September 2012
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Hohensalzburg Castle is a castle in the Austrian city of Salzburg.

Hohensalzburg Castle is a castle in the Austrian city of Salzburg which is atop the Festungsberg Mountain.

Overview of Hohensalzburg Castle

• It is erected at the behest of the Prince-Archbishops of Salzburg.
• It is today with a length of 250 m (820 ft) and a width of 150 m (490 ft).
• It is one of the largest medieval castles in Europe.

• The fortress consists of various wings and courtyard.
• The Prince-Bishop’s apartments are located in the so-called “Hoher Stock”.

Salzburg Bull
• The Kraut Tower (Krautturm) houses a large aerophon of more than 200 pipes which is called the “Salzburg Bull” (Salzburger Stier).
• This huge mechanical organ was built in 1502 by Archbishop Leonhard von Keutschach.
• It was renewed by Rochus Egedacher in 1735.
• From Palm Sunday to 31 October the “Salzburg Bull” played daily at 7, 11 and 18’o clock.
• The aerophone thus initiated the playing of the carillon at the Residenz platz and ended it again.
• One of Austria’s most famous cabaret prices is named after it.

Chapel of Archbishop Leonhard von Keutschach
• The Salzburg archbishop Leonhard von Keutschach (1495-1519) had the chapel built at a later time.
• One of the figure consoles in the beam ceiling had to be removed to make room for it.
• A richly ornamented star vault decorates the ceiling of the chapel.
• The inner part of the door at the entrance is covered with stucco.
• The painted frame shows red columns on a high plinth with grey capitals.
• The coat of arms of Salzburg and of Leonhard von Keutschach is reproduced in the tympanum beneath the mitre.

Golden Hall
• Archbishop Leonhard von Keutschach had the magnificent state apartments installed on the third floor in 1498.
• The rooms in which the archbishops would normally lived in were one floor below.
• The state apartments were primarily used for representative purposes and for festivities.
• The Golden Hall was richly decorated.
• It indicates that the fortress served the archbishops and as a residence up to the 16th century.
• Archbishop Leonhard von Keutschach had four massive marble pillars constructed on the right-hand outer wall and had a loggia added on.
• The ceiling is coffer-ed.
• Each coffer being adorned with gold buttons symbolizing the stars in the sky.
• The 17 meter long beam supports the ceiling.

Golden Chamber
• The Golden Chamber is the most magnificently furnished room of the princely chambers.
• The two long walls are taken up by benches that are richly decorated with vines, grapes, foliage and animals.
• These benches used to be covered with cloth or leather.
• The walls also used to be covered in gold-embossed leather tapestry.

• The bedchamber is the most intimate room of the princely chambers.
• The original furniture and precious textiles, such as tapestry, were replaced by more “modern” ones.
• The elaborate wainscoting to keep out the cold still bears witness to the splendor of the past.
• The upper part of the panels is decorated with gilded buttons and rosettes.
• The lower part was probably covered with leather or velvet tapestry.
• The door conceals a toilet, which is basically a hole in the floor with a wooden frame.
• In the past this was a highly modern sanitary facility and was accessible from each floor.

In Austria, one can find:
– Glaciers
– Meadows
– Alpine valleys
– Wooded foothills
– Gently rolling farmland
– Vineyards
– River gorges
– Plains
– Semi-arid steppes

Places to see in and around Austria

1. Lake Constance
• This is a big lake situated in Vorarlberg.
• This lake is shared with Switzerland and Germany.

2. Kaprun
• This is a part of the Europa Sport Region.

3. Pinswang
• This is one of the most ancient settlements of the North Tyrolean Ausserfern.
• This is on the border with Bavaria.
• It takes a short walk or drive to the famous King Ludwig’s castles.

4. Salzkammergut
St. Anton
• This is a popular ski resort in Austria.
• This resort is on the Vorarlberg-Tyrolean border.

5. Thermenland
• This is one of Austria’s warmest lakes.

6. Zell am See
• This is one of the most important alpine tourist towns in Austria.

7. High Mountain National Park
• This is in the Zimmertal Alps.
• It peaks up to 3476m, narrow gorges and steep cliffs.

8. National Park Thayatal
• This park combines beautiful valley landscapes with a variety of castles and ruined fortresses.

9. Grossglockner
• The country’s highest peak is called Grossglockner.
• It is located on the border between Carinthia and the East Tyrol.
• Grossglockner High Alpine Road, with its gorgeous panorama’s is highly recommended to get a great view.

10. Villgratental
• At the feet of mountain peaks you’ll find luscious valleys.
• This includes Villgratental.

11. River Danube
• The river Danube created some beautiful valley landscapes.
• Here you’ll now find famous vineyards.
• Wachau and Dunkelsteinerwald in Lower Austra are fine (and protected) examples.
• The valley landscapes and hillsides are dotted with countless picturesque villages.

12. Historical places

• Austria boasts a wealth of majestic architecture and historic structures.
• It was long a centre of power in the Holy Roman Empire.
• Here you will find palaces and magnificent city architecture.
• Addition to these you will find grand cathedrals, monasteries and churches.

• This is the country’s capital and most popular destination.
• It is packed with Medieval and Baroque structures.
• Schonbrunn Palace with its 1441 rooms is the absolute highlight.
• Tiergarten Schönbrunn, is the oldest zoo in the world.
• The 12th century St. Stephen’s Cathedral is the most prominent religious building.
• Salzburg combines delightful Alpine surroundings with a beautifully preserved historic center.
• Innsbruck, at the heart of Tyrol is a historical place. The Mariazell Basilica in Mariazell is one of the country’s most visited attractions and an important pilgrimage destination.

Murauer Bier
• The Murauer Brewery has a permament brewing museum.
• Turn up on Tuesdays and Thursdays.
• The tour includes the museum, brew house, a video presentation and a free Murauer beer or lemonade in any of their bars in the town.
• Price: 3€

Judenburg Sternenturm
• There is a (locally) famous planetarium.
• The town also has a town tower.
• It offers views of the entire area.

Burg Riegersberg
• This wonderfully preserved medieval castle is privately owned by the ruling family of Liechtenstein.
• Entry is cheap.
• The castle can be reached by walking up the original access path that winds its way through the castle’s defensive gates.
• There is a cable car which ascends the other side of the hill.

Zotter Chocolate
• Also near, Riegersberg is the Zotter chocolate factory.
• They make all their chocolate in an ethical and organic manner.
• The tour of the factory allows you to taste all of their varieties of chocolate (around 150).

Things to do there:

– Skiing and Snowboarding
– Cycle Touring
– Music
– Movies

• Most trails and mountain huts are maintained by the Austrian Alpine Club.
• Some are run by other equivalent organizations, such as the German, Dutch and Italian Alpine Clubs.
• Mountain huts are meant to be shelters, not hotels.
• During the high season (August), it’s a good idea to book in advance.
• Prices for the night are usually around 10-20€ (half for Alpine Club members).
• Meals and drinks are quite expensive.

Best time to visit / climate

– Austria has a temperate continental climate.
– Summers last from early June to mid-September.
– It can be hot in some years and rainy in others.
– Winters are cold in the lowlands and very harsh in the Alpine region.
– In alpine region the temperatures often drop below -10° C (14° F).
– Winters last from December to March.
– In the Alpine region large temperature fluctuations occur all year round and nights are chilly even in high summer.
– The area around Vienna often experiences strong easterly winds.
– The high season is August.

Location on Google Maps

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Or click and paste the URL below on your browser:,13.047466&spn=0.008432,0.013797&fb=1&gl=in&hq=Fortress+Hohensalzburg&cid=0,0,3132181883231425899&t=m&z=16&iwloc=A

How to get there?

1. By plane
• There are 6 airports in Austria with scheduled flights.
• The most important international airport is Vienna.
• This has connection to all major airports of the world.
• Other international airports include Graz, Innsbruck, Klagenfurt, Linz, and Salzburg.
• They provide domestic flights as well as connections to some European countries.
• Those airports are particularly popular with cheap airlines such as Ryanair.
• For traveling to the western states it is recommended to use the very close Munich airport.
• The most common airports to visit Vorarlberg are Altenrhein (Austrian), Friedrichshafen (Ryanair, Intersky) and Zurich (Swiss).
• If visiting Austria for winter sports, choose airport considering cost and duration for the whole trip (plane+transfer).

2. By Bus
Eurolines Austria has bus schedules from Austria to all major European countries and back.

3. By Car
From Germany
– Motorway A8 from Munich to Salzburg.
– Motorway A93 from Rosenheim via Kufstein to Innsbruck, Tyrol.
– E43 (A96) from Leutkirch via Wangen to Bregenz, Vorarlberg.
– E56 from Regensburg via Passau to Linz, Upper Austria.
From Italy
– Motorway A23 to Villach, Carinthia.
– E54 via Brenner to Innsbruck, Tyrol.
From Slovenia
– E652 to Villach,Carinthia.
– E57 via Spielfeld to Graz, Styria.

4. By Train
• The OBB (Austrian Railways) operate high-speed ICE and RailJet trains from cities like Zurich,Munich,Frankfurt, Passau, and Budapest.
• Eurocity trains are the next fastest trains.
• Regional trains called EURegio and simplyRegionalzug are also avialible from all 8 of Austria’s neighbors.

Austria & the Alps 2000 – 2007 DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: Austria Frommer’s Austria

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at
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Blogs / Sites about Austria – Fortress Hohensalzburg

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Images and photos of Austria – Fortress Hohensalzburg

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Videos of Austria – Fortress Hohensalzburg

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