July 2012
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The Bukit Timah Nature Reserve – a nature reserve near the geographic centre of the city-state of Singapore.

The Bukit Timah Nature Reserve is a nature reserve near the geographic centre of the city-state of Singapore.


• This reserve is a small 1.64 square kilometer (400 acre) nature reserve.
• This reserve is located on the slopes of Bukit Timah Hill.
• It is the Singapore’s highest hill standing at a height of 163.63 metres, and parts of the surrounding area.
• The nature reserve is about 12 kilometres from the Downtown Core, Singapore’s central business district.
• It is considered one of the most productive pieces of nature.
• Together with the neighboring Central Catchment Nature Reserve, it houses over 840 species of flowering plants and over 500 species of fauna.
• It is one of the largest patches of primary rainforest left in Singapore.
• The forest reserve was formally declared as an ASEAN Heritage Park on 18 October 2011.
• The name Bukit Timah is borrowed from the tallest hill found in the area of the same name.
• It is also the tallest geographical location in all of Singapore.
• The hill served as a granite quarry for many years.
• The Bukit Timah and Central Catchment nature reserves are home to more than 840 flowering plants and over 500 species of animals.
These include:
– towering trees
– climbing palms (better known as rattans)
– ferns
– orchids
– gingers
– strange blooms such as the Black or Bat lily
The most commonly encountered animal species are:
– The Long-tailed Macaques or monkeys
– Flying lemur (Colugo)
– Squirrels
• Forest birds include:
– The Striped tit-babbler
– The Fairy bluebird
– Drongos
– Bulbuls
• The main trails in the Reserve are:
– Route 1 (Red) 45 mins, trail grade: Easy
– Route 2 (Blue) 35 mins, trail grade: Easy
– Route 3 (Green) 1-2 hours, trail grade: Moderate to difficult
– Route 4 (Yellow) 2 hrs, trail grade: Difficult
– Kampong Trail (which leads to MacRitchie Reservoir) 1.5 hrs, trail grade: Easy

Activities in the Reserve

1. Mountain biking trail
• There is a 6km mountain biking trail around the Reserve’s boundary.
• It takes about 30min-1hr to complete, trail grade moderate to difficult.
• Hikers please do not use the biking trail.
• Bikers are not allowed to ride inside reserves.

2. Rock climbing
At the Reserve boundary, there are also some popular rock climbing sites.

3. Flora and fauna
• Seraya (Shorea curtisii)
• Rare Mock Durian (Neesia synandra)
• Forest Praying Mantis
• Singapore Freshwater Crab
• Pangolin
• Horsfields Flying Squirrel
• Colugo
These nature reserves bound 4 reservoirs namely:
– MacRitchie Reservoir
– Lower Peirce Reservoir
– Upper Peirce Reservoir
– Upper Seletar Reservoir

Events of Singapore

– Singapore Food Festival
– Singapore Grand Prix
– Singapore Arts Festival
– Chingay Parade
– World Gourmet Summit
– ZoukOut
– Singapore Sun Festival
– Christmas
– Singapore Jewel Festival

Singapore has four official languages
– English
– Chinese
– Malay
– Tamil

Places to see in Singapore

1. Beaches and Tourist Resorts
• Three beaches on Sentosa and its southern islands.
• East Coast.

2. Culture and Cuisine
• Chinatown for Chinese treats
• Little India for Indian flavors
• Kampong Glam (Arab St) for a Malay/Arab experience
• East Coast for delicious seafood

3. History and Museums
• The Bras Basah area east of Orchard.
• North of the Singapore River: Singapore’s colonial core

4. Nature and wildlife
North and West
• Singapore Zoo
• Night Safari
• Jurong Bird Park
• Botanical Gardens
• Bukit Timah Nature Reserve
• Pulau Ubin, an island off the Changi Village in the east
• Tortoise and turtle sanctuary in the Chinese Gardens on the west side of town

5. Skyscrapers and Shopping
• Orchard Road
• Singapore River
• Bugis and Marina Bay

6. Places of Worship
• Vast Kong Meng San Phor Kark
• Monastery near Ang Mo Kio
• Colorful Sri Mariamman Hindu temple in Chinatown
• Psychedelic Burmese Buddhist Temple in Balestier
• Stately Masjid Sultan in Arab Street

Things to do in Singapore

• Golfing
• Surfing
• Scuba diving
• Ice skating
• Snow skiing
• Gambling
• Races
• Spas
• Swimming
• Water-skiing
• Wake-boarding
• Windsurfing
• Canoeing
• Cable-Skiing
• Wave surfing

Best time to visit/climate

– Singapore is located a mere 1.5 degrees north of the Equator.
– Weather is usually sunny with no distinct seasons.
– Rain falls almost daily throughout the year.
– Most rainfall occurs during the northeast monsoon (November to January).
– Between May and October, forest fires in neighboring Sumatra can also cause dense haze.
The temperature averages around:
– 30°C (84°F) daytime, 24°C (76°F) at night in December and January.
– 32°C (90°F) daytime, 26°C (81°F) at night for the rest of the year.

Location on Google Maps

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How to get to The Bukit Timah Nature Reserve?

1. By Bus
• Bus numbers 67, 75, 170, 171, 173, 184, 852, 961.
• Take bus to Upper Bukit Timah Road, alight opposite the Bukit Timah Shopping Center and Beauty World Center.
• From there it’s approx. ten minutes walk along Hindhede Drive to the Visitor Center.

2. On Foot
• The reserve can be reached from MacRitchie Reservoir or the Tree-Top Walk via Rifle Range Road.

3. By Taxi/Car
Via Hindhede Drive; parking facilities at the Visitor Center are limited.

How to reach Singapore?

1. By Plane
• Singapore is one of Southeast Asia’s largest aviation hubs.
• The easiest way to enter Singapore is by air in addition to flag-carrier Singapore Airlines.
• Its regional subsidiary is SilkAir.
• Singapore is also home to low-cost carriers Tiger Airways, Jetstar Asia and Scoot.
• Changi airport: The country’s main airport and major regional hub status.
• Seletar Airport: Seletar Airport is Singapore’s first airport.

2. By Road
• Singapore is linked by two land crossings to Peninsular Malaysia.
• The Causeway is very popular.

3. By Bus
There are buses to/from Kuala Lumpur (KL) and many other destinations in Malaysia through the Woodlands Checkpoint and the Second Link at Tuas.
Major operators include:
– Aeroline
– First Coach
– NiCE
– Transnasional
– Transtar

4. By Train
• Singapore is the southern terminus of Malaysia’s Keretapi Tanah Melayu network.
• There are two day trains (the Ekspres Sinaran Pagi and Ekspres Rakyat) and a sleeper service (Ekspres Senandung Malam) daily from Kuala Lumpur.
• A day train (the Lambaian Timur departing Singapore at 4:45AM).
• Sleeper (Ekspres Timuran departing at 6PM) daily along the “Jungle Railway” between Singapore and Gua Musang.

5. By Boat
Getting to/away from the ferry terminals:
• HarbourFront FT: Located next to HarbourFront MRT station.
• Tanah Merah FT: Get off at Bedok MRT station and catch bus No. 35 to ferry terminal.
• Changi FT: No bus stop nearby, take a taxi from Changi Village or Tanah Merah MRT.
• Changi Point FT: Take bus No. 2, 29 or 59 to Changi Village Bus Terminal and walk to the ferry terminal.

6. Cruises
• Star Cruises offers multi-day cruises from Singapore to points throughout Southeast Asia, departing from HarbourFront FT.
• Common destinations include: Malacca, Klang (Kuala Lumpur), Penang, Langkawi, Redang and Tioman in Malaysia, as well as Phuket,Krabi, Ko Samui and Bangkok in Thailand.
• There are also several cruises every year to Borneo (Malaysia),Sihanoukville (Cambodia), Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnam) and even some 10 night long hauls to Hong Kong.

Some travel books from Amazon about Singapore

Lonely Planet Singapore Frommer’s Singapore Day by Day Malaysia and Singapore

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at wikitravel.org
Hotels at hotels.online.com.sg
Hotels at expedia.co.in

Blogs/Sites about Singapore – Bukit Timah Nature Reserve

Blogs at yoursingapore.com
Blogs at nparks.gov.sg
Blogs at wildsingapore.com
Blogs and reviews at ulusingapore.com

Images and photos of Singapore – Bukit Timah Nature Reserve

Images at google.com
Images at streetdirectory.com
Images at nparks.gov.sg
Images at images of wildsingapore.com

Videos of Singapore – Bukit Timah Nature Reserve

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