July 2012
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The Merlion – a mythical creature located in Sentosa, Singapore.

The Merlion is a mythical creature with the head of a lion and the body of a fish which is used as a mascot and national personification of Singapore. It is located in Sentosa.

Overview of The Merlion

• Its name combines “mer” meaning the sea and “lion”.
• The fish body represents Singapore’s origin as a fishing village when it was called Temasek.
• Temasek means “sea town” in Javanese.
• The lion head represents Singapore’s original name — Singapura which means “lion city” or “kota singa”.
• The symbol was designed by Fraser Brunner, who was a member of the Souvenir Committee and curator of the Van Kleef Aquarium.
• It has been used for the logo of the Singapore Tourism Board (STB) from 26 March 1964 to 1997.
• It has been its trademarked symbol since 20 July 1966.
• STB changed their logo in 1997.
• STB Act continues to protect the Merlion symbol.
• The Merlion appears frequently on STB-approved souvenirs.
• A gigantic 37-metre tall replica of the Merlion.
• It also houses two viewing galleries and a souvenir shop.
• The Merlion statue once played a part in the famous Magical Sentosa show.
• The Sentosa Monorail used to pass by this gigantic statue.
• Now it is replaced by the Sentosa Express which still passes by the statue.
• The Merlion Statue played several parts in several performances at the famous Sentosa Musical Fountain.
• This included the Spirits Of Sentosa show, and the Magical Sentosa show.
• The merlion is actually a mythical creature with the body of a fish and the head of a lion which occurs in a number of different artistic traditions.
• Lions with fishtails can be found on Indian murals at Ajanta and Mathura, and on Etruscan coins of the Hellenistic period.
• Merlions, or ‘heraldic sea- lions’, are an established element of Western heraldry.
• The original Merlion statue used to stand at the mouth of the Singapore River, at the tip of the current The Fullerton Waterboat House Garden with Anderson Bridge as its background.
• The Merlion is a male.
• It was conceptualised by the vice-chancellor of the University of Singapore.
• It measures 8.6 metres high and weighs 70 tons.
• Its body is made of cement.
• The skin is made from porcelain plates and eyes from small red teacups.
• The project cost about S$165,000.

Merlions have been used on the coat of arms of the cities of
• Portsmouth
• Great Yarmouth in the United Kingdom
• The City of Manila
• The East India Company

Admission fee and Timings

• S$8 / Adult
• S$5 / Child
• Free for Merlion Walk
• 10am – 8pm daily (last entry 7.30pm)

There are five Merlions in Singapore and they are the only ones recognized by the STB:
• The 8.6-metre-tall original statue at Merlion Park.
• The two-metre-tall cub statue standing behind the original statue.
• The 37-metre-tall gigantic replica — with Mouth Gallery Viewing Deck on the ninth storey— at Sentosa Island.
• The three-metre-tall glazed polymarble statue at Tourism Court (near Grange Road) which was completed in 1995.
• The three-metre-tall polymarble statue that is placed on Mount Faber’s Faber Point.

A wide variety of Merlion souvenirs are sold at tourist areas in Singapore. Some form of Merlion souvenirs include:
• Display model, with smaller ones doubling up as paperweights
• Mini soft toy key chains or mobile phone charms
• Picture frames
• Refrigerator magnets
• Soft toys

Some more attractions of Sentosa Island

• Sentosa 4D Magix
• Sentosa CineBlast
• Fort Siloso
• MegaZip Adventure Park
• Azzura Beach Club
• Sentosa Luge & Skyride
• Tiger Sky Tower
• Butterfly Park and Insect Kingdom
• Underwater World and Dolphin Lagoon

Beaches at Sentosa

• Palawan Beach
• Siloso Beach
• Tanjong Beach

Other facilities
• There are six hotels and resorts in Sentosa.
• Spa Villas.

Events at Sentosa

• Barclays Singapore Open
• Sentosa Balloon Hats Festival
• Beach parties
• Sentosa Flowers
• The SWATCH-FIVB Beach Volleyball World Tour 2007

Best time to visit/climate

– Singapore is located a mere 1.5 degrees north of the Equator.
– Weather is usually sunny with no distinct seasons.
– Rain falls almost daily throughout the year.
– Most rainfall occurs during the northeast monsoon (November to January).
– Between May and October, forest fires in neighboring Sumatra can also cause dense haze.
The temperature averages around:
– 30°C (84°F) daytime, 24°C (76°F) at night in December and January.
– 32°C (90°F) daytime, 26°C (81°F) at night for the rest of the year.

Location on Google Maps

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How to get to The Merilion?

1. Nearest Bus Stop
– Bus 10, 10E, 57, 70, 75, 100, 107, 128, 130, 131, 162, 167, 196 and 19
– Walking 1 mins from bus stop B03011

2. Nearest MRT station
– Raffles Place MRT (NS26/EW14)
– Walking 5 mins from Exit H to here.

How to get to Sentosa?

• Basic admission to the island will set you back at least $2 per person.
• This is included in the transportation fares from the mainland to Sentosa.
• The island itself is open 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, although many of the attractions are not.
• The best way is in to take the North-East Line of the MRT to HarbourFront and then make your way to Level 3 of Vivocity
• Here you’ll find the Sentosa Express monorail to the island.
• The train operates every 5-8 minutes from 7AM to 11:45PM daily, and a round-trip ticket costs $3 (island admission included, EZ-Link accepted).
• The cheapest way though, is to take an SMRT bus for $2.
• RWS 8 from VivoCity/HarbourFront MRT.

1. By taxi or private car
• You’ll need to pay $2 to $7 per vehicle to enter, and a $3 taxi surcharge also applies on the way out.
• It is now possible to walk across the bridge via the Sentosa Broadwalk ($1, EZ-Link accepted).

2. The Cable Car
• This is between Sentosa, HarbourFront and Mt. Faber.
• Return ticket on Cable Car costs $26.

3. By Bus
• Three colored shuttle bus services — Yellow Line, Red Line and Blue Line.
• They connect Imbiah Station to various points on the island.
• Buses run from 7AM-11PM on weekdays and until 12:30 AM on Fri/Sat.

4. By Tram
• Beach trams supplemented by minivans shuttle people along the beaches every 15-20 minutes.
• One service connects Beach Station to Siloso Beach; another connects Beach Station to Palawan and Tanjong Beaches.

5. By Train
The new Sentosa Express, can also be used to shuttle between the beaches and Imbiah Station (near the Merlion).

How to reach Singapore?

1. By Plane
• Singapore is one of Southeast Asia’s largest aviation hubs.
• The easiest way to enter Singapore is by air in addition to flag-carrier Singapore Airlines.
• Its regional subsidiary is SilkAir.
• Singapore is also home to low-cost carriers Tiger Airways, Jetstar Asia and Scoot.
• Changi airport: The country’s main airport and major regional hub status.
• Seletar Airport: Seletar Airport is Singapore’s first airport.

2. By Road
• Singapore is linked by two land crossings to Peninsular Malaysia.
• The Causeway is very popular.

3. By Bus
There are buses to/from Kuala Lumpur (KL) and many other destinations in Malaysia through the Woodlands Checkpoint and the Second Link at Tuas.
Major operators include:
– Aeroline
– First Coach
– NiCE
– Transnasional
– Transtar

4. By Train
• Singapore is the southern terminus of Malaysia’s Keretapi Tanah Melayu network.
• There are two day trains (the Ekspres Sinaran Pagi and Ekspres Rakyat) and a sleeper service (Ekspres Senandung Malam) daily from Kuala Lumpur.
• A day train (the Lambaian Timur departing Singapore at 4:45AM).
• Sleeper (Ekspres Timuran departing at 6PM) daily along the “Jungle Railway” between Singapore and Gua Musang.

5. By Boat
Getting to/away from the ferry terminals:
• HarbourFront FT: Located next to HarbourFront MRT station.
• Tanah Merah FT: Get off at Bedok MRT station and catch bus No. 35 to ferry terminal.
• Changi FT: No bus stop nearby, take a taxi from Changi Village or Tanah Merah MRT.
• Changi Point FT: Take bus No. 2, 29 or 59 to Changi Village Bus Terminal and walk to the ferry terminal.

6. Cruises
• Star Cruises offers multi-day cruises from Singapore to points throughout Southeast Asia, departing from HarbourFront FT.
• Common destinations include: Malacca, Klang (Kuala Lumpur), Penang, Langkawi, Redang and Tioman in Malaysia, as well as Phuket,Krabi, Ko Samui and Bangkok in Thailand.
• There are also several cruises every year to Borneo (Malaysia),Sihanoukville (Cambodia), Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnam) and even some 10 night long hauls to Hong Kong.

Some travel books from Amazon about Singapore

Lonely Planet Singapore Frommer’s Singapore Day by Day Malaysia and Singapore

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at wikitravel.org
Hotels at hotels.online.com.sg
Hotels at expedia.co.in

Blogs/Sites about Singapore – Sentosa – The Merlion

Blogs at travbuddy.com
Blogs at infopedia.nl.sg
Blogs at streetdirectory.com
Blogs and reviews at sentosa.com.sg

Images and photos of Singapore – Sentosa – The Merlion

Images at 360cities.net
Images at fotosearch.com
Images at sentosa.com.sg
Images at images of streetdirectory.com
Images at images of photobucket.com

Videos of Singapore – Sentosa – The Merlion

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