludwig’s castles.

4. Salzkammergut
St. Anton
• This is a popular ski resort in Austria.
• This resort is on the Vorarlberg-Tyrolean border.

5. Thermenland
• This is one of Austria’s warmest lakes.

6. Zell am See
• This is one of the most important alpine tourist towns in Austria.

7. High Mountain National Park
• This is in the Zimmertal Alps.
• It peaks up to 3476m, narrow gorges and steep cliffs.

8. National Park Thayatal
• This park combines beautiful valley landscapes with a variety of castles and ruined fortresses.

9. Grossglockner
• The country’s highest peak is called Grossglockner.
• It is located on the border between Carinthia and the East Tyrol.
• Grossglockner High Alpine Road, with its gorgeous panorama’s is highly recommended to get a great view.

10. Villgratental
• At the feet of mountain peaks you’ll find luscious valleys.
• This includes Villgratental.

11. River Danube
• The river Danube created some beautiful valley landscapes.
• Here you’ll now find famous vineyards.
• Wachau and Dunkelsteinerwald in Lower Austra are fine (and protected) examples.
• The valley landscapes and hillsides are dotted with countless picturesque villages.

12. Historical places

• Austria boasts a wealth of majestic architecture and historic structures.
• It was long a centre of power in the Holy Roman Empire.
• Here you will find palaces and magnificent city architecture.
• Addition to these you will find grand cathedrals, monasteries and churches.

Vienna
• This is the country’s capital and most popular destination.
• It is packed with Medieval and Baroque structures.
• Schonbrunn Palace with its 1441 rooms is the absolute highlight.
• Tiergarten Schönbrunn, is the oldest zoo in the world.
• The 12th century St. Stephen’s Cathedral is the most prominent religious building.
• Salzburg combines delightful Alpine surroundings with a beautifully preserved historic center.
• Innsbruck, at the heart of Tyrol is a historical place. The Mariazell Basilica in Mariazell is one of the country’s most visited attractions and an important pilgrimage destination.

Styria
Murauer Bier
• The Murauer Brewery has a permament brewing museum.
• Turn up on Tuesdays and Thursdays.
• The tour includes the museum, brew house, a video presentation and a free Murauer beer or lemonade in any of their bars in the town.
• Price: 3€

Judenburg Sternenturm
• There is a (locally) famous planetarium.
• The town also has a town tower.
• It offers views of the entire area.

Burg Riegersberg
• This wonderfully preserved medieval castle is privately owned by the ruling family of Liechtenstein.
• Entry is cheap.
• The castle can be reached by walking up the original access path that winds its way through the castle’s defensive gates.
• There is a cable car which ascends the other side of the hill.

Zotter Chocolate
• Also near, Riegersberg is the Zotter chocolate factory.
• They make all their chocolate in an ethical and organic manner.
• The tour of the factory allows you to taste all of their varieties of chocolate (around 150).

Things to do there:

– Skiing and Snowboarding
– Cycle Touring
– Music
– Movies

Hiking
• Most trails and mountain huts are maintained by the Austrian Alpine Club.
• Some are run by other equivalent organizations, such as the German, Dutch and Italian Alpine Clubs.
• Mountain huts are meant to be shelters, not hotels.
• During the high season (August), it’s a good idea to book in advance.
• Prices for the night are usually around 10-20€ (half for Alpine Club members).
• Meals and drinks are quite expensive.

Best time to visit / climate

– Austria has a temperate continental climate.
– Summers last from early June to mid-September.
– It can be hot in some years and rainy in others.
– Winters are cold in the lowlands and very harsh in the Alpine region.
– In alpine region the temperatures often drop below -10° C (14° F).
– Winters last from December to March.
– In the Alpine region large temperature fluctuations occur all year round and nights are chilly even in high summer.
– The area around Vienna often experiences strong easterly winds.
– The high season is August.

Location on Google Maps


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How to get to The Belvedere?

1. Upper Belvedere
Prinz Eugen-Straße 27, 1030 Wien
Plane Wien Schwechat: Bus, to stop “Südbahnhof “
Train to stop “Südbahnhof “
Tram D, to stop “Schloss Belvedere”
Tram 18, 0, to stop “Südbahnhof”
Bus 13A, 69A, to stop “Südbahnhof”
Underground U1, to stop “Südtirolerplatz”

rong>2. Lower Belvedere
Rennweg 6, 1030 Wien
Tram 71, to stop “Am Heumarkt”
Tram D, to stop “Gußhausstraße”

3. 21er Haus
Schweizergarten, Arsenalstraße 1, 1030 Wien
Plane Wien Schwechat: Bus, to stop “Südbahnhof “
Train to stop “Südbahnhof “
Tram D, to stop “Südbahnhof”
Tram 18, 0, to stop “Südbahnhof”
Bus 13A, 69A, to stop “Südbahnhof”
Underground U1, to stop “Südtirolerplatz”

4. Augarten Contemporary
Scherzergasse 1a, 1020 Wien
Tram 2 and 5, stop „Am Tabor“
Underground: U2, “Taborstraße”

How to get to Austria?

1. By plane
• There are 6 airports in Austria with scheduled flights.
• The most important international airport is Vienna.
• This has connection to all major airports of the world.
• Other international airports include Graz, Innsbruck, Klagenfurt, Linz, and Salzburg.
• They provide domestic flights as well as connections to some European countries.
• Those airports are particularly popular with cheap airlines such as Ryanair.
• For traveling to the western states it is recommended to use the very close Munich airport.
• The most common airports to visit Vorarlberg are Altenrhein (Austrian), Friedrichshafen (Ryanair, Intersky) and Zurich (Swiss).
• If visiting Austria for winter sports, choose airport considering cost and duration for the whole trip (plane+transfer).

2. By Bus
Eurolines Austria has bus schedules from Austria to all major European countries and back.

3. By Car
From Germany
– Motorway A8 from Munich to Salzburg.
– Motorway A93 from Rosenheim via Kufstein to Innsbruck, Tyrol.
– E43 (A96) from Leutkirch via Wangen to Bregenz, Vorarlberg.
– E56 from Regensburg via Passau to Linz, Upper Austria.
From Italy
– Motorway A23 to Villach, Carinthia.
– E54 via Brenner to Innsbruck, Tyrol.
From Slovenia
– E652 to Villach,Carinthia.
– E57 via Spielfeld to Graz, Styria.

4. By Train
• The OBB (Austrian Railways) operate high-speed ICE and RailJet trains from cities like Zurich,Munich,Frankfurt, Passau, and Budapest.
• Eurocity trains are the next fastest trains.
• Regional trains called EURegio and simplyRegionalzug are also avialible from all 8 of Austria’s neighbors.

Austria & the Alps 2000 – 2007 DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: Austria Frommer’s Austria

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers):
Hotels at wikitravel.org
Hotels at lodgingaustria.com
Hotels at venere.com

Blogs / Sites about Austria – The Belvedere

Blogs at austria.info
Blogs at visitmuseums.com
Blogs at fodors.com
Blogs and reviews at belvedere.at

Images and photos of Austria – The Belvedere

Images at google.com
Images at travel-pictures-gallery.com
Images at belvedere.at
Images at austria.info

Videos about Austria – The Belvedere






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