July 2012
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Sultan Mosque and Thian Hock Keng Temple – also known as Temple of Heavenly Happiness in Singapore.

Thian Hock Keng Temple is the oldest Hokkien temple and is known as Temple of Heavenly Happiness, is in Singapore which dates back to 1821.

Overview of Thian Hock Keng Temple

• The structure was thoroughly refurbished in 2000.
• Thian Hock Keng Temple’s main temple is dedicated to Mazu.
• Mazu is the Taoist goddess of the sea and protector of all seamen.
• A second temple at the back is a Buddhist one dedicated to Kuan Yin, the bodhisattva of mercy.
• After the British established, a “joss house” was built from 1821 to 1822 for them to pray and thank the Goddess for their safe passage.
• Thian Hock Keng Temple was later built on this site from 1839 to 1842.
• It served as a temple, school and community center.
• Grateful immigrants, some of whom became successful businessmen, contributed to the construction.
• A year after construction, a statue of Mazu arrived from China and was installed.
• Many materials were recycled.
• The timber, stone columns and tiles were formerly ballast on Chinese junks.
• Mosaic pieces used on the temple roof to create bird feathers, dragon scales and flower petals were broken pieces of pottery and cutlery from ships.
• In 1907, the temple received its most precious gift — a calligraphic panel from the Emperor of China himself, Guang Xu of the Qing Dynasty.
• Thian Hock Keng Temple was gazetted as a national monument on 6 July 1973.

The brightly colored, elaborate facade was constructed with:
• ironwork from Scotland
• tiles from England and the Netherlands
• dragon-ornamented granite pillars from China

Contact Information

• Address : 158 Telok Ayer St
• Phone : 6423-4616
• Directions : MRT : Tanjong Pagar

Architecture of Thian Hock Keng Temple

• It is constructed in the temple architectural style of southern China.
• Thian Hock Keng has a grand entrance with a high step in front.
• The side entrance gates feature brightly colored tiles.
• They portray peacocks, roses and the universal Buddhist swastika in green and brown.
• This symbol represents good luck, eternity and immortality.
• Tigers, lions and Door Gods, traditional sentinels guard the doors like any Taoist temple.
• There are two courtyards beyond this elaborate entrance.
• Straddling the courtyards is the temple proper is the shrine of Ma Cho Po.
• On either side of the temple are pagodas.
• The one on the left is a shrine of Confucius.
• Right side houses ancestral tablets of immigrants.

Sultan Mosque

Masjid Sultan is located at Muscat Street and North Bridge Road within the Kampong Glam district of Rochor Planning Area in Singapore.


• The mosque is considered one of the most important mosques in Singapore.
• The prayer hall and domes highlight the mosque’s star features.
• The area around Kampong Glam was allocated for Malays and other Muslims.
• Hussain built a palace there and brought his family and a complete entourage from the Riau islands.
• Many of the Sultan’s and Temenggong’s followers came to Kampong Glam from the Riau Islands, Malacca and Sumatra.
• Sultan Hussain then decided to build a mosque befitting his status.
• He constructed a mosque next to his palace from 1824 to 1826.
• The funds solicited from the East India Company.
• With a two-tiered pyramidal roof, it was of a typical design.
• The original building was replaced with a new mosque.
• The management of the mosque was headed by Alauddin Shah, the Sultan’s grandson, until 1879.
• He passed the torch to five community leaders in 1914.
• The lease was extended by the government for a further 999 years and a new board of trustees was appointed.
• By the early 1900s, Singapore had become a centre for Islamic commerce, culture and art.
• Sultan Mosque soon became too small for this burgeoning community.
• Architect Denis Santry of Swan and Maclaren adopted a Saracenic style.
• He incorporated minarets and balustrades.
• The mosque was completed after four years in 1928.
• It was gazetted as a national monument on 14 March 1975.
• Today the mosque is owned by Majlis Ugama Islam Singapura (MUIS).

Essential Information about Sultan Mosque

ADMISSION FEE : Free admission
FEATURES : Free admission, Family friendly, 24hour
GOOD FOR : Culture, History, Local Flavour
RECOMMENDED FOR : Architecture

Events of Singapore

– Singapore Food Festival
– Singapore Grand Prix
– Singapore Arts Festival
– Chingay Parade
– World Gourmet Summit
– ZoukOut
– Singapore Sun Festival
– Christmas
– Singapore Jewel Festival

Singapore has four official languages
– English
– Chinese
– Malay
– Tamil

Places to see in Singapore

1. Beaches and Tourist Resorts
• Three beaches on Sentosa and its southern islands.
• East Coast.

2. Culture and Cuisine
• Chinatown for Chinese treats
• Little India for Indian flavors
• Kampong Glam (Arab St) for a Malay/Arab experience
• East Coast for delicious seafood

3. History and Museums
• The Bras Basah area east of Orchard.
• North of the Singapore River: Singapore’s colonial core

4. Nature and wildlife
North and West
• Singapore Zoo
• Night Safari
• Jurong Bird Park
• Botanical Gardens
• Bukit Timah Nature Reserve
• Pulau Ubin, an island off the Changi Village in the east
• Tortoise and turtle sanctuary in the Chinese Gardens on the west side of town

5. Skyscrapers and Shopping
• Orchard Road
• Singapore River
• Bugis and Marina Bay

6. Places of Worship
• Vast Kong Meng San Phor Kark
• Monastery near Ang Mo Kio
• Colorful Sri Mariamman Hindu temple in Chinatown
• Psychedelic Burmese Buddhist Temple in Balestier
• Stately Masjid Sultan in Arab Street

Things to do in Singapore

• Golfing
• Surfing
• Scuba diving
• Ice skating
• Snow skiing
• Gambling
• Races
• Spas
• Swimming
• Water-skiing
• Wake-boarding
• Windsurfing
• Canoeing
• Cable-Skiing
• Wave surfing

Best time to visit/climate

– Singapore is located a mere 1.5 degrees north of the Equator.
– Weather is usually sunny with no distinct seasons.
– Rain falls almost daily throughout the year.
– Most rainfall occurs during the northeast monsoon (November to January).
– Between May and October, forest fires in neighboring Sumatra can also cause dense haze.
The temperature averages around:
– 30°C (84°F) daytime, 24°C (76°F) at night in December and January.
– 32°C (90°F) daytime, 26°C (81°F) at night for the rest of the year.

Location on Google Maps

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How to reach Singapore?

1. By Plane
• Singapore is one of Southeast Asia’s largest aviation hubs.
• The easiest way to enter Singapore is by air in addition to flag-carrier Singapore Airlines.
• Its regional subsidiary is SilkAir.
• Singapore is also home to low-cost carriers Tiger Airways, Jetstar Asia and Scoot.
• Changi airport: The country’s main airport and major regional hub status.
• Seletar Airport: Seletar Airport is Singapore’s first airport.

2. By Road
• Singapore is linked by two land crossings to Peninsular Malaysia.
• The Causeway is very popular.

3. By Bus
There are buses to/from Kuala Lumpur (KL) and many other destinations in Malaysia through the Woodlands Checkpoint and the Second Link at Tuas.
Major operators include:
– Aeroline
– First Coach
– NiCE
– Transnasional
– Transtar

4. By Train
• Singapore is the southern terminus of Malaysia’s Keretapi Tanah Melayu network.
• There are two day trains (the Ekspres Sinaran Pagi and Ekspres Rakyat) and a sleeper service (Ekspres Senandung Malam) daily from Kuala Lumpur.
• A day train (the Lambaian Timur departing Singapore at 4:45AM).
• Sleeper (Ekspres Timuran departing at 6PM) daily along the “Jungle Railway” between Singapore and Gua Musang.

5. By Boat
Getting to/away from the ferry terminals:
• HarbourFront FT: Located next to HarbourFront MRT station.
• Tanah Merah FT: Get off at Bedok MRT station and catch bus No. 35 to ferry terminal.
• Changi FT: No bus stop nearby, take a taxi from Changi Village or Tanah Merah MRT.
• Changi Point FT: Take bus No. 2, 29 or 59 to Changi Village Bus Terminal and walk to the ferry terminal.

6. Cruises
• Star Cruises offers multi-day cruises from Singapore to points throughout Southeast Asia, departing from HarbourFront FT.
• Common destinations include: Malacca, Klang (Kuala Lumpur), Penang, Langkawi, Redang and Tioman in Malaysia, as well as Phuket,Krabi, Ko Samui and Bangkok in Thailand.
• There are also several cruises every year to Borneo (Malaysia),Sihanoukville (Cambodia), Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnam) and even some 10 night long hauls to Hong Kong.

Some travel books from Amazon about Singapore

Lonely Planet Singapore Frommer’s Singapore Day by Day Malaysia and Singapore

Places to stay (hotels / restaurants along with website / contact numbers)

Hotels at wikitravel.org
Hotels at hotels.online.com.sg
Hotels at expedia.co.in

Blogs/Sites about Singapore – Thian Hock Keng Temple and Sultan Mosque

Blogs at mytourpal.com
Blogs at tosingapore.blogspot.in
Blogs at lonelyplanet.com
Blogs and reviews at funtouristattractions.com

Images and photos of Singapore – Thian Hock Keng Temple and Sultan Mosque

Images at google.com
Images at streetdirectory.com
Images at tosingapore.blogspot.in
Images at Images of funtouristattractions.com

Videos of Singapore – Thian Hock Keng Temple and Sultan Mosque

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